Features of the functioning of the institute of criminal offenses in Ukraine

Características del funcionamiento del instituto de delitos penales en Ucrania

Palabras clave: infracción penal, exoneración de la pena, instrucción previa al juicio, indagación

Resumen

Se analiza las disposiciones de la legislación penal y procesal sobre el establecimiento de delitos penales, así como la práctica de su aplicación. La aplicación de un conjunto de métodos generales y de conocimientos científicos especiales permitió formular algunas propuestas para: 1) determinación de la responsabilidad penal para faltas y aumento de sanciones en forma de multa por la comisión de determinados delitos; 2) regulación en la Ley de Ucrania al estándar internacional; 3) introducción por parte de la Policía Nacional de la especialización de investigadores con un claro reflejo de jurisdicción en la legislación procesal penal; 4) adición del Código de Procedimiento Penal con disposiciones sobre la adopción de la decisión procesal pertinente por parte del juez de instrucción, en caso de que no se establezca la composición del delito y; 5) identificación del médico forense como sujeto de la búsqueda, así como una solicitud de confiscación de propiedad. Se concluye que el Código de Procedimiento Penal de Ucrania debe identificar al forense junto con el investigador y el fiscal como objeto del registro, así como, de ser necesario, solicitar la incautación de bienes, principalmente para incautar temporalmente los bienes durante la detención de una persona.

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Biografía del autor/a

Roman Lemekha, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal science, Associate Professor at Lviv branch of the European University, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Volodymyr Rubtsov, Lviv branch of the European University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Management and Social Sciences and Humanities , Lviv branch of the European University. Lviv, Ukraine.

Natalya Orlovska, Odessa National Maritime University, Odessa, Ukraine.

Doctor in Law, Associate Professor, Professor of Criminal Law and Administrative Law Department, Odessa National Maritime University, Odessa, Ukraine.

Volodymyr Kantsir, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Doctor in Law, Professor of Criminal Law and Procedure Department, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Humin Oleksii, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Doctor in Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2022-02-18
Cómo citar
Lemekha, R., Rubtsov, V., Orlovska, N., Kantsir, V., & Oleksii, H. (2022). Features of the functioning of the institute of criminal offenses in Ukraine: Características del funcionamiento del instituto de delitos penales en Ucrania. Cuestiones Políticas, 40(72), 245-263. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4072.13
Sección
Derecho Público