Ukraine’s security and Pakistan’s security: mechanisms to overcome threats

La seguridad de Ucrania y la seguridad de Pakistán: mecanismos para superar las amenazas

Palabras clave: seguridad de Ucrania y Pakistán, amenazas a la seguridad, relaciones entre Ucrania y Rusia, relaciones entre Pakistán e India, política internacional

Resumen

La esfera de la seguridad juega un papel importante en la política interior y exterior de los Estados. En este sentido, el objeto del estudio fueron las amenazas a la seguridad que determinan la estabilidad en Ucrania y Pakistán. Los autores utilizaron el método de análisis comparativo para establecer paralelismos entre la seguridad de Ucrania y Pakistán e identificar posibles formas de mejorarla. Se concluye que, aunque Ucrania como Pakistán están bastante distantes geopolíticamente, tienen historias y procesos de construcción del Estado diferentes, se ven afectados por amenazas de seguridad tradicionales y “no tradicionales”. Definitivamente, el principal factor unificador de los Estados es el estado antagonista o “enemigo”: India para Pakistán y Rusia para Ucrania, que se convierte en un catalizador para la formación de la identidad nacional y la unidad de la sociedad. Los conflictos en Pakistán (Cachemira, Beluchistán y Pastunistán) y Ucrania (guerra en Donbass, anexión ilegal de Crimea por parte de la Federación Rusa) han tenido consecuencias comunes y mecanismos para superarlos, que se implementan en el contexto de la política interna y estatal de tanto en Kiev como en Islamabad.

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Biografía del autor/a

Iryna Tykhonenko , Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

Ph.D. in Political Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

Oleksandr Trygub, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of History, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

Tetiana Bohdanova, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor of the Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.

Oleksandr Shevchuk , National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of International Relations and Social Sciences, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2022-12-19
Cómo citar
Tykhonenko , I., Trygub, O., Bohdanova, T., & Shevchuk , O. (2022). Ukraine’s security and Pakistan’s security: mechanisms to overcome threats: La seguridad de Ucrania y la seguridad de Pakistán: mecanismos para superar las amenazas. Cuestiones Políticas, 40(75), 581-602. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4075.35
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Derecho Público