Investigation and justice of crimes committed under war conditions in Ukraine

Investigación y justicia de crímenes cometidos en condiciones de guerra en Ucrania

Palabras clave: crímenes de guerra, Estatuto de Roma, Corte Penal Internacional, ratificación, Justicia transicional

Resumen

El propósito del artículo es revisar el tema de la investigación y administración de justicia en relación con los crímenes cometidos durante la guerra en Ucrania, como uno de los elementos importantes de la justicia transicional. Los autores se centran en la posibilidad de aplicar el concepto de solución posconflicto en Ucrania tras el fin de las hostilidades provocadas por la agresión armada. El artículo llama la atención sobre el hecho de que para contrarrestar estos crímenes debe ser necesario: desarrollar mecanismos efectivos y establecer comunicación dentro de la jurisdicción universal con otros países que tienen experiencia en la investigación de agresiones militares rusas; uso extensivo de las capacidades de la Comisión Internacional de Derechos Humanos establecida por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de la ONU para investigar crímenes de guerra cometidos por las fuerzas armadas del agresor y violaciones del derecho internacional humanitario, cuya evidencia preparada puede usarse en todas las jurisdicciones internacionales y nacionales. Se concluye que urge tomar prestada la experiencia internacional positiva en la estandarización de la legislación nacional vigente, destinada a optimizar el proceso de documentación e investigación de crímenes de lesa humanidad, llevando a los perpetradores ante la justicia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Nataliya Ortynska, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department Theories of law and constitutionalism of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine. 

Volodymyr Baranyak, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine. 

Inna Tsyliuryk, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Yana Koniushenko, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Process, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine. 

Ihor Krasyuk, University of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine, Irpin, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Deputy Head of the Department of Handwriting Research at the Laboratory of Forensic Research Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise at the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine; Applicant of the Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics of the University of the State Fiscal Service of
Ukraine, Irpin, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Citas

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Publicado
2022-07-08
Cómo citar
Ortynska, N., Baranyak, V., Tsyliuryk, I., Koniushenko, Y., & Krasyuk, I. (2022). Investigation and justice of crimes committed under war conditions in Ukraine: Investigación y justicia de crímenes cometidos en condiciones de guerra en Ucrania. Cuestiones Políticas, 40(73), 311-329. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4073.16
Sección
Derecho Público

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