Damage compensation mechanism in the criminal process

Mecanismo de indemnización por daños en el proceso penal

Palabras clave: demanda civil, víctima, proceso penal, indemnización por daños, acciones procesales

Resumen

Se analizan las cuestiones problemáticas de consideración y resolución en un caso penal de una demanda civil de indemnización por daños a la propiedad o indemnización por daño moral causado por un delito penal. Se determina la esencia y el contenido de la «demanda civil en el proceso penal», se anotan las ventajas y se discuten los problemas de una demanda civil en el proceso penal de Ucrania. Los autores proponen considerar la presentación de una demanda civil como un derecho de la víctima, correspondiente a la obligación de la fiscalía penal y del tribunal de tomar medidas para la reparación oportuna de los daños. Se revelan algunas razones que complican la implementación del principio de inevitabilidad de la responsabilidad civil por un delito cometido simultáneamente con el procedimiento para condenar al perpetrador. Como conclsuion se propone desarrollar nuevos enfoques para la institución de una demanda civil en el proceso penal de Ucrania, contribuyendo a la mejora de las actividades de las autoridades de enjuiciamiento penal y el tribunal para restaurar los derechos civiles violados de las víctimas de delitos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Yana Koniushenko, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Process, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Petro Pidyukov, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Unit for the Organization of Scientific Activity and Protection of Intellectual Property Rights, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Tetiana Ustymenko, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedure, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Olha Khakhutsiak, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of Department of Criminal Process, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Mykhailo Gultai, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor in Law, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Constitutional Law and Human Rights, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2022-02-18
Cómo citar
Koniushenko, Y., Pidyukov, P., Ustymenko, T., Khakhutsiak, O., & Gultai, M. (2022). Damage compensation mechanism in the criminal process: Mecanismo de indemnización por daños en el proceso penal. Cuestiones Políticas, 40(72), 48-68. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4072.03
Sección
Derecho Público