Use of certain special knowledge in the investigation of murders

Utilización de ciertos conocimientos especiales en la investigación de asesinatos

Palabras clave: conocimiento especial, investigación de asesinatos, balística, ciencias del suelo, caligrafía

Resumen

El artículo analiza los problemas actuales del uso de conocimientos especiales en la investigación de asesinatos. Se determina la esencia y las formas básicas del conocimiento forense especial (participación de un especialista en la realización de acciones de investigación (búsqueda), consultas de especialistas, realización de exámenes forenses) utilizados en el proceso de investigación de delitos penales. Se hace hincapié en la conveniencia de un uso más frecuente de tipos de conocimientos especializados como la balística, la ciencia del suelo y la escritura a mano, cuyos fundamentos teóricos y metodológicos deben actualizarse y ajustarse para tener en cuenta las últimas técnicas y prácticas de vanguardia. Se concluye que el poco nivel de desarrollo de las recomendaciones metodológicas relevantes en Ucrania en el campo de la balística, la ciencia del suelo y la escritura a mano, demuestran la falta de enfoque en los problemas actuales de la práctica judicial e investigadora. La solución a este problema se verá facilitada por la actualización del programa de capacitación para expertos novatos, que debe incluir un estudio exhaustivo de métodos y técnicas clásicas y modernas, experiencia internacional avanzada, que ampliará la cosmovisión profesional.

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Biografía del autor/a

Oleksandr Kravchenko, Classic Private University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law, Procedure and Criminalistics, Classic Private University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Oleksandr Zherebko, Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Head of the department of normative and methodical activity and standardization, Kyiv Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Expertise, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Ruslana Zaveryko, Classic Private University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate student at the Department of Criminal Law, Procedure and Criminalistics, Classic Private University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Antonina Velmozhna-Sydorova, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Forensic expert of the Kharkiv scientific research forensic center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Tetiana Chashnytska, Forensic Center of Center Ministry of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate student at the Field Information Technology Laboratory of Information Technology and Cybersecurity Department Educational Research Institute No 1 of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Senior Forensic Expert of Photographic and Portrait Research Department, Research in the
Field Information Technology Laboratory State Scientific Research Forensic Center of Center Ministry of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2022-02-18
Cómo citar
Kravchenko, O., Zherebko, O., Zaveryko, R., Velmozhna-Sydorova, A., & Chashnytska, T. (2022). Use of certain special knowledge in the investigation of murders: Utilización de ciertos conocimientos especiales en la investigación de asesinatos. Cuestiones Políticas, 40(72), 69-88. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4072.04
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Derecho Público