Features of Interrogation of Minor Victims in the Pre-Trial Investigation

Palabras clave: Interrogatorio de menores, tácticas de interrogatorio, víctima menor, averiguación previa al juicio, legislación internacional sobre menores

Resumen

La protección integral de los menores es una de las áreas prioritarias de la política penal. La investigación previa al juicio, y su interrogatorio como parte, ocupa un lugar especial en el proceso de protección de los menores y restitución de sus derechos vulnerados. El interrogatorio de menores es un procedimiento especial con requisitos claramente definidos. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar lagunas en la regulación del interrogatorio de menores y sugerir formas de abordarlas. Los métodos utilizados fueron: enfoque de sistema; estadísticas descriptivas; comparación y yuxtaposición; análisis descriptivo; enfoque pragmático; pronóstico. Las tácticas de interrogatorio de un menor víctima de un delito están legalmente definidas en la legislación procesal penal nacional de la gran mayoría de países. Los principios, normas, principales medidas y finalidad del interrogatorio de esta categoría de víctimas en la instrucción preliminar están consagrados en las disposiciones de la normativa internacional. Estas reglas se basan en el principio de justicia adaptada a los niños. Pero la conducta práctica del interrogatorio tiene una serie de lagunas, por lo que es necesario aclarar las reglas de las regulaciones internacionales y nacionales sobre ciertas disposiciones.

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Biografía del autor/a

Olga Y. Guseva, State University of Telecommunications,

Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Economics, State University of Telecommunications, 03110, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Myroslav V. Popovych, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University

Assistant at the Department of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, 58012, Chernivtsi, Ukraine. 

Lyubov M. Hryndey, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University

PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law, Faculty of Law, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, 58012, Chernivtsi, Ukraine.

Oksana V. Melnyk, National Academy of Internal Affairs

PhD in Law, Associate Professor at the Criminal Process Department, National Academy of Internal Affairs,03035,  Kyiv, Ukraine.

Mykhailo V. Huzela, Lviv Polytechnic National University

PhD in Law, Associate Professor at the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure, Institute of Jurisprudence, Psychology and Innovative Education, Lviv Polytechnic National University, 79013, Lviv, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2021-10-05
Cómo citar
Guseva, O. Y., Popovych, M. V., Hryndey, L. M., Melnyk, O. V., & Huzela, M. V. (2021). Features of Interrogation of Minor Victims in the Pre-Trial Investigation. Cuestiones Políticas, 39(70), 485-503. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.29
Sección
Derecho Público