World experience of legal regulation of road safety

Palabras clave: seguridad vial, transporte motorizado, siniestralidad, accidentes de tráfico

Resumen

El artículo analiza las características de la regulación legal de la seguridad vial en diferentes países del mundo. Además, se revelan temas de actualidad en el campo de la seguridad vial, que pueden dividirse condicionalmente en varios grupos. Tales temas incluyen la regulación legal; la organización estructural de la regulación legal: personal, material, soporte técnico y financiero. Se identifican las direcciones clave de la política de estado de diferentes países del mundo en el campo de garantizar la seguridad vial, así como nuevos principios para la formación de criterios para garantizar la seguridad vial. Se analiza la experiencia positiva de algunos países en el ámbito de la seguridad vial. En particular, la experiencia de China, Japón y algunos países europeos en el campo de garantizar la seguridad vial podría ser tomada en cuenta por otros países al mismo tiempo que la regulación legal de la seguridad vial. Se concluye que, para mejorar la eficiencia de la regulación legal de la seguridad vial, se requiere un enfoque sistemático, que incluya el desarrollo de indicadores objetivo, el uso de medidas sistemáticas y basadas en evidencia dirigidas a prevenir accidentes viales y reducir la severidad de sus consecuencias.

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Biografía del autor/a

Igor Pastukh

Head of the Department of Public management and Administration, National Academy of Internal Affairs, PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Kyiv, Ukraine,

Iryna Bukhtiiarova, National Academy of Internal Affairs

Associate Professor of the Department of Public management and Administration, National Academy of Internal Affairs, PhD in Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Nataliia Kapitonova

Lecturer at the Department of Police Law National Academy of Internal Affairs, PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Bohdan Ahanin

Company commander motorcade division of patrol police Deparment, National Police of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2021-10-01
Cómo citar
Pastukh, I., Bukhtiiarova, I., Kapitonova, N., & Ahanin, B. (2021). World experience of legal regulation of road safety. Cuestiones Políticas, 39(70), 165-179. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.10
Sección
Derecho Público