Legal regulation of the police: international aspects

Regulación legal de la policía: aspectos internacionales

Palabras clave: agentes policiales, aplicación de la ley, vigilancia, regulación legal, servicios policiales

Resumen

Basado en el análisis de desarrollos teóricos, disposiciones de la legislación vigente, generalizaciones de la práctica policial y mediante el método científico y la refelexion filosófica, el artículo revela la esencia de la regulación legal de la policía a nivel internacional. Se ha estudiado la experiencia de las democracias desarrolladas en el ámbito de la regulación jurídica de las actividades policiales a fin de mejorar la ejecución de las funciones de aplicación de la ley por parte de la Policía Nacional de Ucrania. Con el fin de armonizar la legislación nacional en el ámbito de la gestión en los cuerpos y unidades policiales con las normas internacionales, se formularon propuestas para mejorar la regulación jurídica de las actividades de la Policía Nacional de Ucrania. Se han revelado las características comunes de las estructuras policiales en los países de la familia jurídica romano-germánica. Como conclusión se fundamenta la conveniencia de adoptar la experiencia polaca de estructuración y regulación legal de los cuerpos policiales, sin darles rasgos paramilitares. Se argumenta sobre la conveniencia de definir en el Reglamento de la Policía Nacional las principales tareas relacionadas con la prestación de los servicios policiales.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Biografía del autor/a

Maksym Pendiura, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Theory of State and Law, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Svitlana Pylypenko, National Аcademy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Professor, / Professor of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines, National Аcademy of Internal Affairs; Kyiv, Ukraine.

Nataliia Serbina, State and Law National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Theory of State and Law National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Maksym Pluhatyr, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department public management and administration National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Lina Tovpyha, Kyiv сity medical professional college No. 4, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate student, Teacher at the Cycle of Social Disciplines , Kyiv сity medical professional college No4; Kyiv, Ukraine.

Citas

ABOUTTHENATIONALPOLICE.UNDATED.LawofUkraineof02.07.2015№ 580-VІІІ Available online. In: http://www.golos.com.ua/article/257729. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

BAYLEY, David; BITTNER, Egon. 1984. “Learning the skills of policing” In: Law and Contemporary Problems. Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 35–59.

BEHÖRIGHET SOM POLISMAN. UNDATED. Available online. In: https:// lagen.nu/2014:1104#R1. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

BILAS, Andrew. 2016. Law enforcement of EU countries: a comparative legal study. Kyiv, Ukraine.

CABINET OF MINISTERS OF UKRAINE. 2015. On Approval Of The Regulation On The National Police: Resolution of the of October 28, 2015 № 877 // Official Gazette of Ukraine. - 2015. - № 89. - Art. 2971.

CHETVERIKOV, Bladislav. 1997. Fundamentals of management in law- enforcement bodies. Moscow, Russia.

DECLARATION ON THE POLICE: RESOLUTION № 690. 1979. Of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 08.05.1979. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Available online. In: https://zakon.rada. gov.ua/laws/show/ 994_803. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

DISPOSITION OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS ON THE MATTER OF OXIDATION OF CASES AND OF MEANS AND METHODS OF USE BY THE POLICE OF MEANS OF COERCION DIRECTLY FROM THE DAY of 17 September 1990. In: Constituent Diary. 1990. Vol. 70. P. 410.

FRENCH LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES. Available online. In: http:// polis.osce.org/countries/details?item_id=24&lang=ru#np Общая_ информация. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

HAMULA, Pavlo. 2015. Law enforcement agencies in the system of public authorities. Kharkiv, Ukraine.

ILNYTSKY, Vladimir. 2016. “European experience of legal regulation of administrative and procedural activities of the National Police” In: A young scientist. Vol. 39, No. 12, pp. 581–586.

IN EUROPE, Ukraine was advised not to play with the rules. Ukrainian Truth. Available online. In: http://www.pravda.com.ua/ news/2010/03/31/4902299/. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

KALAYANOV, Dmitry. 2010. EU police and the use of its experience in the administrative activities of internal affairs bodies of Ukraine: theory and practice. Kyiv, Ukraine.

KALAYANOV, Dmitry. 2015. “Legal regulation of police activities in European countries” In: South Ukrainian Law Journal. Vip. 1-2015, pp. 34-36.

LAW OF UKRAINE. 2015. “On The National Police” № 580-VIII. Database «Legislation of Ukraine» / Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Available online. In: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/580-19. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

LAW ON THE POLICE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC. 2008. Available online. In: https://www.zakonyprolidi.cz/cs/2008-27. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

LUCHIN, Victor; VASILEVICH, Grigory; PRUDNIKOV, Anatoly. 2012. Constitutional law of foreign countries. Textbook for universities. Moscow, Russia.

MAWBY, Rob. 1999. Policing Across the World: Issues for the Twentyfirst Century. London. New York, USA.
MEDVEDEV, Alexander. 2014. “Directions of reforming law enforcement agencies” In: Law and society. Vol. 1-2, pp. 140-145.

NEGODCHENKO, Alexander. 2003. Organizational and legal bases of activity of law-enforcement bodies concerning maintenance of the rights and freedoms of the person: monograph. Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.

OKUNKOV, Leonid. 1997. Constitutions of the European Union. Moscow, Russia.

ON APPROVAL OF THE REGULATION ON THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS. 2015. Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of 28.10.2015. Database «Legislation of Ukraine» / The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Available online. In: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/878-2015-p. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

ON THE SYMBOLS OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE. 2015. Decree of the President of Ukraine of December 9, 2015 № 692/2015. Official Gazette of Ukraine. 2015. № 99. Art. 3389.

POLICE CONSTITUTION. Available online. In: https://ustawaopolicji24.pl. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

POLICE IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. UNDATED. Available Online. In: https:// www.megatour.cz/news/poleznoje/policiya-v-chexii/. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

POLISLAG (1984: 387). Available online. In: https://www.riksdagen. se/sv/dokument-lagar/dokument/svenskforfattningssamling/ polislag-1984387_sfs-1984-387. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

POLITSEISEADUS. UNDATED. Available online. In: https://www.riigiteataja. ee/akt/1027499. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

PRONEVYCH, Alexey. 2011. Organizational and legal principles of the police (police) of Germany, Poland and Ukraine: a comparative legal analysis). Kharkiv, Ukraine.

PYKHTIN, Mykola. 2009. Organizational and legal bases of Swedish police activity (comparative legal analysis). Kyiv, Ukraine.

RECOMMENDATIONS REC. 2001. 10 of the Committee of Ministers to member states of the Council of Europe (On the European Code of Police Ethics (Approved by the Committee of Ministers on 19 September 2001 at the 765th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies) // Center for Political and Legal Reforms: website. Available online. In: http://pravo.org.ua/ files / Criminal% 20justice / rec1.pdf. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.

RUDOY, Katerina. 2004. Adaptation of the administrative legislation of Ukraine in the field of protection of personal rights of citizens to the norms of the European Union. Kharkiv, Ukraine.

SELIVANOV, Vladimir. 1997. Methodological problems of introduction of constitutional principles «rule of law» and «rule of law». Law of Ukraine. Irpen, Ukraine.

SHEMSHUCHENKO, Yuriy. 2007. Large encyclopedic legal dictionary. LLC «Legal Thought Publishing House». Kyiv, Ukraine.

SICHKAR, Victor. 2007. Using the experience of the police of foreign countries in the activities of the police of Ukraine to ensure human rights and freedoms (organizational and legal aspect). Irpen, Ukraine.

THE CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE. 1996. № 254k / 96-VR. Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 1996. № 30.

TÖRVÉNYA RENDŐRSÉGRŐL. 1994. évi XXXIV. Available online. In: https://net.jogtar.hu/jogszabaly?docid= 99400034.TV. Consultation date: 28/09/2021.
Publicado
2022-02-18
Cómo citar
Pendiura, M., Pylypenko, S., Serbina, N., Pluhatyr, M., & Tovpyha, L. (2022). Legal regulation of the police: international aspects: Regulación legal de la policía: aspectos internacionales. Cuestiones Políticas, 40(72), 125-144. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4072.07
Sección
Derecho Público