Linguistic approaches and modern communication technologies in political discourses in Europe and the USA (contrastive aspect)

Palabras clave: discurso político, comunicación política, tecnologías de la comunicación, enfoques lingüísticos, política comparada

Resumen

En este estudio, analizamos el discurso político de Estados Unidos y Europa en términos de enfoques lingüísticos. Entre los métodos que utilizamos se encuentran el sistémico, estructural, funcional, análisis de contenido, análisis del discurso y método de tesauro. Su aplicación tuvo lugar dentro de la teoría del discurso. El estudio encontró que la principal diferencia entre los discursos políticos de Europa y Estados Unidos son las formas y medios de comunicación, los formatos de su distribución y los indicadores masivos de inclusión de la población (receptora del discurso político) en la interacción comunicativa. La diferencia es también la centralización y los niveles en los que se desarrolla el discurso. Por ejemplo, el enfoque de la retórica política en la institución de la presidencia de Estados Unidos hace que el discurso presidencial sea un reflejo de la opinión pública. Esto no es típico de los países europeos, ya que el pluralismo de opinión está muy extendido allí, la comunicación tiene lugar a nivel local, regional, nacional y supranacional. Además, la identidad europea está en proceso de formación. Sin embargo, ambos discursos tienen en común el compromiso con los valores de la democracia, pero se manifiestan de manera diferente.

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Biografía del autor/a

Nataliia Shkvorchenko, International Humanitarian University

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Romano-Germanic Philology and Methods of Teaching Foreign Languages, International Humanitarian University, Odesa, Ukraine.

Irina Cherniaieva, Odesa National Music Academy named after A. V. Nezhdanova

Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor, Vice-Rector for Scientific and Pedagogical, Organizational and Educational Work and International Relations of the Odesa National Music Academy named after A. V. Nezhdanova, Ukraine. Vicerector.

Nataliya Petlyuchenko, Odesa National Music Academy named after A. V. Nezhdanova

Doctor of Philology, Professor, Head of the Department of Foreign Languages of the Odesa National Music Academy named after A. V. Nezhdanova, Ukraine.

Citas

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Publicado
2021-10-10
Cómo citar
Shkvorchenko, N., Cherniaieva, I., & Petlyuchenko, N. (2021). Linguistic approaches and modern communication technologies in political discourses in Europe and the USA (contrastive aspect). Cuestiones Políticas, 39(70), 815-831. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.49
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