Legal aspects of cryptocurrency’s circulation: international experience and possibilities of its application in Ukraine

Palabras clave: criptomoneda, regulación legal, experiencia internacional, apoyo legislativo, política de Estado

Resumen

Con base a metodología científica de tipo documental se analizan los aspectos legales de la circulación de criptomonedas en Ucrania y otros países del mundo. Se demuestra la relación entre el nivel de desarrollo económico del estado y el nivel de su interés en las criptomonedas. En particular, se demostró que casi todos los estados exitosos pueden crear e implementar su propia criptomoneda. Además, se señaló cuán importante es hoy en día el tema de elegir la forma adecuada de regulación legal de la industria de la criptomoneda. Por ejemplo, muchos investigadores y expertos han enfatizado que se debe llegar a una especie de compromiso en cuestiones relacionadas con la regulación legal de las criptomonedas. Por lo tanto, se concluye que esto se aplica tanto a la esfera del derecho interno e internacional, donde debe prevalecer la claridad, la transparencia y la falta de ambigüedad de las normas jurídicas. Con respecto a esto último, se aclara que las criptomonedas ya no deberían existir como una fuente de ingresos en la sombra para las personas no identificadas. En cambio, deberían ser completamente prohibidos y eliminados tanto en el campo económico como legal, o deberían legalizarse y regularse por la legislación vigente.

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Biografía del autor/a

Mykola Karchevskyi

Doctor of Law, Professor, First Vice-Rector, Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs named after E. Didorenko. Ukraine.

Artem Kovalenko, Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs named after E. Didorenko

PhD in Law, Associate Professor in the Chair of Criminal-Law Disciplines, Luhansk State University of Internal Affairs named after E. Didorenko. Ukraine.

Anatolii Matviichuk

Doctor of Science of Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Justice Faculty of Law, Institute of Management, Technology and Law, State University of Infrastructure and Technology. Ukraine.

Mykhailo Volodymyrovych Zavalnyi , Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs

Doctor of Jurisprudence, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative Law and Process of the Faculty No. 1, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs. Ukraine.

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Publicado
2021-10-01
Cómo citar
Karchevskyi , M., Kovalenko, A., Matviichuk, A., & Zavalnyi , M. V. (2021). Legal aspects of cryptocurrency’s circulation: international experience and possibilities of its application in Ukraine. Cuestiones Políticas, 39(70), 153-164. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.09
Sección
Derecho Público