Current Trends in the Development of International Terrorism: A Current Understanding of the Problem

  • Ivo Svoboda Ambis-Vysokáškola
  • Tymur O. Loskutov Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
  • Oleksandra B. Severinova Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
  • Andriy O. Shulha Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
  • Olha M. Peresada Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
Palabras clave: terrorismo internacional, extremismo político, periodización, conflictos civiles, acciones asimétricas

Resumen

El estudio examina el desarrollo del terrorismo internacional y el problema de su definición. En consecuencia, el objetivo del estudio fue generar una visión sistémica del terrorismo internacional e identificar las tendencias actuales en su desarrollo. Se utilizó un análisis estructural y funcional del terrorismo internacional como fenómeno político. Sobre la base del modelo analítico proporcionado, el desarrollo del terrorismo internacional se dividió en períodos sobre la base de la zonificación política y geográfica. Tres principios consistentes determinan las características clave del terrorismo internacional como estrategia racional de lucha política no convencional: la transición a acciones asimétricas, ataques a objetos simbólicos, e influir en la opinión pública como objetivo principal. Esta tríada de características vinculadas a un modelo del proceso político define la existencia del terrorismo internacional como un fenómeno y proporciona una clave para comprender su dinámica. Se concluye que hay cuatro períodos en el desarrollo del terrorismo internacional, divididos en dos ciclos con puntos de ruptura, fases ascendentes y descendentes. La periodización propuesta del desarrollo del terrorismo internacional se basa en la identificación de los centros como zonas político-geográficas, donde se configuran las contradicciones y la lucha política que es parte de la lógica de la estrategia terrorista.

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Biografía del autor/a

Ivo Svoboda, Ambis-Vysokáškola

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0941-4686

Associate Professor, Guarantor of Security Management Studies, Ambis-Vysokáškola, Praha, Czech Republic.

Tymur O. Loskutov, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2686-9201

Doctor of Law, Professor, Department of Organization of Pre-trial Investigation of Kryvyi Rih Educational and Scientific Institute, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine.

Oleksandra B. Severinova, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3013-9815

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Department of State and Legal Disciplines and Public Administration, Faculty #3, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Mariupol, Ukraine. 

Andriy O. Shulha, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5524-5433

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Department of State and Legal Disciplines and Public Administration, Faculty #3, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Mariupol, Ukraine.

Olha M. Peresada, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7199-1938

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Head of Department of State and Legal Disciplines and Public Administration, Faculty #3, Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Mariupol, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2021-07-15
Cómo citar
Svoboda, I., Loskutov, T. O., Severinova, O. B., Shulha, A. O., & Peresada, O. M. (2021). Current Trends in the Development of International Terrorism: A Current Understanding of the Problem. Cuestiones Políticas, 39(69), 581-604. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3969.36
Sección
Derecho Público