Digital Objects: The Legal Peculiarities, the Role and Prospects of Use

  • Timur Giorgievich Okriashvili Kazan Federal University
  • Voronin Maksim Valer'evich Moscow state University
  • Albert Valentinovich Pavlyuk Moscow State Institute of International Relations
  • Elena Anatolyevna Kirillova Russian Federation Southwest State University
Palabras clave: digital objects, smart contract, blockchain technology, digital resources, Digital.


Digital assets are increasingly used in civil invoicing, which requires the development and unification of legal standards in the field of the creation and use of digital assets. The main objective of this study is to define digital assets as a legal category and precisely characteristics for the digital objects of other civil objects according to identifications. Methods of analysis of legal standards, collection and study of individual facts, statistical methods, scientific abstraction methods and methods of representation of the archives were used. The study that digital objects are an independent legal category, which is an intangible digital asset that can only be created with the help of modern technologies, my that ownership of digital objects arises from the moment of verification with a verification with a code and the realization of a digital input. in a special transaction log. For the right of inheritance of digital objects, it is necessary to implement a verification of holder verification and identification of digital objects during their creation and disposal.

Biografía del autor/a

Timur Giorgievich Okriashvili, Kazan Federal University
PhD in jurisprudence, Associate professor at the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Kazan Federal University, aud. 305a, 18 Kremlyovskaya St. Kazan, 420008.
Voronin Maksim Valer'evich, Moscow state University
Associate professor at the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Kazan Federal University, Ph. D., associate Professor of the Department of theory of State and law and political science, Moscow state University, 1, p. 13, Leninskie Gory micro district, Moscow.
Albert Valentinovich Pavlyuk, Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Candidate of legal sciences (PhD in Law), Associate Professor, Deputy Head of the Department of Public Administration and Law; Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Elena Anatolyevna Kirillova, Russian Federation Southwest State University
Candidate of legal Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of civil law, Russian Federation Southwest State University, ul. 50 let Oktyabrya, 94, Kursk, 305040.


BANTA, Natalie. 2017. Property Interests in Digital Assets: The Rise of Digital Feudalism. 38 Cardozo L. Rev. 1099. Available online. In: Consultation date: 02/08/19.

BLANKE, Tobias. 2014. Digital Asset Ecosystems. Rethinking Crowds and Clouds. A volume in Chandos Information Professional Series. Chandos Publishing. Cambridge, UK.

BRAINARD, Lael. 2018. Cryptocurrencies, Digital Currencies, and Distributed Ledger Technologies: What Are We Learning. In Governor Lael Brainard at The Decoding Digital Currency Conference Sponsored by The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Presentation, San Francisco, CA, USA, May (Vol. 15).

CERRILLO-I-MARTÍNEZ, Agustí. 2018. “How do we provide the digital footprint with eternal rest? Some criteria for legislation regulating digital wills” In: Computer Law & Security Review. Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 1119-1130.

CLINTON, Dany; HUMPHREY, Thomas; TOLLEFSON, Jeff; DAVID, Krie. 2010. “Digital Asset Management” In: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America. Vol. 18, No. 2, 335-340.

CORBET, Shaen; LARKIN, Charles; LUCEY, Brian; MEEGAN, Andrew; YAROVAYA, Larisa. 2020. “Cryptocurrency reaction to FOMC Announcements: Evidence of heterogeneity based on blockchain stack position” In: Journal of Financial Stability. Vol. 46.

CORBET, Shaen; LUCEY, Brian; URQUHART, Andrew; YAROVAYA, Larisa. 2019. “Cryptocurrencies as a financial asset: A systematic analysis” In: International Review of Financial Analysis. Vol. 62, pp. 182-199.

DE PAMPHILIS, Donald. 2019. Chapter 11: Structuring the Deal: Payment and Legal Considerations. Mergers, Acquisitions, and Other Restructuring Activities (Tenth Edition). Academic Press. Massachusetts, United States.

HALLAHAN, Kirk. 2004. “Protecting an organization’s digital public relations assets” In: Public Relations Review. Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 255-268.

JEROME ORJI, Uchenna. 2019. “An inquiry into the legal status of the ECOWAS cybercrime directive and the implications of its obligations for member states” In: Computer Law & Security Review. Vol. 35, No. 6.

KHANBOUBI, Fadoua; BOULMAKOUL, Azedine; TABAA, Mohamed. 2019. “Impact of digital trends using IoT on banking processes” In: Procedia Computer Science. Vol. 151, pp. 77-84.

KIRILLOVA, Elena; PAVLYUK, Albert; MIKHEYEV, Alexander. 2019. “Online contractual process: Status and technology” In: International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering. Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 2234-2240.

KUTAY, Stephen. 2014. “Advancing Digital Repository Services for Faculty Primary Research Assets: An Exploratory Study” In: The Journal of Academic Librarianship. Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 642-649.

MCKINNON, Laura. 2011. “Planning for the succession of digital assets” In: Computer Law & Security Review. Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 362-367.

NEUBIG, Thomas; WUNSCH-VINCENT, Sacha. 2018. “Tax distortions in cross-border flows of intangible assets” In: International Journal of Innovation Studies. Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 101-121.

POLETYKIN, Aleksei Grigor'evich; PROMYSLOV, Vitalii Georgievich. 2013. “Digitally Controlled Assets Subjected to Cyberattacks: Definitions and “Cyberproof” Criteria Based on the Analysis of Explicit and Hidden Functions” In: IFAC Proceedings Volumes. Vol. 46, No. 9, pp. 1038-1042.

RUAN, Keyun. 2019. Chapter 1: Digital Assets as Economic Goods. Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Management. Academic Press. Massachusetts, United States.

SULLIVAN, Clare. 2018. “Digital identity – From emergent legal concept to new reality” In: Computer Law & Security Review. Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 723-731.

VAN DIJCK, José. 2019. Governing digital societies: Private platforms, public values. Computer Law & Security Review, in press, corrected proof. Available online. In: Consultation date: 02/08/19.

VIJAYAKUMAR, Sudaroli. 2020. Chapter Eleven: Digital twin in consumer choice modeling. Advances in Computers. Chandos Publishing. Cambridge, UK.