Foreign policy factor in State-Church relations in the Soviet Union during World War II and early post-war
The objective of the research was to study Russian State and Orthodox church relations in the context of world war II and the early post-war years. The line of this article is due to the important role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the history, modern political and cultural life of Russia. In this sense, the period of State-Church relations in the USSR during world war II, known in Russia as a great patriotic war, is of great scientific interest because it was the time when the government was forced to make adjustments to its religion policy. Methodologically based on a wide range of documentary sources, the authors of the article have identified the place and role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the foreign policy of the USSR during the approach. In this sense, it is felt that the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in building relations with the allies of the anti-Hitler coalition and its place in the expansion of the Soviet political system in Eastern Europe was of paramount importance as a foreign policy factor.
AKHMEROV, Zerina. 1962. To educate atheists. From the experience of the schools of the TASSR. Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR. Moscow, Russia.
AKHUNZYANOV, Tatuya. 1977. “The subject of special attention” In: Science and religion. Vol. 4, pp. 35-38.
ANDERSON, John. 1994. Religion, State and Politics in the Soviet Union and Successor States. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK.
BALTANOV, Ravil Gubaidullovich. 1974. The main problems of a concrete sociological analysis of religion and atheism in the USSR: Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Kazan State University. Kazan, Russia.
BRASLAVSKY, Lido Yu. 1995. Orthodox churches of Chuvashia. Chuvash Book Publishing House. Cheboksary, Russia.
FAZLIEV, Aivaz. 2016. “Church-state relations in conditions of social and political transformation of Russia (by the example of Tatarstan)” In: Man in India. Vol. 96, No. 3, pp. 763-770.
GARBETT, Sandra. 1943. What I saw in the USSR. “British Ally”, October 31. P.8. Moscow, Russia.
GORDIENKO, Nevada; KUROCHKIN, Pavel Konstantinovich. 1980. “The main features of the evolution of religion and the church in a socialist society” In: Questions of scientific atheism. Vol. 25, pp. 223-243
HUSBAND, William B. 2000. “Godless Communists”: Atheism and Society in Soviet Russia, 1917-1932” DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press. Illinois, United States.
KALAGANOV, Andre. 1981. “On the attitude of the CPSU and the Soviet state towards religion and the church” In: Agitator's Notebook. Vol. 8, pp. 16-19.
MUKHIN, Vladimir; DAVYDOV, Denis; FEDOROVA, Natalia. 2018. “Repressions, Economic Pressure and Survival Strategies of the Orthodox Clergy in Kazan Diocese in the 1930s” In: Gosudarstvo Religiya Tserkov v Rossii i za Rubezhom, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 102-120 (Q1).
NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN. 2015. Fund R-873. Inventory 1. Case 2. Sheet 18.
ODINTSOV, Mikhail. 1994. State and church in Russia: XX century. M.: Luch. Cheboksary, Russia.
ODINTSOV, Mikhail. 1995. “Religious organizations in the USSR: on the eve of and in the first years of World War II (1938-1943)” In: Domestic archives. Vol. 2, pp. 65-67.
PERIS, Daniel. 1998. Storming the Heavens: The Soviet League of the Militant Godless. Cornell University Press. New York, United States.
PIPES, Richard. 1994. Russia Under the Bolshevik Regime. Alfred A. Knopf. Samara, Russia.
POSPELOVSKY, David. 1995. Russian Orthodox Church in the XX century. - M.: Republic. Moscow, Russia.
POSPELOVSKY, David. 2000. How Stalin revived the church. Nezavisimaya Gazeta. Moscow, Russia.
POWER AND THE CHURCH IN EASTERN EUROPE. 2009. 1944-1953 Documents of the Russian archives: in 2 volumes. Vol.1. - M.: Russian Political Encyclopedia (ROSSPEN), 22-27.
RAMET, Sabrina. 1993. Religious Policy in the Soviet Union. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK.
SHKAROVSKY, Mikhail. 2000. Russian Orthodox Church under Stalin and Khrushchev. (State-church relations in the USSR in 1939-1964). Moscow, Russia.
YAKUNIN, Venda. 2002. Russian Orthodox Church during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945: historiography and source study of the problem. Salv. Samara, Russia.
YUNUSOVA, Aislu B. 1999. Islam in Bashkortostan. Ufa. Moscow, Russia.