Identifying the Mental Model of the Managers of Melli Bank Regarding Quantum Leadership using Q-methodology

  • Ghasem Shariatikia Islamic Azad University
  • Malikeh Beheshtifar Islamic Azad University
  • Mohammad Montazeri Payam Noor University
  • Hossein Kazemi Vali-e-Asr University
Palabras clave: Melli Bank, leadership typology, intellectual model, , Q methodology, quantum leadership.


At Bank Melli Iran, which is the site of research, there are different opinions and views on quantum leadership, each of which is representing a specific intellectual model on the subject. These diverse opinions form a space for discourse. This study will identify this discursive space in detail and also analyze it in order to reveal organizational models to present strategies to plan the improvement of Bank Melli's policies and plans. The methodology used in this research is Q-sort or Q-methodology. This methodology was able to reveal several courses in the speech forum. Studying discursive space, 74 factors were detected. In analyzing these propositions, finally, 59 factors formalized Q expressions. These propositions that form the Q order, were written by paras on 59 cards. A sample of Bank Melli managers was then selected using Q-sort arrange for these cards on the Q-chart using defined instructions. In interpreting and the results obtained, three large models were identified including the ambassadors of change, the pioneers of protection and the drivers of stability.

Biografía del autor/a

Ghasem Shariatikia, Islamic Azad University
PhD Student, Department of Management, Rafsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University
Malikeh Beheshtifar, Islamic Azad University
Associate Professor, Department of Management, Rafsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University
Mohammad Montazeri, Payam Noor University
Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Payam Noor University
Hossein Kazemi, Vali-e-Asr University
Assistant Professor, Management and economic Department, Vali-e-Asr University


AFJEH, Saa; HAMZEHPOUR, Michea. 2014. “A Comprehensive Approach to Quantum Leadership Theory and its Applications in the Organization” In: Strategic Management Thought. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 161-204.

AGABABYI, Raziye; HOVEYDA, Reza; RAJAYIPOUR, Saeid. 2013. “The Relationship between Positivist Leadership Strategies and the Components of Quantum Organization” In: Education Strategies in Medical Science. Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 200-208.

AZIMI SANAVI, Babak; RAZAVI, Seyed Mohammad Hosein. 2014. “The Relationship between the Level of Familiarity and the Use of Quantum Skills of Management in Sports Organizations” In: The Journal of Sports Management. Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 613-625.

SHELTON, Charlotte K; DARLING, Lohn R. 2001. “The quantum skills model in management: a new paradigm to enhance effective leadership” In: Leadership & organization development journal. Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 264-273.

DARGAHI, Helen, 2013. “Quantum Leadership, The Implication for Iranian Nursing Leaders” In: Acta Madica Iranica. Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 411-417.

DEARDORFF, Dale S; WILLIAMS, Greg. 2006. “Synergy leadership in quantum organization” Available online. Is: Date of consulting: 12/03/2019.

DOUGLAS, Thomas J; FREDENDALL, Lawrence D. 2008. “The evolving theory of quality management: The role of Six Sigma” In: Journal of Operations Management. Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 630-650.

FARIBORZ, Mohammad Hadi. 2011. “Quantum Paradigm in Management Science” In: Organizational Culture Management Quarterly. Vol. 9, No. 23, pp. 71-94.

FRIS, Joe; LAZARIDOU, Angeliki. 2006. “An Additional Way of Thinking About Organizational Life and Leadership: The Quantum Perspective” In: Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy. Vol. 48, No. 5, pp. 1-29.

GANBARI, Sirous; MORADI, Ali. 2014. “The Relationship between Quantum Skills of Managers and Employee’s Readiness for Organizational Change” In: Sports Leadership and Management Quarterly. Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 87-109.

GHAED AMINI HAROUNI, Abbas; EBRAHIMZADEH DASTJERDI, Reza; SADEGHI DEH CHESHMEH, Mehrdad; SADEGHZADEH, Nazanin. 2018. “The Impact of Quantum Leadership on Commitment to Change through the Quality of Communication Perceived of Change and Readiness for Change” In: Leadership and Management Research Educational. Vol 4, No. 15, pp. 152-176.

GHOBADI, Majid; ZOLFAGHARI ZAFARANI, Rashid; KALANTARI, Mehdi. 2019. “Presenting a Perceptual Framework for Institutionalizing the Competence of Managers in Bank Melli Iran” In: A New Approach in Educational Management, Vol. 37; No.1, pp. 74-88.

GUMMESSON, Evert. 2006. “Qualitative research in management: addressing complexity, context and persona” In: Management Decision. Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 167-179.

GUPTA, Atul; MCDANIEL, Jason C; HERATH, Kanthi. 2005. “Quality management in service firms: sustaining structures of total quality service” In: Managing Service Quality: An International Journal. Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 389-402.

HARIS, Ikhfan, A; AFDALIAH, Andi Budiman; HARIS, Khairul. 2016. “Exploring Quantum perspective in School Leadership: A Review of Effective Principal Leadership in the Changing Nature of School Management” In: International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies ISSN 2409-1294 (Print). Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 112-123.

LAZARIDOU, Angeliki; FRIS, Joe. 2006. “An Additional Way of Thinking About Organizational Life and Leadership: The Quantum Perspective” In: Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy. Vol. 48, No. 5, pp. 1-29.

MANOUCHEHRI, Hooman; SHAHAB LAVASANI, Fariba; ATASHZADEH SHOURIDEH, Foroozan; AKBARZADEH BAGHBAN, Ali Reza. 2017. “The Relationship between Leadership Style and Perceived Organizational Justice among Nurses” In: Nursing Management Quarterly. Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 62-71.

MOKHTARI NOURI, Jamileh; KHADEM AL-HOSSEINI, Mojtaba. 2008. “The Application of Quantum Model in Nursing Leadership” In: Advances in Nursing and Midwifery. Vol. 18, No. 61, pp. 55-63.

MOLLAYINEJAD, Azam. 2016. “School and Quantum Leadership” In: The Journal of School Management. Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 50-55.

MONTES, Fracisco Javier Lloréns; MORENO, Alexandra; MORALES, Victor Garcıa. 2005. Influence of support leadership and teamwork cohesion on organizational learning, innovation and performance: an empirical examination. Available online. In: Consultation date: 14/11/2019.

MUNDIRI, Akmal; WIJHI NINGTIAS, Renita. 2015. “Quantum Leadership Of Teachers In Improving The Quality Of Education Based On Pesantren” In: Journal Pendidikan Islam. Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 01-33.

ŞENSES, Berrin; TEMOÇIN, Pınar. 2016. An Interdisciplinary Study: Quantum Leadership and Hybrid Leadership, International Symposium on Chaos. Complexity and Leadership, ICCLS 2016: Chaos, Complexity and Leadership, pp. 547-559.

SHELTON, Charlotte K; DARLING, John R. 1999. “The quantum skills model in management: a new paradigm to enhance effective leadership” Leadership & Organization Development Journal. Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 264-273.

SHINEBOURNE, Pnina; ADAMS, Martin. 2007. “Q-Methodology as a Phenomenological” In: Research Method. Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 93-97.

STACEY, Ralph D; GRIFFIN, Douglas; SHAW, Patricia. 2000. Complexity & Management: Fad or radical challenge to systems thinking?. UK, Rutledge, London.

STUMPF, Stephen A. 1995. “Applying new science theories in leadership development activities” In: Journal of Management Development. Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 39-49.

TAVAKOLI, Abbas; MOHAMMADI, Ali; KHODAEI, Amin. 2017. “Kontomi leadership why what and how” In: Quarterly Journal of Organizational Behavior Studies. Vol. 6, No. 1) (Serial No. 21), pp. 33-56.

VAN EXEL, Job; DE GRAAF, Gjalt. 2005. Q methodology: A sneak preview. Available online. In: Consultation date: 28/04/2019.

WALUMBWA, Fred O; LAWLER, John J; AVOLIO, Bruce J. 2007. “Leadership, Individual Differences, and Work‐related Attitudes: A Cross‐Culture Investigation” In: Applied Psychology. No. 56, pp. 212-230.

YAZDANI NESHAT, Arazm. 2010. Designing Work Motivation of the Staff of Iranian Offshore Oil Company (Unpublished master’s thesis). The Faculty of Management and Accounting, Payame Noor University. Teheran, Iran.

ZOHAR, Dov. 1998. “Changing the thinking behind our thinking” In: Journal of Management Review. Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 56-58.