Christian interpretation of anthropological guidelines for lawmaking

  • Nesprava Mykola Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs
  • Rizak Mykhailo Leading Researcher of the Scientific Institute of Public Law
  • Volkov Vladlen Scientific Institute of Public Law
  • Oksana Voluiko National Academy of Internal Affairs
  • Yevhenii Skrypa the National Academy of Internal Affairs
Palabras clave: image of the human person, Christian doctrine, legal theology, Christian spirituality, human creation, law.

Resumen

The objective of the article is to reveal the main foundations of human creation enshrined in Christian doctrine, which serve as axiological guidelines for the elaboration of laws, providing a humanistic content of the law. The research methodology is based on dialectical, formal-dogmatic, sociological, comparative-legal and documentary methods. The results of the study demonstrate that theocentrism and anthropocentrism are not opposed to each other in Christianity, but rather are combined into an integrated theological and anthropological picture of a man. Considering this prism of legal consciousness as a reflection of the supreme law of God, the authors refute the secular-positivist view of "homo juridicus" as a soulless subject of law and emphasize the role of the Gospel commandments as a guide. for the elaboration of laws. It is concluded that the Christian vision of the synergistic interaction of the human being and the legislator through the unity of three incarnations: "homo spiritus" - "homo sapiens" - "homo juridicus" indicates the values, which are designed to ensure humanization of the law through the humanization of social relations in general.

Biografía del autor/a

Nesprava Mykola, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs
Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of International Relations and Tourism of Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs.
Rizak Mykhailo, Leading Researcher of the Scientific Institute of Public Law
Doctor of Law, Leading Researcher of the Scientific Institute of Public Law
Volkov Vladlen, Scientific Institute of Public Law
Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Research Fellow of the Scientific Institute of Public Law.
Oksana Voluiko, National Academy of Internal Affairs
PhD in Law, Lecturer at the Department of Legal Psychology of the National Academy of Internal Affairs.
Yevhenii Skrypa, the National Academy of Internal Affairs
Doctor of Law, Principal Researcher of the Research Laboratory for Preventive Activities and Prevention of Corruption of the Educational and Scientific Institute №3 of the National Academy of Internal Affairs.

Citas

BANDURA, Oleh. 2015. “Axiology of law as a component of the philosophy of law” In: Philosophical and methodological problems of law. No 1-2, pp. 45 - 56.

BANDURA, Oleh. 2016. “Ontology of law as a component of the philosophy of law (some considerations)” In: Philosophical and methodological problems of law. No. 2, pp. 55- 66.

CC BY EUROPEAN VALUES. 2016. Definition of the most basic European Values and their significance for our modern society. Available online. In: http://europaeischewerte.info/fileadmin/templates/Documents/ewdef_en.pdf. Date of consultation: 27/08/2020.

DAMASKIN, Ioann. 2009. An Accurate Statement of the Orthodox Faith. Osnovy. Moscow, Russia.

ELLIOTT, Peter. 2018. “The Human Person: An Introduction to Christian Anthropology” In: To Know, Worship & Love (KWL). Available online. In: https://www.kwl.com.au/blog/liturgy/the-human-person-an-introduction-to-christian-anthropology/. Date of consultation: 27/08/2020.

FOUCAULT, Paul-Michel Foucault. 2003. L’archeologie du Savoir (translated from the French by Victor Shovkun). Osnovy. Kyiv, Ukraine.

ILYIN, Ivan. 1993. On the essence of legal consciousness. Rarog. Moscow, Russia.

KANT, Immanuel. 1995. Critique of pure reason. Nauka. Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

KHORUZHYI, Serhei. 1998. To the phenomenology of ascetic. Osnovy. Moscow, Russia.

LEVINAS, Emmanuel. 1997. Philosophy, Justice and Love (translated from the French by Oleksandr Dymko). Dukh i Litera. Kyiv, Ukraine.

MAKSYMOV, Serhii. 2009. Legal anthropology: the humanistic nature of law. Pravo. Kharkiv, Ukraine.

MARCHENKO, Oleksii. 2005. Searching for God as Man-Making: Philosophical and Personalistic Analysis of the Evolution of Religious and Ethical Thought in Ukraine. PhD Dissertation. Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.

MYKULANYNETS, Lesia. 2019. “Image of Human in the Postmodern Epoch” In: Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research. Available online. In: doi: 10.15802/ampr.v0i16.141904. Date of consultation: 27/08/2019.

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich. 2015. The Gay Science (translated from the German by Victor Toporov). Azbuka. Moscow, Russia.

NOVIK, Veniamin. 1999. Orthodoxy. Christianity. Democracy. Available online. In: http://www.gumer.info/bogoslov_Buks/ortodox/novik/index.php. Date of consultation: 29/08/2020.

OGNEVIUK, Hanna. 2018. “Anthropological Approaches in Legal Certainty” In: Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research. Available online. In: doi: 10.15812/ampr.v014.150750. Date of consultation: 27/08/2019.

PALAHUTA, Vadym, ZHAROVSKA, Iryna, KOVALCHUK, Vitaliy; SKLIAR, Anna. 2020. “Anthropological justification of the modern change of axiological determinants under the influence of religious factors” In: Amazonia Investiga. Vol. 9, No.31, pp. 64 -70.

PAVLOV, Valierii. 2016. Anthropological concept of law. Postclassical ontology of law. Aleteiia. Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

PREDKO, Olena. 2019. “Religious Faith: Existential-Antropological Meanings” In: Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research. Available online. In: doi: 10.15802/ampr.v0i16.186936. Date of consultation: 15/08/2019.

YURKEVYCH, Pamfil. 1990. Peace with a neighbor as the condition for Christian community (Proceedings of the Kiev Theological Academy, 1860). Pravda. Moscow, Russia.

Publicado
2020-10-25
Cómo citar
Mykola, N., Mykhailo, R., Vladlen, V., Voluiko, O., & Skrypa, Y. (2020). Christian interpretation of anthropological guidelines for lawmaking. Cuestiones Políticas, 38(66), 511-522. Recuperado a partir de https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/34343