Victimology: prevention of crimes against the life and health of a child
The objective of the article is to propose a renewed protection system for children in the prevention of crimes against life and health. The research methodology is based on the combination of dialectical, formal, dogmatic, sociological, comparative law and documentary methods. The results of the study contributed to the development of measures to guarantee the safety of the child, which means a set of legal, economic, organizational measures, which are carried out by the public powers and the administration, with the aim of neutralizing and preventing usurpation of the life and health of children in Ukraine. Organizational and legal measures have been implemented to improve the interaction of the National Police with the services of children and special institutions for children by carrying out joint activities to prevent and identify possible invasions into the life and health of the child. It is concluded that in order to determine the characteristics of the subject, namely, crimes against the life and health of the child, it is necessary to improve the legislation in the interaction of the actors to prevent this type of crime.
ABDULGAZIEV, Rustam, ZHUKOVA, Tatyana, SUKHORUKOVA, Anastasiya, MAMICHEV, Viktor, ARSHINOV, Albert & ALSULTANOV, Magomed. 2018. “Family welfare as a basis of fighting crime” In: Amazonia Investiga. Vol. 7, No. 17, pp. 143-149.
BARON, Robert; RICHARDSON, Deborah. 1994. Human Agreesion. Plenum. New York, United States.
DZHUZHA, Oleksandr; MOISEIEV, Yevhen. 1998. Problems of the victim of crime (criminological and psychological aspects): monograph. National Academy of Internal Affairs. Kyiv, Ukraine.
DZHUZHA, Oleksandr. 2015. Crime prevention: criminological and victimological paradigm: monograph. National Academy of Internal Affairs. Kyiv, Ukraine.
DZHUZHA, Oleksandr. 2017. Victimological principles of crime prevention in Ukraine: theory and practice: monograph. National Academy of Internal Affairs. Kyiv, Ukraine.
FATTAH, Ezzat. 1989. “The Child as Victim: Victimological Aspects of Child Abuse”. In: Fattah, E.A. (eds). The Plight of Crime Victims in Modern Society. Palgrave Macmillan. London, UK.
FRIEZE, Irene; HYMER, Sharon; GREENBERG, Martin. 1987. “Describing the crime victim: Psychological reactions to victimization” In: Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, No. 18 (4), pp. 299–315.
GIARBARLO, Carol. 1995. Exit counseling: A family interventions. American Family Foundation. Bonita Spring, United States.
LAW OF UKRAINE. 2001. Criminal Code of April 05, 2001 no. 2341-ІІІ. Available online. In: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14. Date of consultation: 27/05/2020.
LAW OF UKRAINE. 2002. Family Code of January 10, 2002 no. 2947-III. Available online. In: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2947-14#Text. Date of consultation: 27/05/2020.
MALKINA-PYKH, Irina. 2010. Victim’s psychology. Moskow: Eksmo.
MUSSAYEV, Daniyarbek. 2018. “Victimological Prevention of Crime against Life and Health” In: Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics. Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 1585 – 1591. Available online. In: https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/1718. Date of consultation: 27/05/2020.
PROSECUTOR GENERAL’S OFFICE OF UKRAINE. 2020. Statistical information on the registered criminal offenses and results of their pre-trial investigation. Official web-site of Prosecutor’s General Office of Ukraine. Available online. In: https://old.gp.gov.ua/ua/stst2011.html?dir_id=114140&libid=100820&c=edit&_c=fo. Date of consultation: 27/05/2020.
TULIAKOV, Viacheslav. 2000. Victimology: social and criminological problems. Legal Literature. Odesa, Ukraine.
WIND, Tiffany; SILVERN, Louise. 1992. “Type and extent of child abuse as predictors of adult functioning” In: Journal of Family Violence. No. 7, pp. 261–281.
ZELENYAK, Polina. 2018. “Characteristics of Persons Committing Violent Crimes against Children” In: Scientific Bulletin of the National Academy of Internal Affair. Vol. 109 No. 4, pp. 325–335.
ZELENYAK, Polina. 2019. Features of victimization of children from crimes against life and health. Presented at the interuniversity scientific and practical round table. Criminological theory and practice: experience, current problems and the ways to solve them. Kyiv, Ukraine.