Systemic approach to the choice of optical methods of forensic examination of micro-objects

  • Havryliuk Liudmyla Ministry Activities of State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine
  • Drozd Valentyna Ministry Activities of State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine
  • Nenia Olena State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine
  • Kyslyi Anatolii Institute named after the Prince Vladimir the Great of Interregional Academy of Personnel Management
  • Niebytov Andrii National Police in the Kiev region
Palabras clave: proceso penal, micro objetos, exámenes criminológicos, examen forense, métodos ópticos

Resumen

El objetivo del artículo es analizar las disposiciones teóricas y metodológicas relacionadas con la definición de direcciones y principios de implementación de un enfoque sistemático para el uso de métodos de investigación óptica, en particular micro objetos. El estudio aplica métodos de conocimiento científico tales como método dialéctico, método de sistema y estructural, método lógico y legal, métodos de análisis sistemático, método lógico. El artículo estudia las cuestiones problemáticas de un enfoque sistemático de la elección de métodos y medios científicos y técnicos para el examen de micro objetos. Los autores argumentan que los métodos ópticos del examen de micro objetos requieren una clasificación y sistematización con el fin de proporcionar una visión holística de sus potenciales, así como de la naturaleza de la información que se puede obtener sobre el objeto examinado. Se concluye que el análisis de las características de clasificación aclaradas y los requisitos para los métodos de examen en la ciencia forense permite proponer el algoritmo del enfoque sistémico para la creación de la clasificación de sistema abierto de métodos de examen de micro objetos y sacar conclusiones justificadas.

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Biografía del autor/a

Havryliuk Liudmyla, Ministry Activities of State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9441-4073

Senior Researcher of Research Laboratory of Problems of Legal and Organizational Support of the Ministry Activities of State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine, Candidate of Legal Sciences, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Drozd Valentyna, Ministry Activities of State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7687-7138

Head of the 3rd Research Department of Research Laboratory of Problems of Legal and Organizational Support of the Ministry Activities of State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine, Doctor of Law, Professor, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Nenia Olena, State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9721-5718

Head the Department, State Research Institute of the MIA of Ukraine, Candidate of Legal Sciences, Kyiv, Ukraine. ORCID ID:

Kyslyi Anatolii, Institute named after the Prince Vladimir the Great of Interregional Academy of Personnel Management

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4152-9539

Doctor of Law, Professor, Director of the Educational and Scientific Law Institute named after the Prince Vladimir the Great of Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine.

Niebytov Andrii, National Police in the Kiev region

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8493-3064

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Main Department of the National Police in the Kiev region, Ukraine.

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Publicado
2021-07-15
Cómo citar
Liudmyla, H., Valentyna, D., Olena, N., Anatolii, K., & Andrii, N. (2021). Systemic approach to the choice of optical methods of forensic examination of micro-objects. Cuestiones Políticas, 39(69), 564-580. https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3969.35
Sección
Derecho Público