Features of civil liability of police officers for damage caused under the influence of force majeure

  • Strelbytska Lilia National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine
  • Strelbytskyi Mykola National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine
  • Shemchuk Viktor V.I. Vernadsky Taurida National University
  • Rizak Mykhailo Leading Researcher of the Scientific Institute of Public Law, Ukraine.
  • Kulhavets Khrystyna Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies of Lviv, Ukraine
Palabras clave: force majeure, context of the case, police forces, civil liability, dismissal.

Resumen

The aim of the article is to analyze the characteristics of civil liability of Ukrainian police officers for damage caused under the influence of force majeure. At a methodological level to achieve the objectives of the article, the following scientific methods were combined: general (dialectical, formal-logical, system-structural) and special (historical, comparative-legal, etc.). Essentially, the concept of force majeure and its characteristics are studied, as well as two main theories of force majeure (objective and subjective). In addition, the main differences between force majeure and case are established. The types of force majeure circumstances and their particular properties are studied. By way of conclusion, the fact that police officers are exonerated from civil liability for causing damage under the influence of force majeure is discussed, if they can prove the effect of this influence. For the rest, given that Ukraine's jurisprudence on the exemption from civil liability of police officers due to force majeure is quite limited to formulating a precedent, it is based on the general rule that, in tort, the recognition that the damage was the result of accidental circumstances excludes the occurrence of liability for damages.

Biografía del autor/a

Strelbytska Lilia, National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine
Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Civil Law Disciplines of the National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine, Ukraine.
Strelbytskyi Mykola, National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine
Doctor of Law, Professor, Principal Reseacher of the National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine, Ukraine.
Shemchuk Viktor, V.I. Vernadsky Taurida National University
PhD in Law, Honoured Lawyer of Ukraine, Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional and International Law of V.I. Vernadsky Taurida National University, Ukraine.
Rizak Mykhailo, Leading Researcher of the Scientific Institute of Public Law, Ukraine.
Doctor of Law, Leading Researcher of the Scientific Institute of Public Law, Ukraine
Kulhavets Khrystyna, Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies of Lviv, Ukraine
PhD in Law, Senior Lecturer at the Law Department of the Veterinary Hygiene, Ecology and Law Faculty Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies of Lviv, Ukraine.

Citas

AUGENBLICK, Mark; ROUSSEAU, Alison. 2012. “Force Majeure in Tumultuous Times: Impracticability as the New Impossibility” In: The Journal of World Investment & Trade. Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 59-75.

BIELIAKOVA, Anna. 1967. Compensation for damage caused by a source of increased danger (Liability of owners of a source of increased danger). Publishing House of Moskow University. Moscow, Russia.

BRUNNER, Christoph. 2009. Force Majeure and Hardship Under General Contract Principles. Kluwer Law International. Netherlands.

HENKIN, Dmytryi. 1949. “Review of meetings of the civil law sector” In: Soviet State and Law. Vol. 5, No. 11, pp. 69-73.

KHARYTONOV, Yevhenii; STARTSEV, Oleksandr. 2007. Civil law of Ukraine: textbook. Istina. Kyiv, Ukraine.

KOKORIN, Ilya; VAN DER WEIDE, Jeroen. 2015. “Force Majeure and Unforeseen Change of Circumstances. The Case of Embargoes and Currency Fluctuations (Russian, German and French Approaches)” In Russian Law Journal. Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 46-82.

KRYZHANOVSKAIA, Alla. 2010. Civil liability for damage caused in connection with the use of complex software products: scientific practice. CONTRACT; Walters Clover. Moscow, Russia.

LAW OF UKRAINE. 1995. On the procedure for compensation for damage caused to a citizen by illegal actions of bodies conducting investigative activities, pre-trial investigation, prosecutor’s office and court of December 01, 1994 no. 266/94-VR. Available online. In: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/266/94-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text. Date of consultation: 17/04/2020.

LAW OF UKRAINE. 2003. Civil Code of January 16, 2003 no. 435-IV. Available online. In: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15. Date of consultation: 17/04/2020.

LEBEDEV, Vladymyr; NYTSEVYCH, Artur. 2007. “Irresistible force” In: Legal practice. No. 43, p. 513. Available online. In: http://pravo.ua/article.php?id=10008052. Date of consultation: 17/04/2020.

MATVIEIEV, Hennadyi. 1963. “On the concept of force majeure in Soviet civil law” In: Soviet State and Law, Vol. 3, No. 8, pp. 90-98.

NIEMTSEVA, Alina. 2014. “The grounds for release from innocent liability in civil law” In: Bulletin of the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine. Vol 1, Num. 1, pp. 78–85.

OVSIEIKO, Serhei. 2009. “Force majeure: the concept and reservations” In: Exchange Control and Foreign Trade Activities. Vol. 5, No. 5, pp. 62-79.

PAVLODSKYI, Efym. 1972. Case and force majeure in Soviet civil law. PhD. All-Union Research Institute of Soviet legislation.

PRYMAK, Volodymyr. 2008. “The signs of force majeure in civil liability” In: Legal Ukraine. Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 60 – 67.

REZNICHENKO, Semen; TSERKOVNA, Olena. 2009. The grounds for exemption from civil liability for damages: theory and practice: a monograph. ODUVS. Odesa, Ukraine.

SIROKHA, Dmytro; FELYK, Vasyl; PODOROZHNII, Yevhen; PODOROZHNII, Artek. 2020. “Basic aspects of the compliance with discipline and legitimacy within the official activities of police” In: Amazonia Investiga. Vol. 9, No. 25, pp. 487-492. Available online. In: https://www.amazoniainvestiga.info/index.php/amazonia/article/view/1098. Date of consultation: 17/04/2020.

Publicado
2020-10-25
Cómo citar
Lilia, S., Mykola, S., Viktor, S., Mykhailo, R., & Khrystyna, K. (2020). Features of civil liability of police officers for damage caused under the influence of force majeure. Cuestiones Políticas, 38(66), 371-382. Recuperado a partir de https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/34332