Power, Strength and Endurance of Volleyball Athlete Among Different Competition Levels.

  • NASUKA NASUKA University Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
  • ANIES SETIOWATI University Negeri Semarang, Indonesia
  • FITRI INDRAWATI University Negeri Semarang, Indonesia




Volleyball games require good motor skills and cardiorespiratory skills. Power, strength and endurance become very influential factors in performance and winning the match. This study aims to compare the power, strength and endurance of volleyball athlete among different levels of competition. The explosive power of the leg was measured by a vertical jump test, while explosive power of the arm was measured by a medic ball throw test; multistage fitness test was used to measure aerobic endurance capacities. We concluded that elite athlete, both senior and junior, have many differences from local athletes based on power, strength and endurance.



Los juegos de voleibol requieren buenas habilidades motoras y habilidades cardiorrespiratorias. El poder, la fuerza y la resistencia se convierten en factores muy influyentes en el rendimiento y en ganar el partido. Este estudio tiene como objetivo comparar el poder, la fuerza y la resistencia del atleta de voleibol entre los diferentes niveles de competencia. El poder explosivo de la pierna se midió mediante una prueba de saltos verticales, mientras que el poder explosivo del brazo se midió mediante una prueba medica de lanzamiento de balón; es decir, la prueba de condición física multietapa fue utilizada para medir las capacidades de resistencia aeróbica. Concluimos que los atletas de élite, tanto senior como junior, tienen muchas diferencias en comparación con los atletas locales en función de su potencia, fuerza y resistencia.


AHMAD, I., & AHMAD, S. (2018). “Multiple Skills and Medium Enterprises’ Performance in Punjab Pakistan: A Pilot Study”. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 7(4), 44-49.

AHMAD, I., & AHMAD, S. (2018). “Multiple Skills and Medium Enterprises’ Performance in Punjab Pakistan: A Pilot Study”. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 7(4), 44-49.

AHMAD, I., & AHMAD, S. (2019). “The Mediation Effect of Strategic Planning on The Relationship Between Business Skills and Firm’s Performance: Evidence from Medium Enterprises in Punjab, Pakistan”. Opcion, 35(24), 746-778.

AHMAD, I., SAHAR. (2019). “Waste Management Analysis From Economic Environment Sustainability Perspective”. International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research 8(12), 1540-1543.

ALCAZAR, J, GUADALUPE-GRAU, A, GARCÍA-GARCÍA, FJ & ALEGRE, LM (2018). “Skeletal Muscle Power Measurement in Older People: A Systematic Review of Testing Protocols and Adverse Events”. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 73 (7), pp.914–924, https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glx216.

ANNÍA GONZÁLEZ, M., VILLALOBOS ANTÚNEZ, J., RAMÍREZ MOLINA, R & RAMOS MARTÍNEZ, Y (2019). “Capacidades dinámicas frente a la incertidumbre: una mirada desde la gestión universitaria”. Revista Venezolana de Gerencia (RVG), 24(88), pp. 1357-1372.

CHOLEWA, JM, NEWMIRE, DE & ZANCHI, NE (2019). “Carbohydrate restriction: Friend or foe of resistance-based exercise performance?” Nutrition, 60(12), pp.136–146.

FORTHOMME, B, CROISIER, J, CICCARONE, G, CRIELAARD, J & CLOES, M (2005). “Factors Correlated With Volleyball Spike Velocity”. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(10), pp.1513-19. DOI: 10.1177/0363546505274935

GRGANTOV, Z, MILIĆ, M & KATIĆ, R (2013). “Identification of explosive power factors as predictors of player quality in young female volleyball players”. Cell Antropol, 37(2), pp.61-68.

HOEGER, WK, HOEGER, SA, HOEGER, CI & FAWSON, AI (2017). “Lifetime Physical Fitness and Wellness: A Personalized Program”. 14th Ed. Boston: Cengage Learning.

JEUKENDRUP, AE (2003). “High-carbohydrate versus high-fat diets in endurance sports”. Sportmedizin und Sporttraumatologie, 51(1), pp.17–23.

KAZIOR, Z, WILLIS, SJ, MOBERG, M, APRÓ, W, CALBET, JAL & HOLMBERG, HC (2016). “Endurance Exercise Enhances the Effect of Strength Training on Muscle Fiber Size and Protein Expression of Akt and mTOR”. PLoS ONE, 11(2).

KIERAN, F, KIMBERLY, I, GHEORGHE, D, DAVID, J, CYNTHIA, H, CAROLYNN, P, EDWARD, M, PHILLIPS, WR & FRONTERA, RA (2015). “Comparative Effects of Light or Heavy Resistance Power Training for Improving Lower Extremity Power and Physical Performance in Mobility-Limited Older Adults”. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 70(3): pp.374–380, https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glu156.

KOLEY, S & KAUR, SP (2011). “Correlations of Handgrip Strength with Selected Hand-Arm-Anthropometric Variables in Indian Inter-university Female Volleyball Players”. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(4), pp.220-226.

LAKOSKI, SG, BARLOW, CE, FARRELL, SW, BERRY, JD, MARROW, JR & HASKELL, WL (2011). “Impact of body mass index, physical activity, and other clinical factors on cardiorespiratory fitness (from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study)”. The American Journal of Cardiology, pp.34-39. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21529738.

LOWERY, L, EDEL, JF& MCBRIDE, IM (2012). “Dietary Protein and Strength Athletes”. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 34(4).

MARTINEZ, DB (2017). “Consideration for Power and Capacity in Volleyball Vertical Jump Performance”. Strength and Conditioning Journal.

MILENKOVIĆ, V, VITOŠEVIĆ, B, VIDAKOVIĆ, HM, NEDIN, GR & RANKOVI, J (2013). “Values of aerobic capacity in handball and volleyball players”. Acta Medica Medianae, 52(4).

PEREIRA, A, COSTA, AM, SANTOS, P, FIGUEIREDO, T & PAULO VICENTE JOÃO (2015). “Training strategy of explosive strength in young female volleyball players”. Medicina 5(1), pp.126 –131.

RAMOS, PS, RICARDO, DR & ARAÚJO, CGS (2012). “Cardiorespiratory Optimal Point: a Submaximal Variable of the Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing”. Arq Bras Cardiol, 99(5), pp.988-996.

RINCÓN, Y; SUKIER, H; CONTRERAS, J & RAMÍREZ MOLINA, R (2019). “Responsible Communication Strategies for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises”. Opción. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales, 35(89-2), pp. 1208-1234.

SATTLER, T, HADŽIĆ, V, DERVIŠEVIĆ, E & MARKOVIC, C (2015). “Vertical Jump Performance of Professional Male and Female Volleyball Players: Effects of Playing Position and Competition Level”. J Strength Cond Res. 29(6), pp.1486-93. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000781.

SHEPPARD, JM, CRONIN, JB, GABBETT, TJ, MCGURGAN, MR, ERXERARIA, N & NEWTON (2008). “Relative importance of strength, power, and anthropometric measures to jump performance of elite volleyball players”. J Strength Cond Res, 22(3), pp.758–765.

STOLL, T, HUBER, E, SEIFERT, B, MICHEL, BA & STUCKI, G (2000). “Maximal Isometric Muscle Strength: Normative Values and Gender-Specific Relation to Age”. Clin Rheumatol, 2(19), pp.105–113. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10791620.

TANG, D (2013). “A Study of Key Technical Factors of Volleyball Spike Based on the Biomechanical Analysis”. Information Technology Journal, 12(19), pp.5166-5171. DOI: 10.3923/itj.2013.5166.5171

TAWARE, GB, BHUTKAR, MV & SURDI, AD (2013). “A Profile of Fitness Parameters and Performance of Volleyball Players”. JKIMSU, 2(2), pp.49-59.

VASSIL, K & BAZANOVK, B (2012). “The Effect of Plyometric Training Program on Young Volleyball Players in Their Usual Training Period”. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(12), pp.34-40.

VILLALOBOS ANTÚNEZ, JOSÉ VICENTE & GANGA CONTRERAS, FRANCISCO (2018). “Tecnoempresa y Tecnocimiento: Una Perspectiva desde la Bioética Empresarial”. Revista Fronteiras: Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science. Vol. 7, No. 3: 214-230. Unievangélica Centro Universitario, (Brasil).

WALLER, M, GERSICK, M & HOLMAN, D (2013). “Various Jump Training Styles for Improvement of Vertical Jump Performance”. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 25(1), pp.82-89.

YULANDA, N & SEPDANIUS, E (2019). “Contribution of Explosive Power of Arm Muscles And Flexibility to Smash Ability of PB”. Semen Padang Athletes. Jurnal Stamina, 2(2), pp.40-49. https://doi.org/10.24036/jst.v2i2.173.

YUSUKE, I, YUSUKE, S & RENA, H (2018). “Factors Influencing Spike Jump Height in Female College Volleyball Players”. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: January, 32 (1), pp.267-273. doi: 10.1519/JSC.000000000000219.

ZIV, G & LIDOR, R (2010). “Vertical jump in female and male volleyball players: a review of observational and experimental studies”. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 20(4), pp.556-67. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01083.x. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/16000838.

Cómo citar
NASUKA, N., SETIOWATI, A., & INDRAWATI, F. (2020). Power, Strength and Endurance of Volleyball Athlete Among Different Competition Levels. Utopía Y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25(1), 15-23. Recuperado a partir de https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/utopia/article/view/34353