Impact of Employee Training and Strategic Alliances on Business Innovation and Survival

  • Youseline GARAVITO HERNÁNDEZ Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
  • Carlos Alfonso MANTILLA DUARTE Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
  • Javier Francisco RUEDA GALVIS Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
  • Johanna Marcela URIBE BERMUDEZ Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Bucaramanga, Colombia.
Palabras clave: Business survival, human resources, innovation, strategic alliances. / Alianzas estratégicas, innovación, recursos humanos, supervivencia empresarial.



In recent years, the academic literature has demonstrated the importance of analyzing the level of employee training and strategic organizational alliances, as determining factors that contribute significantly to innovation and business survival. Based on factor analysis and the Cox regression model with information from 5,623 spanish manufacturing companies, this article shows that companies that link employees with a doctoral level and promote organizational alliances, especially with universities, achieve a higher level of innovation. Their products and consequently better conditions for business survival.


En los últimos años, la literatura académica ha demostrado la importancia de analizar el nivel de formación de los empleados y alianzas estratégicas organizacionales, como factores determinantes que contribuyen significativamente a la innovación y supervivencia empresarial. A partir de un análisis factorial y del modelo de regresión de Cox con información de 5.623 empresas manufactureras españolas, el presente artículo demuestra que las compañías que vinculan empleados con nivel doctoral y alianzas estratégicas con universidades, logran un mayor nivel de innovación y mejores condiciones para la supervivencia empresarial.

Biografía del autor/a

Youseline GARAVITO HERNÁNDEZ, Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Ph. D in Business Administration, Complutense University (Madrid, Spain); MSc. in Business Administration, Complutense University (Madrid, Spain); Industrial Engineering, Industrial University of Santander, UIS (Bucaramanga, Colombia), Research professor in business strategy, innovation and business creation in Research and Development University, UDI.

Carlos Alfonso MANTILLA DUARTE, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Ph. D (c) in Math and Applied Statistics, University of Granada (Granada, Spain), MSc. in Applied Statistics, University of Granada (Granada, Spain); Specialist in Statistics, Industrial University of Santander, UIS (Bucaramanga, Colombia); Economist, Industrial University of Santander, UIS (Bucaramanga, Colombia), research professor in applied statistics, multivariate statistics, econometrics, big data, data mining and structural complexity and outliers in spatio-temporal process in Industrial University of Santander, UIS.

Javier Francisco RUEDA GALVIS, Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Ph.D. in Business Administration Antonio de Nebrija University (Madrid, Spain), Magister Financial Sciences Central University (Bogotá, Colombia), Professional Business Administrator Jorge Tadeo Lozano University (Bogotá, Colombia), with 25 years like research professor in Administrative, Economic and Accounting Sciences Faculties at Undergraduate and Postgraduate level in topics Global Organization Environment, Business Plan, Strategic Planning & Direction, Management of Family Business, Innovation, Quality Management and Social Responsibility and others. Research Professor of Research and Development University–  UDI.

Johanna Marcela URIBE BERMUDEZ, Universidad de Investigación y Desarrollo, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Specialist in Administration of Educational Informatics, Santander University (Bucaramanga, Colombia); Specialist in Occupational health and safety, Research and Development University, UDI (Bucaramanga, Colombia); Industrial Engineering, Bolivarian Pontifical University, UPB (Bucaramanga, Colombia), university professor with more than 15 years of experience in consulting companies.


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Cómo citar
GARAVITO HERNÁNDEZ, Y., MANTILLA DUARTE, C. A., RUEDA GALVIS, J. F., & URIBE BERMUDEZ, J. M. (2020). Impact of Employee Training and Strategic Alliances on Business Innovation and Survival. Utopía Y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25(5), 77-94. Recuperado a partir de