Parental Structure and Autonomy Support: Keys to Satisfy Adolescent’s Basic Psychological Needs

  • Fitri Ariyanti Abidin
  • Poeti Joefiani
  • Rismijati E. Koesma
  • Juke R. Siregar
Palabras clave: Parental Structure, Autonomy Support, Adolescent, Basic Psychological Needs, Indonesia


Self-Determination Theory (SDT) postulate that satisfaction on three basic psychological needs (need for relatedness, need for competence, need for au- tonomy) is essential for adolescent’s well-being. Proximal social context plays a crucial role in satisfying those needs. This study aimed to investigate the possible effect of three parenting dimensions (warmth, structure, autonomy support) to the satisfaction of three basic psychological needs. One thousand two hundred and fifty adolescents age 12-15 years old (boys = 572, girls = 678) from 15 cities in Indonesia participated in this study. Using multiple regres- sion analysis, the result indicated that all three parenting dimensions signif- icantly affected the satisfaction of relatedness and competence needs, while only structure and autonomy support found to be significantly affected the need for autonomy. The developmental characteristics of the adolescent and cultural influence on parenting were discussed to explain those results.

Biografía del autor/a

Fitri Ariyanti Abidin
Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran
Poeti Joefiani
Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran
Rismijati E. Koesma
Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran
Juke R. Siregar
Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Padjadjaran


Abidin, F. A., Koesma, R. E., Joefiani, P., & Siregar, J. R. (2019). Factor structure of the Indonesian version of the Parent as Social Context Ques- tionnaire. Humanitas Indonesian Psychological Journal, 16(2), 86–95. Ahmad, I., Vansteenkiste, M., & Soenens, B. (2013). The relations of Arab Jordanian adolescents’ perceived maternal parenting to teacher-rated ad- justment and problems: the intervening role of perceived need satisfac- tion. Developmental Psychology, 49(1), 177–183. a0027837

Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental Psychological Control : Revisiting a Ne- glected Construct Parental Psychological Control : Revisiting a Neglected Construct, 67(6), 3296–3319.

Chen, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Beyers, W., Boone, L., Deci, E. L., Van der Kaap-Deeder, J., ... Verstuyf, J. (2015). Basic psychological need satisfac- tion, need frustration, and need strength across four cultures. Motivation and Emotion, 39(2), 216–236. Cordeiro, P., Paixão, M. P. aula, & Lens, W. (2015). Perceived Parenting and Basic Need Satisfaction among Portuguese Adolescents. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 18, E62. Costa, S., & Cuzzocrea, F. (2019). The six dimensions of parenting and adolescent psychological adjustment : The mediating role of psychologi- cal needs. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 60, 128–137. https://doi. org/10.1111/sjop.12507

Cunsolo, S. (2017). Subjective wellbeing during adolescence : a litera- ture review on key factors relating to adolescent ’ s subjective wellbeing and education outcomes. Studi Sulla Formazione, 20, 81–94. https://doi. org/10.13128/Studi

Dancey, C. P., & Reidy, J. (2011). Statistics Without Maths for Psychology (Fifth Edit).

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pur- suits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 227–268. Eccles, J. S., Midgley, C., Wigfield, A., Buchanan, C. M., Reuman, D., Flanagan, C., & Iver, D. Mac. (1993). Development During Adolescence. American Psychologist, 48(2), 90–101. 066x.48.2.90

Farkas, M. S., & Grolnick, W. S. (2010). Examining the components and concomitants of parental structure in the academic domain. Motivation and Emotion, 34(3), 266–279. Flamm, E. S., & Grolnick, W. S. (2013). Adolescent adjustment in the context of life change: The supportive role of parental structure provision. Journal of Adolescence, 36(5), 899–912. cence.2013.07.006

Grolnick, W. S., Gurland, S. T., DeCourcey, W., & Jacob, K. (2002). An- tecedents and consequences of mothers’ autonomy support: an experimen- tal investigation. Developmental Psychology, 38(1), 143–155. https://doi. org/10.1037/0012-1649.38.1.143

Grolnick, W. S., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2008). Issues and Challenges in Studying Parental Control : Toward a New Conceptualization, 3(3), 165– 170.

Joussemet, M., Landry, R., & Koestner, R. (2008). A self-determination theory perspective on parenting. Canadian Psychology, 49(3), 194–200.

León, J., & Núñez, J. L. (2013). Causal Ordering of Basic Psychologi- cal Needs and Well-Being. Social Indicators Research, 114(2), 243–253.

Macdonald, K. (1992). Theoretical Paper Warmth as a Developmental Construct : An Evolutionary Analysis. Child Development, 63, 753–773. Riany, Y. E., Meredith, P., & Cuskelly, M. (2016). Understanding the Influ- ence of Traditional Cultural Values on Indonesian Parenting Understand- ing the Influence of Traditional Cultural Values on Indonesian Parenting. Marriage & Family Review, 4929(March). 929.2016.1157561

Rohner, R. P. (1988). The Warmth Dimension : Foundations of Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory. Contemporary Sociology, 17(4), 546–547. Retrieved from

Rohner, R. P. (2016). Patterns of parenting : The warmth dimension in worldwide perspective, (May), 113–120.

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. The American Psychologist, 55(1), 68–78. Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2000). The Darker and Brighter Sides of Human Ex- istence: Basic Psychological Needs as a Unifying Concept. Psychological Inquiry, 11(4), 319–338. Sheldon, K. M., & Niemiec, C. P. (2006). It’s not just the amount that counts: Balanced need satisfaction also affects well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(2), 331–341.

Sher-Censor, E., Assor, A., & Oppenheim, D. (2015). The Interplay Be- tween Observed Maternal Perspective Taking and Clear Expectations : Links with Male Adolescents ’ Externalizing and Internalizing Problems. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24, 930–936. s10826-014-9903-x

Skinner, E., Johnson, S., & Snyder, T. (2005). Six dimensions of parenting: A motivational model. Parenting: Science and Practice, 5(2), 175–235. Soenens, B., Deci, E. L., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2017). How parents con- tribute to children’s psychological health : The critical role of psychologi- cal needs support. In M. L. Wehmeyer, K. A. Shogren, T. D. Little, & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Development of self-determination through the life-course (pp. 171–187). New York: Springer.

Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2005). Antecedents and outcomes of self-determination in 3 life domains: The role of parents’ and teachers’ autonomy support. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(6), 589–604.

Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., Luyckx, K., Goossens, L., Beyers, W., & Ryan, R. M. (2007). Conceptualizing parental autonomy support: Adolescent perceptions of promotion of independence versus promotion of volitional functioning. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 633–646.

Steinberg, L. (2001). We Know Some Things : Parent – Adolescent Rela- tionships in Retrospect and Prospect. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 11(1), 1–19.

Steinberg, L. (2014). Adolescence (Tenth Edit). New York: McGraw-Hill. Van de Vijver, F., & Hambleton, R. K. (1996). Translating Tests. European Psychologist, 1(2), 89–99. Whipple, N., Bernier, A., & Mageau, G. A. (2009). Attending to the ex- ploration side of infant attachment: Contributions from self-determination theory. Canadian Psychology, 50(4), 219–229. a0016322

Zukauskiene, R. (2014). Adolescence and Well-Being. In A. Ben-Arieh, F. Casas, I. Frones, & J. E. Korbin (Eds.), Handbook of Child Well-Being: Theories, Methods and Policies in Global Perspective. New York: Spring- er Reference.

Cómo citar
Ariyanti Abidin, F., Joefiani, P., E. Koesma, R., & R. Siregar, J. (2019). Parental Structure and Autonomy Support: Keys to Satisfy Adolescent’s Basic Psychological Needs. Opción, 35, 1257-1274. Recuperado a partir de