The importance of organizational Justice as an intermediate variable between the academic leadership and Quality of international Performance

Maidean Abad Alwhb Jaber

Resumen


Organizational Justice is concerned with all matters of workplace behavior, from treatment by superiors to pay, access to training and gender equality. It is originally derived from equity theory, which suggests individuals make Judgements on fairness based on the amount they give (input) compared to the amount they get back (output). The researcher aims to develop a model that links the research variables and verifies its credibility through the ba- sic hypotheses of research and diagnoses the level of academic leadership practices in the tourism education institutions. The sample of the research is through organizational justice and the extent to which this relationship af- fects the quality of the performance of these institutions by distributing 72 questionnaire forms on them. The study methodology can be summarized by diagnosing (relationship and impact) the academic leadership dimensions and organizational justice dimensions on the quality of the institutional per- formance of a sample of educational institutions in Iraq. A set of hypotheses, main and subsidiary, are established, and the researcher depends on the ques- tionnaire in addition to other methods, such as personal interviews of deans, assistants, heads of departments, and employees of the surveyed institutions. A number of statistical methods were used: the weighted mathematical mean, the standard deviation, the determining factor, the exploratory analysis. The Scientific value of the research lies in that the presentation of the results of the study of the relationship between the main variables will explain the strengths and weaknesses of decision makers, which can be used and applied in the institutions investigated, and on the other hand, the institutions investigated may be in an urgent need of data in this stage, which can be provided by the research in the way that serves the future orientation to reach high efficiency on the level of all outputs of these institutions. As for the results, the researcher reached a number of conclusions, the most important of which proved that academic leadership through its di- mensions play an important role for the teachers in raising the level of performance and improvement and to ensure a high level of excellence for these institutions. The most important recommendations were to involve teachers and staff in decision-making, to take care of all their affairs and needs and to meet their requirements, in order to build their sense of be- longing and to strengthen the spirit of loyalty to institutions and work in them.

Palabras clave


Academic Leadership, Organizational Justice, Quality of In- stitutional Performance

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Kubaisi, Amer Khudair, 2010, “Administrative and Security Train- ing: A Contemporary Vision for the 21st Century”, Naif Arab University for Islamic Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, First Edition

Abu-Nasr, Medhat Abu-Mohammed, 2012, “Management of in- centives: methods of career motivation”, Arab Group for Training and Publishing, Cairo - Egypt, first edition.

The Role of Organizational Justice in Formulating Organizational Symmetry in Jordanian Public Institutions, The Jordanian Journal of Busi- ness Administration, Faculty of Business Administration, Department of Public Administration, Mu’tah University, vol. 4, No. 4

Jabouri, muyaser Ibrahim Ahmed, 2008, “Quality Management Systems”, Baghdad - Iraq, first edition

Al-Jaeri, Tariq Abdel-Fattah, 2008, “The Role of Senior Manage- ment in Achieving Organizational Innovation in NGOs”, Master Thesis, Jerusalem - Palestine.

Jawdat, Mahfouz Ahmed, (2012), “Human Resources Management”, 1, Dar Wael Publishing, Amman, Jordan

Hawamdeh, Basem Ali, and the Aboud, Muhammad Harhasha, “The level of administrative creativity among educational leaders”, King Saud University Journal, Volume 18, 2006.

Khatib, Ridah, and Khatib, Ahmed, 2006, “Effective Training”, Modern Office World, Irbid - Jordan.

Dorri, Zakaria Mutlaq, 2003, “Strategic Management: Concepts, Processes and Case Studies”, Dar Al Yazuri Publishing and Distribution, Amman, Jordan

Dessler, Gary, Translation, Abdel Muttal, Mohamed Sayed Ahmed, Quality Review, Abdul Mohsin, (2009), “Human Resources Man- agement”, 1, Dar Al-Marikh Publishing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Rabee, Hadi Mishaan, 2008, “Administrative Psychology”, Com- munity Office, Amman, Jordan, first edition

Zayed, Adel Mohamed, (2006), “Organizational Justice (The Next Task for Human Resources Management)”, I 1, Arab Organization for Ad- ministrative Development, Cairo, Egypt

Sultan, Susan Akram, (2006), “Organizational Justice in the Heads of Academic Departments in the Official Jordanian Universities and their Relation to Job Satisfaction and Organizational Loyalty to Faculty Mem- bers”, PhD thesis, Amman Arab University for Postgraduate Studies.

Slim, Gada, 2011, “The Impact of the Insurance Sector Structure on Enterprise Performance”, Master, University of Biskra.

Alsaed. Mustafa Kemal, 2013, “Total Quality Standards (Manage- ment - Statistics - Economics)”, Osama House for Publishing and Distri- bution, Amman-Jordan.

Asaed. Mustafa Kemal, 2013, “Total Quality Standards (Manage- ment - Statistics - Economics)”, Osama House for Publishing and Distri- bution, Amman-Jordan

Siden, Baba Walid, 2009, “The Role of Human Resources in Influ- encing Performance”, Master Thesis, University of Tlemcen

Sharif, Ali, Al-Kurdi, Manal, 2004, “Fundamentals of Organiza- tion and Business Administration”, University House, Alexandria, Egypt. 19. Abshi, Ammar, (2012), Training Trends and Performance Assess- ment of Individuals, 1, Dar Osama Publishing and Distribution, Amman, Jordan

Al-Otaibi, Amer Thaib, 2012, “The Impact of Strategic Planning and Continuous Improvement in the Effectiveness of Independent Institu- tions in Kuwait”, Master of Business Administration, unpublished, Middle East University, Business School.

Ajami, Rashed Sabib, (1998), “Analysis of the Relationship be- tween Organizational Loyalty and the Sense of Organizational Justice Workers,” Muscat, Journal of Administration, No. (72), 71-98.

Alwan, Kassem, (2007), “The Effects of Organizational Justice on the Spread of Administrative Corruption”, Field Study, Journal of Eco- nomic Sciences and Management Sciences, No. 7.

Al-Omari, Mashhoor bin Nasser, 2004, “The Relationship be- tween Transformational Leadership Characteristics and the Availability of Total Quality Management Principles”, unpublished Master Thesis, Facul- ty of Administrative Sciences / Department of Public Administration, King Saud University.

Al-Ghazali, Hafez Abdel-Karim, 2012, “The Impact of Transfor- mational Leadership on the Effectiveness of Decision Making”, Master Thesis, Business School, Middle East University, Amman, Jordan

Al-Katamin, Ahmed, 1996: “Strategic Planning and Strategic Management”, Dar Majdalawi Publishing and Distribution, Amman - Jor- dan, First Edition

Al-Kabsi, Amer Khudair, 2010, “Administrative and Security Training: A Contemporary Vision for the 21st Century”, Naif Arab Uni- versity for Islamic Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Kafrawi, Auf Mahmoud, 2004, “Financial Control: Between The- ory and Practice”, Youth University for Printing and Publishing, Alexan- dria, Egypt

Barakat, Ziad (2014), “The Degree of Organizational Justice among Principals of Public Schools in Palestine from the Perspective of their School Teachers”, Acceptable Research in the Journal of Psycholog- ical and Educational Studies at Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultan- ate of Oman.

.Aichouni, Mohamed & AL-Ghonamy, Abdul aziz I ., Third con- ference on “ Quality in University Education in the Islamic world “ on the theme : The Application of Regional and International Indicators of aca- demic Quality and Accreditation in Universities in the Islamic world-To- wards Excellence As ameans Not Merely on outcome “ , Naif Arab Uni- versity for Security Science ( 20-22 December 2010 )

Aasen,Petter and Stensaker , Bjorn(2007) Balancing trust and technocracy Leadership training in higher education , International Journal of Educational Management ,Vol.2,No.5,pp.371-383 .

Abu – Tineh, Abdullah M & Khasawneh , Samer A.and Omary ,Aieman A.(2008) Kouzes and Posner’s Transformational Leadership Model in Practice: The Case of Jordanian Schools, Journal of Leadership Education, Volume 7, Issue 3.

Al-sharafi, Hamed & Rajiani, Ismi (2013) Promoting Organiza- tional Citizenship Behavior among Employees - The Role of Leadership Practices, International Journal of Business and Management; Vol. 8, No. 6

Baldwin, Susanna, (2006), organizational justice, institute for em- ployment studies, http;//www.employment-studies.co.uk.

Bass , B.M., Avolio,B.J.,Jung,D.I.,and Berson Y.,(2003) ,pre- dicting unit performance by assessing trausformational and transactional Leadership , Journal of Applied psychology,vol.,88,no.2 ,pp.207-218

Bergh ,Patricia A.( 2009) Reconfiguring academic priorities : Through the eyes of Michigan community college chief academic officers, A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Education in Educational Leadership, university of phoenix.

Bernard , M , Daniel , C . (2005) . Gestion des resources humainnes : pilotage Social et performance , 6 eme Ed , paris : dunod

Brown, Lillas M and Posner,Barry ( 2001) Exploring the relation- ship between learning and leadership , Leadership & organization devel- opment journal, Vol.22/6 ,pp. 274-280 .

Carter, Louis & Ulrich, David & Goldsmith, Marshall and Edi- tors ( 2005 ) Best Practices in leadership development and organization change: how the best companies ensure meaningful change and sustaina- ble leadership, Published by Pfeiffer An Imprint of Wiley, USA

Cohen . E , (2000 )” Dictionnaire de Gestion “ , Editions La de- couverte , paris

Fernandes , Cedwyn , Awameleh , Raed , (2008) , “ Impact of organizational justice in an expatriate work environment, management re- search news , vol.31 , number 11.

Fernandez (2003) , Les nouveax tableaux des managers , le proget decisionnel dans sa totalite , edition d organization , 3em edition , paris 42. Fischer, R. Smith , P., (2004), “Values – and –organizational- jus- tice performance and seniority – based allocation criteria in united kindom an Germany , journal of cross – cultural psychology , Vol. 35, No.6.

Fisher , A, H (2008) , “The relationship Between job satisfaction and organization justice amongst Academic employees in agricultural colleges in South Africa” , master of Administration , University of the West- ern CAPE : 83.

Francia , Víctor Hugo Robles (2008) Manager’s Leadership Prac- tices in Hidalgo-Mexico SMEs, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hi- dalgo,Vol.8

George , Stephn & Wemer Skirch , Arnold , (1998) “ Total Quality Management : Strategies Techniques “ , 2nd ed , Proven at Todays , most Successful Co .

Giap ,B ., Hackermeler, L., Jiao, X & wagdarikar , S, (2005), or- ganizational citizenship behavior and perception of organizational justice in student jobs , research study , Ludwing-Maximilians- University ,Mu- nich.

Goetsch , Davied L . & Davis , Shanley B , Quality management for Organizational Excellence : Introduction to total Quality , Upper Sad- dle River , New Jersay : pearson Education Inc , Sixth Education , 2006. 48. Goodwin,Vicki L . & Whittington,.J.Lee & Murray , Brian . (2011) , Moderator or Mediator ? Examining the Role of trust in the Tranforma- tional Leadership paradigm , Journal of Managerial Issues,vol.xxIII Num- ber 4.

Graham,Wilson Joe ( 2007) Leadership behaviours and collec- tive efficacy as perceived by teachers of schools in the Katy independent school district, Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doc- tor of education.

Greenberg, J. (1990), “Organizational justice : yesterday , today and tomorrow ‘ journal of management , vol. 16.No.2.

Harvey D.& Brown D. , (2001),’An Experiential Approach to or- ganizational Development ., 6th edition ,prentice hall ,new jersey , USA . 52. Hautala, Tiina M.(2006) The relationship between personality and transformational leadership, Journal of Management Development, Vol. 25 No. 8, pp. 777-794.

Hautala, Tiina M.(2006) The relationship between personality and transformational leadership, Journal of Management Development, Vol. 25 No. 8, pp. 777-794

Hellawell,D. & Hancock,N. (2001) . A case study of the chang- ing role of the a cademic middle managre in higher education : between hierarchical control & collegiality , research papers in education , 16 (2) : 183-197

Hooshmand, L, Moghimi, S,M (2011), “ Organizational justice and organizational entrepreneurship in managers and experts in RMTO” European journal of scientific research ISSN 1450_216X vol .65 NO.4. 56. Hughes,Richard & Bialty katheren , (2006) , Becoming a strategic leadership , E-Book copy .

Ishak , N.A, & Alam , S.S.,(2009), “the effects of leader –member exchange on organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior : empirical study “ , European journal of social sciences Vol.8 ,no. 2.

Janakiraman B ., & Gopal , R . k . (2008) , “ About Total Quality management : Text and cases “ , prentice-hall of India private limited , Third printing , New Delhi , pp. 260.

Kouzes, James & Posner, Barry ( 2013 ) The Student Leadership Challenge: Facilitation and Activity Guide, , Jossey - Bass A Wiley Im- print ,USA

Kouzes, James & Posner, Barry ( 2014 ) The Student Leadership Challenge Five Practices for Becoming an Exemplary Leader,2th Ed, , Jos- sey - Bass A Wiley Imprint ,USA.

Kouzes, James & Posner, Barry ( 2014 ) The Student Leadership Challenge Five Practices for Becoming an Exemplary Leader,2th Ed, , Jos- sey - Bass A Wiley Imprint ,USA

Lee, Krajweske , “operation management strategy and analysis “ 4th Ed Addison _ Wesley U S A ,2000.

Leech, Donald W and Fulton, Ray (2002) Leadership Practices of Middle and High School Principals, Paper presented at the 56th Annual Summer Conference of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration, Burlington VT, ERSE.

Leech, Donald W and Fulton, Ray (2002) Leadership Practices of Middle and High School Principals, Paper presented at the 56th Annual Summer Conference of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration, Burlington VT, ERSE

Mahapatro, Bibhnti, Bhusan-Human Resource Management ,New Age international ,publish, New Delhi-2010- newagepublishers.com.

Mansour, Mourad (2013 ) Impact of HR Practices on Firm Perfor- mance, The Twelfth Scientific Annual International Conference for Busi- ness, AL- Zaytoonah university of Jordan

Marcketti, Sara B & . Arendt ,Susan W & Shelley, Mack C. (2011) Leadership in action: student leadership development in an event manage- ment course, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 32 No. 2, pp. 170-189

Masterson ,S.S.,Byrne ,Z.S. and Mao ,H.2005.interpersonal and informational justice, in ,S. Gilliland ,D.D. Steiner, D.P. Skarlicki and K.Van den Bos (Eds.), What Motivates Fairness in organization ?,informa- tion age , USA, PP:81-82.

Mattila,Pauliina & Joensuu, Matti , 2018 , “Organizational justice , Oshwiki”.

Mehmood , Ijaz & Khan, Shahinshah Babar & Raziq , Khan & Tahirkheli, Shaheen Ashraf (2012) Role of academic leadership in change management for quality in higher education in Pakistan , Journal of educa- tion and practice , Vo.13,No.16

Moore,h Michael R.and Diamond, Michael A.(2000) Academic leadership :Turning vision into reality, Ernest & Young LLP.

Narayanan,Ram m.(2003) Academic Leadership Strategies for Engineering Faculty, TEMPUS Publications, Int. J. Engng Ed. Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 241-251

Nixon , B , 1994 , ( Developing An Empowering culture in Organ- ization , Empowerment in Organization ) , Vol,2,No1, second :30, urinal. 74. Parke , Marla and Welch , Eric (2013) professional networks sci- ence ability and gender determinants of three types of leadership

Patterson, C. 2002. Comparison of the transformational leader- ship practices of principals of charter schools and principals of traditional public schools in Louisiana. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Louisiana Tech University, USA

Plessis Sarah B. (2008) Leadership Practices of Women Superin- tendents: A Qualitative Study, Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Leadership & Policy Studies.

Posner , Barry Z.(2009) Understanding the learning tactics of col- lege students and their relationship to leadership , Leadership & Organiza- tion Development Journal Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 386-395

Quinn, Edwin & Chandan, Harish (2012 ) Demographical Differ- ences in Perceptions of Leadership Practices for Department Chairs and Job Satisfaction of Faculty Members at a Historically Black University, In- ternational Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Scienc- es, Vol. 2, No. 9

Rego , A. & Cunha , M. (2006). “Organizational Justice and Cit- izenship Behaviors : a study in a Feminine , High Power Distance culture , submission of Papers for Publication , university de Santiago. 3810 _193 Aveiro . Portugal.

Schappe ,p.(1998) ,”understanding employee job satisfaction : the importance of procedural and distributive justice” , journal of business and psychology ,Vol. (12), No(4) pp. 493_503.

Seifert, Deborah Lynn, (2006) , “The influence of organization- al justice, on the perceived likelihood of whistle-Blowing, A-Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor Philosophy college of business Washington state university.

Shaft , T,M, & Sharfman , M.P., (2009), “Using interorganiza- tional information systems to support environmental management efforts at ASG” , journal of industrial ecology , , vol.4 , number 11.

Sims, Chloe E. (2005) The Effects of Principals’ Leadership Prac- tices on School Climate and Student Achievement in Title I Elementary Schools, THE LEADERSHIP CHALLENGE in academic science and en- gineering , the leadership quarterly,vol. 24, pp. 332–348 .

Sims, Chloe E. (2005) The Effects of Principals’ Leadership Prac- tices on School Climate and Student Achievement in Title I Elementary Schools, THE LEADERSHIP CHALLENGE in academic science and en- gineering , the leadership quarterly,vol. 24, pp. 332–348 .

Storr, Lorna & Trenchard, Steve (2010) PERSPECTIVE ON PRACTICEFrom swampy lowlands to giddy heights A case study of lead- ership development in a mental health setting, Journal of European Indus- trial Training, Vol. 34 No. 5, pp. 475-48

Tatum , B.C., & Eberlin , R. J.,(2008), “The relationship between organizational justice and conflict style “, business.

Teelken, C & Ferlie, E and Dent, M. (eds.) (2012) Leadership in the public sector. Promises and pitfalls, London Routledge .

Weetman , Pauline , ( 2006 ) “ Management Accounting “ 1st Ed , person Education Limited

White,Susan C.and Glickman, Theodore S (2011) . Innovation in Higher Education:Implications for the Future ,Wiley inter science ,No .137

Francis, Lori D., (2002), Organizational Justice, Sensitivity to In- justice, and The Experience of Stress, A Thesis Submitted in partial Fulfill- ment of the Requirement for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Graduate Studies, The University of Guelph.

Byrne, Zinta S., (2003), Perceptions of Organizational Justice, Identification, and Support Within Work Teams, Poster at the 18th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology April 11-13, Orlando, Florida.

Jahangir , Nadim, Akbar , Mohammed M., & Haq, Mahmud al (2004) , “ Organizational citizenship Behavior : Its Nature and Anteced- ents “ BRAC University Journal , 1 (2) :75 _85.

Fables, M. (2005). “The Role of Task and Contextual performance in Appraisal fairness and Satisfaction” Unpublished dissertation , faculty of the California school of organizational studies Alliant International uni- versity.

Sulu, S., Ceylan , A., and Kaynak ,R ,(2010) “Work Alienation as A mediator of the Relationship between organizational Injustice and organizational commitment :Implications for Healthcare professional “, International Journal of Business and Management , Vol. 5,8,,pp.27_38. 95. Tziner .A, Bar. Y , Oren , Kadosh . G (2011) “Corporate Social Responsibility , Organizational Justice and Jop Satisfaction: How do they Interrelate, If at all ?” VOL .27.

Usmani, s., &Jamal , S. (2013) . Impact of Distributive Justice , Procedural Justice , Interactional Justice , Temporal Justice , spatial Justice on Jop satisfaction of banking Employees Review of Integrative business & Economics research , 2(1),351_383.

Simon Julian Lincoln , “ Developing decision – making Skills for Business “ , M , New York , E . sharpe , Inc , 2000

Yean, Tan Fee,2016, “proceclia – social and Behavioral sciences “ Volume 219, 31 May -2016.

www.igi-global.com ,2018, “what is organizational justice”.




Universidad del Zulia /Venezuela/ opción/ revistaopcion@gmail.com /ISSN: 1012-1587 / e-ISSN: 2477-9385


Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.