The Effect Of Using Introductory And Patient Questions On Developing Expressive Performance Among Middle School Students

  • Intisar K. Jawad


Education is an essential force in directing the current of change and taking advantage of the renewed and enlightened means of knowledge in the service of humanity in our time so it aims to develop the individual with a comprehen- sive and integrated development and prepare him for life by providing him with knowledge, skills and information and employing and developing them in order to achieve the educational goals that he drew in light of many studies and researches I found that there is weakness in verbal, written and verbal expression at all levels of education, which creates in them a sense of fear and confusion, and separates them from the language they learn practically, tech- nically and skillfully while they use the language. The Arabic language and its implications and derivations are also considered to be one of the richest and most abundant languages, and the broadest is what goes under the sense or goes into mind to achieve language sciences, good laws and organization of ideas, and depicting its imagination through the use of expression, which gen- erates educational and learning benefits as it develops the ability of students to Noticing things with an artistic sense, and analyzing ideas in a way. The use of classroom questions in light of the school curriculum of the Arabic lan- guage and the method in a meaningful and effective way that helps to develop self-confidence through the students ’taste of success taste when answering the teacher’s various and purposeful questions. The school should provide more opportunities for students to know their abilities for their sense of educational success and the learner sees the researcher there are types Different questions that reveal the students ’abilities towards learning and learning understand- ing in light of the diversity of questions. The researcher used an expressive test of expressive performance to apply to three groups of students, the first is an experimental one, with which the introductory questions were used, and the second also a pilot that used the sounding and the third questions, a traditional one that was used with them, and the number of groups was three. The research goal: - The current re- search aims to know the effect of using introductory and patient questions on developing expressive performance among middle school students

Biografía del autor/a

Intisar K. Jawad
Mustansiriyah University college of education Department of Educational and Psychological sciences


Ibn Manzoor, Abu al-Fadl Jamal al-Din Muhammad bin Makram, Tongan of the Arabs, Dar Sader Beirut for Printing and Publishing, 1955 AD. Abu Hilal, Ahmad, Analysis of Teaching Process, Amman, Al-Nahda Is- lamic Library, 1979.

Beja, Abdel-Fattah Hassan, Origins of Teaching Arabic Between Theory and Practice, First Edition, Dar Al-Fikr, Amman - Jordan, 2000 CE.

- Al-Jubouri, Fathi Taha Mishaal, The effect of using a cooperative ed- ucation method in acquiring grammatical concepts among sixth graders of primary school, research publication, Journal of Intelligence Research, Teachers College, University of Mosul, Volume 1, No. 1, 2003. Al-Hosari, Sateh, Lessons in the Fundamentals of Teaching, General Fundamentals Part 1, 8th floor, Beirut, Ghandour Press, 1962.

- Al-Khawaldeh, Muhammad Mahmoud, General Teaching Methods, 1st edition, Dar Safa, Ministry of Education, 1996.

Al-Dorij, Muhammad, Analysis of the Educational Process, 1st Floor, Dar Al-Alam Al-Kitab for Printing and Publishing, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1994.

Al-Dulaimi, Ihsan Aliwi and Adnan Muhammad Al-Mahdawi, Measure- ment and Evaluation, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Re- search, Diyala University, College of Education, 2000.

- Al-Rashidi, Bashir Saleh, Educational Research, A Simplified Applied Vision, Ed. 1, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Hadeeth, Beirut, Lebanon, 2000.

- Al-Zobaie, Abdul Jalil, and Muhammad Ahmad Al-Ghannam, Research Methods in Education, University of Baghdad Press, 1981.

- Al-Essawi, Abdul Rahman Mohammed, Designing Psychological, Social and Educational Research, Encyclopedia of Modern Psychology Books, 1st edition, University Ranks House, 1999.

- Al-Nuaimi, Tariq Ismail Khalil, the effect of three tribal strategies for teaching reading in reading comprehension and expressive performance among fourth-year middle school students, Baghdad University, College of Education / Ibn Rushd, 2001 AD, published doctoral thesis.

Jader, Najah Ahmad, Levels of Classroom Oral Questions Commonly Used by Arabic Language Teachers in Basic Education, Yarmouk Univer- sity, College of Education and Arts, Jordan, 1991.

Khattab, Muhammad, The Use of Higher Thinking Processes in Classroom Education, Department of Education, UNESCO, Amman, Jordan, 1989.

- Dawood, Aziz Hanna, and Anwar Hussein Abdul Rahman, Curricula of Educational Research, Dar Al-Hikma, Baghdad.

- Richie, Robert, Beirut, Teaching planning, translated by Muhammad Amin Al-Mufti and others, New York, McGar and Hill Publishing House M.

Sorial, Lotfi, The Last Questions in the Classroom Discussions, UNESCO Unit for External Services, Amman, 1978.

Ghanem, Mahmoud Muhammad, Measurement and Evaluation, Dar Al-Andalus, Beirut, Lebanon, 1997. - Qattami, Youssef, and others, 2008, Teaching Design, Dar Al Fikr Publishing, Amman, Jordan.

- Melhem, Sami Muhammad, Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology, I / 1, Dar Al-Sir Publishing and Distribution, Amman - Jordan 1421 AH - 2000.

- Ministry of Education, Iraq, academic levels, 1985.

Ibrahim, Abdel-Alim, Technical Instructor for Arabic Language Teachers, 17th Edition, Dar Al-Maarif for Publishing, Egypt, 1973.

Abu Al-Haija, Fouad, Methods and Methods of Teaching Arabic Language, Dar Al-Manhajj Publishing and Distribution, Amman, Jordan, 2001.

- Al-Aswad, Mahmoud Khalifa, Introduction to Linguistics, 2nd edition, National Library of Books, Benghazi, Libya, 2000.

Al-Hafni, Abdel-Moneim, Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis, Dar Madbou- ly, Egypt, 1991.

- Al-Khatib, Ahmed Hamed, and the return of Abu Sarhan, the role of the teacher in developing critical thinking skills, Education Letter, 1987.

- Narrator, Ahmed Bahr Howeidi, Developed Trends in Teaching Arabic Language - Methods and Methods, Reforming, Plans, Skills towards a Better Future, Dar Misr, Murtada for the Complete Book, Baghdad, Iraq 2010.

Al-Shammari, Hoda Ali Jawad, and Saadoun Muhammad Al-Samouk, Curricula and Teaching Methods of the Arabic Language, Wael Publishing House, Amman, Jordan, 2005.

Al-Lokani, Ahmed Hussein, The Curricula between Theory and Practice, The World of Books, Cairo, Egypt, 1984.

Zayer, Saad Ali, and Iman Ismail Ayez, Curricula and Teaching Methods of the Arabic Language, Egypt Mortada Foundation for Iraqi Writers, Baghdad, Iraq 2011.

Zakaria, Ahmed bin Faris, (d. 345 AH), Dictionary of Language Standards, Part 1, investigation: Abdul Salam Muhammad Harun, Al-Assad National Library, Damascus, Syria, 2002.

Salim, Muhammad Saber, and others, Curriculum Building and Planning, Dar Al-Fikr Publishers and Distributors, Amman, Jordan, 2006.

Shuaib, Haseeb, Methods of Teaching Arabic Language in Elementary, Intermediate, and Secondary Levels, Dar Al-Mahjah Al-Bayda, Beirut, Lebanon, 2008.

Shusha, Farouk, Our Beautiful Language, 2nd edition, Madbouly Book- store, Cairo, Egypt, 1982.

Ashour, Ratib Qasim, and Abdul Rahim Awad, The Curriculum between Theory and Practice, Dar Al Masirah, Amman, Jordan, 2004.

-Amer, Riyadh Hamed Yusef, Developing a methodology for environmen- tal impact assessment in line with the community’s need, An-Najah Na- tional University, College of Studies, Nablus (unpublished Master Thesis), 2006

Abdullah, Abdul Rahman, The Role of Educational Technologies in the Development of the Educational System, Journal of Educational Technol- ogy, No. 16, December, National Center for Educational Technologies, Kuwait, 1985.

- Aziz, Iman Majeed, the effect of using sound questions in acquiring sci- entific concepts for first-grade students, Institute for the Preparation of Women’s Teachers, Diyala University, Teachers College, 2002.

- Mujawar, Muhammad Salah al-Din, Teaching Arabic Language at the Secondary Stage, Dar Al-Fikr Al-Arabi, Cairo, Egypt, 2000.

Mahjoub, Abbas, Arabic Language Teaching Problems, Theoretical and Applied Solutions, Dar Al-Thaqafa, Qatar, 1986.

- Mustafa, Fahim Muhammad, defines the fields of classroom questions and their levels used by teachers of history subject for middle school and their relation to educational qualification, published Master Thesis, 2000.

- Kemp , I,E. Instructional D esign .Aplam for unit and course Develop- ment , Belmont f earon publishers , Inc.1971.

- Kissock . et – al Aguide to Questioning Class room Procedure to teacher , London the Mac Millan , press , ( 1982 ) .

- Websters , 1971 : third new International dictionary , Vol , I , Merriam Co.

-Banks , James, (1977) , Teaching strategies For the social studies inguiry v aluing and decision Marking . 2nd , Edition reading m ass achusetts, Add ison – weslley company.

Cómo citar
K. Jawad, I. (2019). The Effect Of Using Introductory And Patient Questions On Developing Expressive Performance Among Middle School Students. Opción, 35, 1102-1134. Recuperado a partir de