The Unwise Policy Of Community Based-Organisation: Can It Empower Them? Implementation Network Of Food Diversification In Indonesia

  • Rulinawaty Kasmad
  • Lukman Samboteng
  • Abdul Mahsyar
Palabras clave: Policy, Implementation, Community Based Organization, Food Diversification


The main objective of this research is to develop the ability of Communi- ty-Based Organisations (CBOs) to implement food diversification policies. The research method used was the qualitative method. The data collection was carried out through discussions, namely interviews via the focus group discussion (FGD) technique, with a number of farmer women’s groups total- ling 20 groups, with 15 to 20 group members. The documentation of the in- formants was directly involved in carrying out these activities. The process of the data analysis included data reduction, data presentation, and completing the conclusions. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of policies implemented by the Dasawisma Women’s Farmer Group as a Com- munity-Based Organisation cannot effectively implement the policies therein. This is because the local government, as the initiator, does not facilitate them to carry out operational programs to empower them through the diversifica- tion of the consumption of local food crops.

Biografía del autor/a

Rulinawaty Kasmad
Indonesia Open University, Tangerang Selatan, Banten, Indonesia
Lukman Samboteng
STIA LAN Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
Abdul Mahsyar
Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar Sultan Alauddin , Makassar, Indonesia


ALWI and KASMAD, R. (2018). “Local collaborative network: is it smart implementer of the cocoa business development policy in Indonesia”. In- ternational Journal of Public Policy.Inderscience Publisher.Print ISSN: 1740-0600. Online ISSN: 1740-0619. Vol.14, Issue 5-6.

ALWI and KASMAD, R. (2014). “Bureaucratic System Vs. People Em- powerment Policy: Empirical Evidence from Cocoa Farmer Empower- ment Policy in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia”. Humanities and So- cial Science Review, Vol.03, No.04, pp.313-311

CHIWAULA B. 2004. “Governance and Local Organisation in Rural De- velopment Projects: A Critical Review of World Vision Malawi’s Area De- velopment Programme Committees”. Unpublished.

CORNWELL L. and DE BEER F. 2004. “Development Problems and Institutions: Only Study Guide for DVA102-R”. Pretoria: University of South Africa.

[DKP dan WFP] Dewan Ketahanan Pangan dan World Food Programme. 2015. “Peta Ketahanan dan Kerentanan Pangan Indonesia 2015”. Jakarta (ID): Dewan Ketahanan Pangan dan World Food Programme.

[EIU] THE ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT. 2017. “Global Food Security Index 2017”, Measuring Food Security and The Impact of Re- sources Risks. Dupont (GB): London.

[EIU] THE ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT. 2016. “Global Food Security Index 2016 an Annual Measure of The State of Global Food Se- curity”. Dupont (GB): London

FISCHER F. (2006) “Participatory Government as Deliberative Empow- erment: The Cultural Politics of Discursive Space”. American Review of Public Administration. Vol.36. Number 1. March 2006 19-40 © 2006 Sage Publications 10.1177/0275074005282582 hosted at

FUNG, A., & WRIGHT, E. O. (2001). “Deepening democracy: Innova- tions in empowered local governance”. Politics and Society, 29(1), 5-41. FUNG, A., & WRIGHT, E. O. (Eds.). (2003). “Deepening democracy: Institutional innovations in empowered participatory governance” New York: Verso.

KERANS PATRICK, JOHN KERNEY (2006) “Turning the World Right- Side Up. Science, Community and Democracy”. Halifax: Fernwood.

KYESSI, A. G. 2002. “Community Participation in Urban Infrastructure Provision: Servicing Informal Settlements in Dar es Salaam”. Spring Re- search Series no. 33. Dortmund: SPRING Center, University of Dortmund. MESHACK, M. V., and S. A. SHEUYA. 2001. “Trekking the Path of Urban Community-Based Organizations in Tanzania: The Case of Five CBOs in Dar es Salaam”. Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam University Press. MYERS B. 1999. “Walking with the Poor: Principals and Practices of Transformational Development”. New York: Orbis Books.

RUKIN. 2018. “Economic Development as a Way to Fight Against Pov- erty in a Coastal Society”. Masyarakat kebudayaan, dan Politik. Vol. 31, No 2: 230-239.

SARMA J. VICARY B and HOLDREGE J. (2004). “Sustainablity.World Vision Trans Development Indicators Supplementary Program Resource G Sustainability (Draft 3) and Resource Guide- Community Participation”. SATTERTHWAITE, DAVID (2007), “The Transition to a Predominantly Urban World and its Underpinnings”, Human Settlements Discussion Paper Series, Urban Change 4, IIED, London, 86 pages. STEWART P. 2005. “Perspectives on Theories of Development. Pretoria. University of South Africa. Stewart P”. 2006. Empowerment and Popular Initiatives . Pretoria. University of South Africa

WORLD BANK. (1994). “The World Bank and participation. Operations Polic Department”. Washington, DC: Author.

YIN,R.K (1989) “Case Study Research, Design and Methods”, Revised ed., Sage Publication, In.,California.

Cómo citar
Kasmad, R., Samboteng, L., & Mahsyar, A. (2019). The Unwise Policy Of Community Based-Organisation: Can It Empower Them? Implementation Network Of Food Diversification In Indonesia. Opción, 35, 1233-1254. Recuperado a partir de