El clima de la historia: Cuatro tesis / The Climate of History: Four Theses

Dipesh CHAKRABARTY

Resumen


RESUMEN:

La actual crisis planetaria del cambio climático o calentamiento global provoca una variedad de respuestas en individuos, grupos y gobiernos, que van desde la negación, el distanciamiento y la indiferencia hasta un espíritu de compromiso y activismo en diversas formas y grados. Estas respuestas saturan nuestro sentido del presente. El libro más vendido de Alan Weisman, El mundo sin nosotros, propone un experimento mental como un modo de realizar experiencias sobre nuestro presente: “Supongamos que lo peor ha sucedido. La extinción humana es un hecho consumado… imaginemos un mundo del que hemos desaparecido de repente… ¿podríamos haber dejado algunas marcas apenas visibles o perdurables en el universo?... ¿es posible que ese mundo sin nosotros nos eche de menos a pesar de darle un alivio biológico?”. Me siento atraído por el experimento de Weisman, en la medida en que demuestra cómo la crisis actual puede precipitar un sentido del presente que desconecta el futuro del pasado y lo coloca más allá del alcance de la sensibilidad histórica.

 

ABSTRACT:

The current planetary crisis of climate change or global warming provokes a variety of responses in individuals, groups and governments, ranging from denial, estrangement and indifference to a spirit of commitment and activism in various forms and degrees. These answers saturate our sense of the present. Alan Weisman's bestselling book, The World Without Us, proposes a mental experiment as a way of making experiences about our present: "Suppose the worst has happened. Human extinction is a fait accomplished... let us imagine a world from which we have suddenly disappeared... could we have left some scarcely visible or lasting marks in the universe?... is it possible that this world without us will miss us in spite of giving a biological relief?". I am attracted to Weisman's experiment in the way that demonstrates how the current crisis can precipitate a sense of the present that disconnects the future from the past and places it beyond the reach of historical sensibility.


Palabras clave


Anthropocene; Climate change; Historical sensibility; Capital history; Antropoceno; Cambio climático; sensibilidad histórica; historia del capital

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