El sexo como factor de riesgo de la mortalidad por COVID-19. Caso Ecuador

  • Adriana Pedreañez Santana Cátedra de Inmunología. Departamento de Microbiología. Escuela de Bioanálisis. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad del Zulia. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3937-0469
  • Jesús Alberto Mosquera Sulbarán, Universidad del Zulia. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas “Dr. Américo Negrette”. Maracaibo. Zulia.
  • Nelson Enrique Muñoz Castelo Universidad Nacional del Chimborazo. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Riobamba
  • Diego Mauricio Tene Salcan Laboratorio Clínico del Hospital General IESS. Riobamba https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1588-2005
  • Jorge Guillermo Robalino Congacha Instituto de Ginecología y Osteoporosis INGINOST. Riobamba https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1588-2005
Palabras clave: COVID-19, hombres, mortalidad, mujeres, dimorfismo sexual

Resumen

La COVID-19 es una enfermedad caracterizada por un sesgo sexual. Varios estudios han descrito que los hombres tienen mayor tendencia hacia el desarrollo de enfermedad severa y mayor mortalidad. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar si el sexo constituye un factor de riesgo de mortalidad por COVID-19 en Ecuador. Para ello, se analizaron los datos publicados por el Ministerio de Salud Pública de Ecuador tomando en cuenta las cifras totales de fallecidos por COVID-19 y las cifras de fallecidos de acuerdo con la edad, el sexo y la distribución geográfica, desde el 21 de febrero de 2020 hasta el 9 de julio de 2021. Se aplicó el test Chi cuadrado para evaluar la asociación entre las variables, y se calculó la razón de probabilidades (Odds Ratio). En el periodo de tiempo estudiado, el 64.78% de las defunciones correspondieron al sexo masculino mientras que el 35.22% al sexo femenino. Se obtuvo un valor de OR= 1.746; IC: 95% (1.697-1.797); p<0.0001. En conclusión, los resultados indican que en Ecuador el sexo masculino está asociado con una mayor probabilidad de mortalidad debido a la COVID-19

Citas

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2021-08-16
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Pedreañez Santana A, Mosquera Sulbarán, JA, Muñoz Castelo NE, Tene Salcan DM, Robalino Congacha JG. El sexo como factor de riesgo de la mortalidad por COVID-19. Caso Ecuador. Kasmera [Internet]. 16 de agosto de 2021 [citado 20 de enero de 2022];49(2):e49235672. Disponible en: https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/kasmera/article/view/35672
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