Eficacia de BACTI-NIL®AQUA en infección experimental con Vibrio parahaemolyticus en juveniles de Litopenaeus vannamei

  • María Soledad Morales-Covarrubias Center for Research in Food and Development A.C., Mazatlán Unit in Aquaculture and Environmental Management. Sinaloa, México
  • María del Carmen Bolan-Mejía Center for Research in Food and Development A.C., Mazatlán Unit in Aquaculture and Environmental Management. Sinaloa, México
  • Noemi Gracía-Aguilar Center for Research in Food and Development A.C., Mazatlán Unit in Aquaculture and Environmental Management. Sinaloa, México
  • María-Mercè Isern-Subich ADISSEO. Antony, France
  • Gilberto Hernández-González ADISSEO. Antony, France
  • Waldo Gabriel Nuez-Ortín ADISSEO. Antony, France
Palabras clave: BACTI-NIL®AQUA, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Penaeus vannamei, enfermedad de la necrosis hepatopancreática aguda, síndrome de la mortalidad temprana

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar la eficacia de dos dosis de BACTI-NIL®AQUA adicionada al alimento en una infección experimental de 24 horas (h) en juveniles de Penaeus vannamei. Los resultados de este estudio mostraron que BACTI-NIL®AQUA, a concentraciones de 3.000 y 5.000 partes por millón (ppm) inhibe el crecimiento de Vibrio parahaemolyticus (cepa M0904AHPND+), causante de la enfermedad de necrosis hepatopancreática aguda en camarones. En estas concentraciones, se observaron zonas de crecimiento de 15,00 ± 0,50 milímetros (mm) para 3.000 ppm y 17,00 ± 0,30 mm para 5.000 ppm, respectivamente. Se obtuvo una sobrevivencia del 60% para ambas dosis, el doble de sobrevivencia que el control positivo 13,33% (4 organismos) a las 24 h post-infección. En los organismos control positivo se observaron alteraciones histopatológicas en los túbulos del hepatopáncreas con desprendimiento celular severo e infiltración hemocítica dentro del tejido conectivo intertubular. En los organismos tratados con BACTI-NIL®AQUA solo se observaron estructuras vermiformes en el lúmen de los túbulos del hepatopáncreas. Con los resultados del presente estudio se puede concluir que BACTI-NIL®AQUA adicionado al alimento es una alternativa prometedora para el control de V. parahaemolyticus en cultivo de camarón.

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Publicado
2022-07-31
Cómo citar
Morales-Covarrubias, M. S., Bolan-Mejía, M. del C., Gracía-Aguilar, N., Isern-Subich, M.-M., Hernández-González, G., & Nuez-Ortín, W. G. (2022). Eficacia de BACTI-NIL®AQUA en infección experimental con Vibrio parahaemolyticus en juveniles de Litopenaeus vannamei. Revista Científica De La Facultad De Ciencias Veterinarias De La Universidad Del Zulia, 32, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.52973/rcfcv-e32148
Sección
Medicina Veterinaria