Isrun Engelhardt (1941-2022). In Memoriam

  • Jorge M. González Austin Achieve Public Schools, Austin, Texas, United States of America.

Resumen

It was around 2009 when I met Isrun. I was researching about Ernst Schäfer’s times in Venezuela, when I was suggested to contact her. Isrun (Fig. 1) was a worldwide recognized Tibetan historian, who had thoroughly researched the 1938-1939 Schäfer-Tibet expedition probing that contrary to myth and misinterpretations, it was truly a scientific endeavor, “in intention and execution” (Anonymous 2022). I discussed with her all the information I had already gathered from my investigation sources and she, without hesitation, shared articles and information she had obtained on the bright and complex explorer and naturalist.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jorge M. González, Austin Achieve Public Schools, Austin, Texas, United States of America.

Austin Achieve Public Schools, Austin, Texas (Research Associate, McGuire Center for Lepidoptera & Biodiversity), United States of America.

Citas

Anonymous. 2022. Isrun Engelhardt. Scholar who probed the truth about the Nazis and the prewar Schäfer scientific expedition to Tibet. The Telegraph, June 23. Retrieved from: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/obituaries/2022/06/23/is-run-englehardt-scholar-who-probed-truth-schafer-prewar- expedition/

Bayer, A. 2012. The Lama wearing trousers: Notes on an iron statue in a German private collection. Hamburg: Zentrum für Buddhismuskunde. Retrieved from: https://info-buddhism. com/Bayer_2012-Trousers.pdf

Blondeau, A-M., K. Buffetrille, F. Robin & H. Stoddard. 2008. Réponse sur les liens entre le dalaï-lama et les nazis. Tribune. Libé. Retrieved from: https://www.liberation.fr/ tribune/2008/05/06/reponse-sur-les-liens-entre-le-dalai-la- ma-et-les-nazis_71041/?outputType=amp

Engelhardt, I. 2003. The Ernst-Schäfer-Tibet-Expedition (1938-1939): New light on the political history of Tibet in the first half of the 20th century. pp. 187−230. In: McKay, A. (ed.). Tibet and her neighbours: A history. London: Edition Hansjörg Mayer.

Engelhardt, I. 2004. Tibetan triangle: German, Tibetan and British relations in the context of Ernst Schäfer’s Expedition, 1938-1939. Asiatische Studien 58(1): 57−114.

Engelhardt, I. 2017. The strange case of the ‘Buddha from Space’. Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines 42: 39−67.

González, J. M. 2010. Ernst Schäfer (1910-1992) - from the mountains of Tibet to the Northern Cordillera of Venezuela. A biographical sketch. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia 159: 83−96.

González, J. M. 2011. Del Tibet a Rancho Grande. A 100 años del nacimiento del investigador Ernst Schäfer. Museos.ve 1(3): 20−22.

Heinrich, B. 2007. The snoring bird. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 461 pp.

Horlemann, B. & J. Bray. 2022. In Memoriam: Dr Isrun Engelhardt (1941–2022). International Association for Tibetan Studies. Retrieved from: http://www.iats.info/author/rob- inf/

Rogers, M. 2000. The SS-Ahnenerbe and the 1938/39 German- Tibet Expedition. Atlanta, Georgia: Georgia State University, 102 pp. [M.A. Thesis]

Zetttler de Vareschi, L. 2011. Ahora escribo con plumas de loro. Una Meckenburgueña en Venezuela. Caracas: Oscar Todmann Editores, 250 pp.

Engelhardt, I. 1974. Mission und Politik in Byzanz. Ein Beitrag zur Strukcturanalyse byzantischer Mission zur Zeit Justins und Justinians (Miscellanea Byzantian Monacensia 19). München: Institut für Bynzantinistik und Neugriechische Philologie der Universität München, 217 pp.

Engelhardt, I. 1999. Zur Entfremdung des Europäers: Gastfreundschaft und Abbau von Fremdheit in den Beziehungen von Tibetern und Europäern im 18. Jahrhundert. pp. 183−202. In: Rothermund, D. (ed.). Aneignung und Selbstbehauptung: Antworten auf die europäische Expansion. München: Oldenbourg.

Engelhardt, I. 2001. Perlen, Pelze und Pistolen: Facetten des Geschenkaustausches zwischen Tibetern und Europäern vorwiegend im 18. Jahrhundert. pp. 85−102. In: Kollmar- Paulenz, K. & P. Christian (eds.). Tractata Tibetica et Mongolica. Festschrift für Klaus Sagaster zum 65. Geburtstag, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Engelhardt, I. 2002. The closing of the gates: Tibetan-European relations at the end of the eighteenth century, in Tibet, past and present. pp. 229−245. In: Blezer, H. & A. Zadoks (eds.). Tibetan studies 1: PIATS 2000: Proceedings of the Ninth Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Leiden 2000, International Association for Tibetan Studies. Leiden: Brill.

Engelhardt, I. 2003. The Ernst-Schäfer-Tibet-Expedition (1938-1939): New light on the political history of Tibet in the first half of the 20th century. pp. 187−230. In: McKay, A. (ed.). Tibet and her neighbours: A history. London: Edition Hansjörg Mayer.

Engelhardt, I. 2004. Tibetan triangle: German, Tibetan and British relations in the context of Ernst Schäfer’s Expedition, 1938-1939. Asiatische Studien 58(1): 57−114.

Engelhardt, I. 2005. Between tolerance and dogmatism: Tibetan reactions to the Capuchin missionaries in Lhasa, 1707- 1745. Zentralasiatische Studien 34: 55−97.

Engelhardt, I. 2005. Ernst Schäfer, Zoologe. pp. 503−504. In: Historische Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (ed.). Neue DeutscheBiographie, Vol. 22. Ber- lin: Duncker und Humblot Verlag.

Engelhardt, I. (ed.). 2007. Tibet in 1938-1939. Photographs from the Ernst Schäfer Expedition to Tibet. Chicago: Serindia, 296 pp.

Engelhardt, I. 2007. Tibet in 1938–1939: The Ernst Schäfer Expedition to Tibet. pp. 11−61. In:

Engelhardt, I. (ed.). Tibet in 1938-1939: Photographs from the Ernst Schäfer Expedition to Tibet. Chicago: Serindia.

Engelhardt, I. 2008. Mishandled mail: The strange case of the Reting Regent’s Letters to Hitler. Zentral-Asiatische Studien 37: 77−106. Retrieved from: https://infobuddhism.com/

Mishandled_Mail_Retings_Letters_to_Hitler_Engelhardt. Html Engelhardt, I. 2009. Nazis of Tibet: A Twentieth Century myth. pp. 63−96. In: Esposito, M. Images of Tibet in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Paris: École française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO), coll. Études thématiques 22, vol. I. Retrieved from: https://info-buddhism.com/Nazis-of-Tibet-A-Twentieth- Century-Myth_Engelhardt.html

Engelhardt, I. 2009. Die Ernst Schäfer Tibetexpedition 1938– 1939. In: Klemens, L. Brennpunkt Tibet März. Retrieved from: https://web.archive.org/web/20100223053308/ http:/info-buddhismus.de/Ernst-Schaefer-Tibetexpedition- Engelhardt.html

Engelhardt, I. 2009. Tibet und der Nationalsozialismus: Fakten und Fiktionen. pp. 44−47. In: Tibet und Buddhismus 3. Retrieved from: https://info-buddhismus.de/Tibet_und_Na- tionalsozialismus-Fakten_Fiktionen-Engelhardt.html

Engelhardt, I. 2010. Tharchin’s Melong. pp. 1−22. In: Walravens, H. (ed.). The first Tibetan serial: August Hermann Francke’s La-dvags-kyi-ag-bâr (1904 – 1907): Facsimile of a unique set in the Archives of the Evangelische Brüderunität, Herrnhut. Neuerwerbungen der Ostasienabteilung. Sonderheft 22. Berlin: Staatsbibliothek.

Engelhardt, I. 2011. Praise for Sikkim from 1938: Sikkim in original quotes by the Ernst Schäfer Expedition. pp. 191−206. In: Balicki-Denjongpa, A. & A. McKay. Buddhist Himalaya: Studies in religion, history and culture. Volume II: The Sikkim papers. Gangtok: Namgyal Institute of Tibetology.

Engelhardt, I. 2011. Reflections in The Tibet Mirror: News of the World, 1937-1946. pp. 205−264. In: Tuttle, G. Mapping the Modern in Tibet. Andiast: International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies (IITBS).

Engelhardt, I. 2012. Tharchin’s one man war with Mao. pp. 183−209. In: Vitali, R., Studies on the history and literature of Tibet and the Himalaya. Kathmandu: Vajra Publications.

Engelhardt, I. 2013. The holy city of Lhasa: Dream and destination for Sven Hedin and Ernst Schäfer. pp. 207−224. In: Junginger, H. & A. Åkerlund (eds.). Nordic ideology between religion and scholarship. Frankfurt/M: Peter Lang.

Engelhardt, I. 2013. Tharchin’s Tibet Mirror: A Christian oriented newspaper? pp. 129−155. In: Weirong, S. Historical and philological studies of China’s western regions 6. Beijing: Science Press.

Engelhardt, I. 2015. Italian Capuchins as the first western healers in Lhasa, 1707-1945. pp. 195−210. In: Ramble, C. & U. Roesler (eds.). Tibetan and Himalayan healing. An anthology for Anthony Aris. Kathmandu: Vajra Books.

Engelhardt, I. 2017. Un mythe occultiste démasqué – les prétendus liens entre le Tibet et le National-socialisme. Saint-Genis-La- val: Akbrieia, 120 pp.

Engelhardt, I. 2017. The strange case of the ‘Buddha from Space’. Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines 42: 39−67. http://himalaya.so-canth.cam.ac.uk/collections/journals/ret/pdf/ret_42_02.pdf Engelhardt, I. 2018. The Quip as the Whip: Political cartoons in the Melong. pp. 41−57. In: Wang-Toutain, F. & M. Preziosi. Cahiers du Mirror. Paris: Collège de France.

Engelhardt, I. 2019. L’évolution de l’image du Tibet dans la pensée et les écrits de Nicolas Roerich: d’une spiritualité exaltée à un chamanisme dépravé. pp. 201−238. In: Savelli, D. Autour de Nicolas Roerich : art, ésotérisme, orientalisme et politique, Slavica Occitania, 48. Retrieved from: https:// revues.univ-tlse2.fr/slavicaoccitania/index.php?id=2181&- file=1

Engelhardt, I. 2020. An indigenous Tibetan name for Mount Everest? pp. 245−264. In: Bischoff, J., P. Maurer & C. Ramble (eds.). On a day of a month of the Fire Bird Year. Festschrift for Peter Schwieger on the occasion of his 65 birthday. Bhaira- hawa: Lumbini International Research Institute.
Publicado
2022-10-17
Cómo citar
González, J. M. (2022). Isrun Engelhardt (1941-2022). In Memoriam. Anartia, (34), 102-105. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7131604
Sección
Obituario