https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/issue/feed Revista de la Universidad del Zulia 2022-09-15T04:04:44+00:00 Imelda Rincón Finol y Reyber Parra revistadeluz@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>La <strong><em>Revista de la Universidad del Zulia</em></strong> es un órgano científico de difusión de trabajos parciales o definitivos de investigadores y/o equipos de investigación nacionales y extranjeros. La revista posee un carácter multidiscliplinario, por ello su temática se divide en tres grandes ejes: a. ciencias del agro, ingeniería y tecnología; b. ciencias exactas, naturales y de la salud. c) ciencias sociales y arte. Su publicación es cuatrimestral. Cada número, de los tres del año, se corresponde con uno de los tres ejes temáticos.</p> https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38686 Sistema monetario digital y relaciones sociales: realidades jurídicas y perspectivas del mecanismo de implementación 2022-09-08T19:39:34+00:00 Evgen Kharytonov revistadeluz@gmail.com Anatoliy Kostruba revistadeluz@gmail.com Iryna Davydova revistadeluz@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid2" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 276.338px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991898);" role="presentation">Este texto ofrece una reflexión sobre los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 420.74px; top: 276.338px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992117);" role="presentation">aspectos legales de la implementación del sistema de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 303.262px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00812);" role="presentation">dinero digital en Ucrania y en el extranjero. Los autores también analizaron y modelaron las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 330.186px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02168);" role="presentation">direcciones de desarrollo de las relaciones sociales que surgen del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 647.211px; top: 330.186px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03318);" role="presentation">uso del dinero digital en </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 357.142px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00762);" role="presentation">varias esferas de la vida de las personas. En particular, los autores del estudio</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 733.324px; top: 357.142px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0199);" role="presentation">identifican</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 827.796px; top: 357.142px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 383.687px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11539);" role="presentation">detalles del impacto del sistema monetario digital para garantizar la estabilidad y la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 410.612px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06678);" role="presentation">implementación de la política monetaria en la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 497.721px; top: 410.612px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03659);" role="presentation">esfera financiera. Asimismo, se analiza el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 437.536px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01052);" role="presentation">impacto potencial del uso del dinero digital en el sistema bancario. Los autores investigaron </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 464.46px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09964);" role="presentation">la posibilidad de garantizar la transparencia de las transacciones y el control sobre la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 491.053px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03254);" role="presentation">circulación del dinero digita</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 327.8px; top: 491.053px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 333.109px; top: 491.053px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 343.727px; top: 491.053px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02696);" role="presentation">y propusieron los mecanismos legales apropiados que deben </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 517.977px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00396);" role="presentation">implementarse para el funcionamiento efectivo del sistema de dinero digital.</span></span></p> 2022-09-04T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38695 Criminalidad y migración en Chile, una mirada desde los medios comunicacionales 2022-09-05T17:19:05+00:00 Pedro Luís Bracho Fuenmayor pbrachof@academicos.uta.cl <p><span id="page104R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01846);" role="presentation">El propósito</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 196.134px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00767);" role="presentation">es</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 217.37px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01301);" role="presentation">analizar la correspondencia entre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.825px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01941);" role="presentation">crimin</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 550.432px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01364);" role="presentation">alidad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.829px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981218);" role="presentation">y migración en Chile,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 784.518px; top: 351.454px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01717);" role="presentation">una mirada</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 378.378px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988476);" role="presentation">desde los medios comunicacionales,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 386.958px; top: 378.378px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992999);" role="presentation">tomando en cuenta la realidad en cuanto a la percepción que </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 117.216px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997062);" role="presentation">chilenos tienen de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 297.795px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996657);" role="presentation">venezolanos como inmigrantes.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 559.944px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.969803);" role="presentation">Es</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 583.834px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01766);" role="presentation">un estudio documental,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 781.864px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01037);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 815.614px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00748);" role="presentation">análisis </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01948);" role="presentation">de distintos autores como</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 302.725px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 311.067px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01215);" role="presentation">Gutiérrez et al (2020), Guillén</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 567.149px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98612);" role="presentation">et al.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 610.379px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.967899);" role="presentation">(2019),</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.618px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.961151);" role="presentation">Leiva et a</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 750.357px; top: 432.227px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.980905);" role="presentation">l. (2020), Bahar</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 458.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0483);" role="presentation">et al. (2020),</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid9" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid10" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.372px; top: 458.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01383);" role="presentation">Servicio Jesuita de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 369.135px; top: 458.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00291);" role="presentation">Migración</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid12" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid13" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 461.695px; top: 458.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03223);" role="presentation">(2020, 2021) Organización Internacional para las </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">M</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 108.114px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01213);" role="presentation">igraciones (2018), entre otros</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 352.402px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid17" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid18" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 361.551px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03652);" role="presentation">quienes han pretendido</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 563.736px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01552);" role="presentation">visibilizar la situación</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid20" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid21" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 753.012px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02722);" role="presentation">experi</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid22" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 804.996px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05097);" role="presentation">menta</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid23" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 857.328px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05642);" role="presentation">da</span></span> <span id="page104R_mcid25" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 512.668px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06429);" role="presentation">por</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid26" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid27" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 125.558px; top: 512.668px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05533);" role="presentation">muchos inmigrantes cuando llegan a otros países</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid28" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 556.12px; top: 512.668px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03096);" role="presentation">para</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid29" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid30" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 599.761px; top: 512.668px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05851);" role="presentation">mejorar su calidad de vida, y no </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid31" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 539.592px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03637);" role="presentation">encuentran comprensión y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid32" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.789px; top: 539.592px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02826);" role="presentation">empatía</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid33" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid34" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 392.646px; top: 539.592px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03887);" role="presentation">para superar las carencias y demostrar sus habilidades en</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid35" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 566.137px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00102);" role="presentation">emple</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid36" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 139.969px; top: 566.137px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13956);" role="presentation">os que pueden contribuir con su existencia. El resultado deter</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid37" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 712.815px; top: 566.137px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.15157);" role="presentation">minante es que la </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid38" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00697);" role="presentation">información y noticias,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid39" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 286.039px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02304);" role="presentation">de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid40" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid41" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 311.447px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01018);" role="presentation">medios de comunicación</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid42" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 523.128px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">(</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid44" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 531.092px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01269);" role="presentation">radial, impresa, digital</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid45" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 717.745px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">)</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid46" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid47" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 731.397px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00972);" role="presentation">afecta la realidad</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid48" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 872.923px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span> <span id="page104R_mcid50" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 620.018px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00556);" role="presentation">influyendo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid51" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid52" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 183.24px; top: 620.018px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00803);" role="presentation">en la percepción de los chilenos ante estos inmigrantes</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid53" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 635.408px; top: 620.018px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38697 Vías administrativas y legales para mejorar la calidad de los procesos productivos y logísticos en el ámbito de la alimentación infantil 2022-09-05T18:06:51+00:00 Natalia Kolbina pyvovaryi@gmail.com Oleksandr Voroniatnikov pyvovaryi@gmail.com Yuriy Pyvovar pyvovaryi@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid2" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 281.267px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0238);" role="presentation">Propósito: sugerir las formas de mejorar la calidad de los procesos productivos y logísticos de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 308.192px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05632);" role="presentation">alimentos infantiles desde el punto de vista de la regulación administrativa y legal. La base </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 335.148px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98938);" role="presentation">metodológica es el uso de métodos científicos generales (observaci</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 633.511px; top: 335.148px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997692);" role="presentation">ón, experimentación, análisis, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 362.072px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03154);" role="presentation">síntesis, inducción, deducción, analogía, sistematización, clasificación) y métodos científicos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 388.617px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03014);" role="presentation">especiales (análisis comparativo, jurídico, etc.). Resultados: se han identificado siete áreas de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 415.541px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.16303);" role="presentation">mejora de la calidad de los pro</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 382.407px; top: 415.541px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09944);" role="presentation">cesos productivos y logísticos de alimentación infantil. </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 442.466px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03466);" role="presentation">Conclusiones: mejorar la calidad de los procesos de producción y logística de alimentos para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 469.437px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06908);" role="presentation">bebés en Ucrania implica el desarrollo y la implementación de un conjunto de medidas de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04392);" role="presentation">carácter</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 170.112px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0467);" role="presentation">administr</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 251.12px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991112);" role="presentation">ativo,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 309.768px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991557);" role="presentation">económico,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 417.275px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0054);" role="presentation">organizacional,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 556.544px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.957195);" role="presentation">legal,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 612.53px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04208);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 645.847px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03396);" role="presentation">marketing</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 745.02px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 767.75px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994087);" role="presentation">logístico.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 855.948px; top: 495.983px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.944247);" role="presentation">La </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 522.907px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00854);" role="presentation">producción y circulación de alimentos para bebés es un proceso largo y complicado, cada etapa </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 549.831px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06695);" role="presentation">del cual requiere un seguimiento constante tanto de los procesos tecnológicos como de las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 576.787px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0128);" role="presentation">ma</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 114.561px; top: 576.787px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02833);" role="presentation">terias primas, las condiciones de almacenamiento, el transporte y la venta. Sin embargo, la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 603.332px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05386);" role="presentation">tarea principal de garantizar la calidad y seguridad de los alimentos para bebés es tomar las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 630.257px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01299);" role="presentation">medidas necesarias por parte del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 363.826px; top: 630.257px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 375.582px; top: 630.257px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01644);" role="presentation">stado para implementar los principio</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 681.34px; top: 630.257px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99408);" role="presentation">s del sistema HACCP y,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 657.181px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02345);" role="presentation">en consecuencia, adaptar la legislación nacional en el campo de los alimentos para bebés a las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 684.105px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00585);" role="presentation">normas y estándares de la Unión Europea.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38698 Superación de la crisis ambiental en el sector forestal de Ucrania en el contexto del paradigma ecocéntrico 2022-09-12T16:32:03+00:00 Оlena Gulac lenagulac8118@ukr.net Roman Oleksenko roman.xdsl@ukr.net Volodymyr Kaluha kalugavl@nubip.edu.ua Olena Kravchenko olenakravchenko2@gmail.com Nataliia Yukhymenko Natale_ux@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 258.135px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07608);" role="presentation">El propósito de la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 253.806px; top: 258.135px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06007);" role="presentation">investigación es determinar y fundamentar la necesidad de armonizar la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid16" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 284.68px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997428);" role="presentation">legislación ambiental de Ucrania y la U</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid17" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 413.882px; top: 284.68px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01082);" role="presentation">nión Europea</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid18" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 529.196px; top: 284.68px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995568);" role="presentation">en el campo de los recursos forestales, con </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid20" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 311.636px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02277);" role="presentation">base en el prisma del "paradigma ecocéntrico y una nueva visión del mundo". Para lograr e</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid21" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 853.536px; top: 311.636px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05481);" role="presentation">ste </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid22" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 338.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03661);" role="presentation">objetivo, se utilizaron métodos de cognición científicos generales y científicos especiales, en </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid23" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05079);" role="presentation">particular</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid24" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 171.864px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid25" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid26" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 179.827px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986996);" role="presentation">dialéctico, lógico</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid27" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.41px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid28" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 326.236px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998458);" role="presentation">formal, análisis y síntesis, estructural</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid29" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 629.719px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid30" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 636.545px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985951);" role="presentation">sistémico, legal</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid31" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 762.113px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid32" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 768.97px; top: 365.485px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01);" role="presentation">comparativo,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid33" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 392.03px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.975306);" role="presentation">legal</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid34" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 128.213px; top: 392.03px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid35" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 135.039px; top: 392.03px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02089);" role="presentation">formal, pronóstico.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid36" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 301.966px; top: 392.03px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01251);" role="presentation">Se incluye l</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid37" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 399.851px; top: 392.03px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05018);" role="presentation">a creación de la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid38" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid39" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 541.33px; top: 392.03px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0465);" role="presentation">estrategia ambiental de Ucrania, que se </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid40" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 418.954px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03527);" role="presentation">basaría en los principios del desarrollo sostenible, sobre la base de la necesidad de uso de los </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid41" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 445.926px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04956);" role="presentation">bosques verdes. Cabe señalar que la armonización de la legislación ucraniana y de la U</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid42" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 840.263px; top: 445.926px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02829);" role="presentation">nión</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 472.85px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid44" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 101.289px; top: 472.85px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03265);" role="presentation">uropea</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid45" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid46" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 162.383px; top: 472.85px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991191);" role="presentation">tiene como objetivo</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid47" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid48" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 327.753px; top: 472.85px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00068);" role="presentation">implementar garantías legales de aplicación integrada del principio </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid49" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 499.395px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07019);" role="presentation">de beneficio mutuo y cooperación ambiental para liberalizar las relaciones económicas de </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid50" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 526.32px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998237);" role="presentation">Ucrania con sus vecinos, por un lado, y prevenir daños ambientales. Se propone implementar un </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid51" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 553.244px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00199);" role="presentation">conj</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid52" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 124.8px; top: 553.244px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02191);" role="presentation">unto de medidas, partiendo desde el más alto nivel estatal, encaminadas a mejorar el nivel </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid53" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 580.2px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99536);" role="presentation">de ecologización de los recursos forestales.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38700 La jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos sobre la protección de los Derechos Humanos y las libertades en términos de protección de la seguridad nacional 2022-09-05T23:28:24+00:00 Yevhen Bilousov eulaw22@gmail.com Yevdokiia Streltsova streltsova27@onu.edu.ua Denys Chyzhov dennchz@gmail.com Nail Ibad Abbasov n.abbasov_771@yahoo.com Svitlana Poliarush-Safronenko svietlanavasden_25@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid2" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 312.742px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998724);" role="presentation">El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las prácticas del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 339.698px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993551);" role="presentation">para resolver disputas relacionadas con violaciones de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 563.357px; top: 339.698px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 577.388px; top: 339.698px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">erechos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 644.556px; top: 339.698px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">H</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 660.104px; top: 339.698px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999348);" role="presentation">umanos y las libertades</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 366.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03231);" role="presentation">y la protección de la seguridad nacional. El tema elegido fue estudiado</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 694.233px; top: 366.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03256);" role="presentation">exhaustivamente a </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12138);" role="presentation">través de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 184.529px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13261);" role="presentation">los métodos de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 336.411px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04358);" role="presentation">investigación empíricos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 552.205px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 574.177px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0107);" role="presentation">teóricos,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 657.46px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14394);" role="presentation">así como del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 788.087px; top: 393.168px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00148);" role="presentation">análisis</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 420.092px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06925);" role="presentation">comparativo. El trabajo del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos en el campo de la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01421);" role="presentation">protección de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 235.951px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 249.635px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">erechos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 317.514px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">H</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 333.062px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00356);" role="presentation">umanos y las libertades en términos de segu</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 694.992px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0167);" role="presentation">ridad nacional está </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 473.988px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01805);" role="presentation">relacionado con la resolución de disputas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 438.152px; top: 473.988px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00742);" role="presentation">con respecto a:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 566.77px; top: 473.988px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0077);" role="presentation">las restricciones a la privacidad, el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 500.533px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997488);" role="presentation">acceso a la justicia, la libertad de expresión y la libertad de reunión pacífica para proteger los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 527.457px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00777);" role="presentation">propios intereses. Las disposiciones rela</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 421.846px; top: 527.457px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999567);" role="presentation">tivas del marco jurídico nacional y el Convenio para </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 554.382px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00845);" role="presentation">la Protección de los Derechos Humanos y las Libertades Fundamentales determinan en gran</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 581.338px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05471);" role="presentation">medida el papel del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos en la resolución de litigios </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 607.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00236);" role="presentation">relacionados con el respeto d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 328.132px; top: 607.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.968409);" role="presentation">e los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 369.135px; top: 607.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 382.787px; top: 607.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">erechos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 450.319px; top: 607.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">H</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 465.867px; top: 607.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996269);" role="presentation">umanos y las libertades, así como la protección </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 634.807px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00338);" role="presentation">de los derechos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 220.783px; top: 634.807px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998387);" role="presentation">a la seguridad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 339.129px; top: 634.807px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00309);" role="presentation">nacional. La jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 661.731px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01964);" role="presentation">Humanos indica el estado actual de la aplicación de recursos legales a nivel internacional y </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 688.656px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01594);" role="presentation">naciona</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 154.417px; top: 688.656px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0696);" role="presentation">l para garantizar la seguridad nacional</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 488.619px; top: 688.656px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 501.134px; top: 688.656px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06357);" role="presentation">mediante la aplicación de sanciones y la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 715.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00382);" role="presentation">imposición de restricciones a los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 362.688px; top: 715.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 376.719px; top: 715.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">erechos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 444.599px; top: 715.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">H</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 460.178px; top: 715.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00229);" role="presentation">umanos y las libertades.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38701 Efecto directo e indirecto de las directrices de la Unión Europea en el contexto de las decisiones del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea 2022-09-05T23:52:06+00:00 Stepan Burak vitalik_gutnik@ukr.net Ivan Bratsuk vitalik_gutnik@ukr.net Vitalii Gutnyk vitalik_gutnik@ukr.net Yuliia Petrenko vitalik_gutnik@ukr.net Iryna Yavorska vitalik_gutnik@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid3" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 315.428px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05307);" role="presentation">El objetivo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 191.962px; top: 315.428px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10147);" role="presentation">de este artículo es analizar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 437.394px; top: 315.428px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10082);" role="presentation">el efecto directo de las direct</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 698.405px; top: 315.428px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05071);" role="presentation">ri</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 712.056px; top: 315.428px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03433);" role="presentation">ces</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 746.217px; top: 315.428px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09032);" role="presentation">de la UE en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 341.974px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09787);" role="presentation">las relaciones ju</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 235.572px; top: 341.974px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.121);" role="presentation">rídicas verticales y horizontales, así como el efecto indirecto de las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 368.898px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06243);" role="presentation">direc</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 133.522px; top: 368.898px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09651);" role="presentation">trices</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 188.549px; top: 368.898px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08113);" role="presentation">de la UE en el contexto de las deci</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.445px; top: 368.898px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07833);" role="presentation">siones del Tribunal de Justicia de la UE.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 395.822px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 101.668px; top: 395.822px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08736);" role="presentation">n particular, se presta atención al estudio de las posiciones jurídicas consolidadas en </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 422.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09352);" role="presentation">cuanto</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 160.487px; top: 422.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.17217);" role="presentation">a la posibilidad del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 353.587px; top: 422.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12611);" role="presentation">“efecto directo vertical”, “efecto directo horizontal” y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06114);" role="presentation">“efecto indirecto” de las direct</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 356.242px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05215);" role="presentation">rices</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 402.885px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06116);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 429.43px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01729);" role="presentation">la UE.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid4" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 488.619px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06866);" role="presentation">En la investigación se utilizaron&nbsp; m</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 793.24px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07958);" role="presentation">étodos</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid6" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 476.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06858);" role="presentation">dialécticos, comparativos</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 312.584px; top: 476.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.789px; top: 476.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06861);" role="presentation">jurídicos, históricos y dogmáticos formales.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid9" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid10" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 710.16px; top: 476.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0772);" role="presentation">Como resultado</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 503.188px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06228);" role="presentation">de</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 110.769px; top: 503.188px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08347);" role="presentation">l análisis se llegó a la conclusión de que las direct</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 553.497px; top: 503.188px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06169);" role="presentation">rices</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 601.278px; top: 503.188px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08877);" role="presentation">de la UE, que son utilizadas</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid16" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.15905);" role="presentation">por los tribunales nacionales</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 372.595px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07494);" role="presentation">pa</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid17" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 394.542px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0432);" role="presentation">ra</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 423.662px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13474);" role="presentation">cumplir con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 547.818px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.15632);" role="presentation">sus obligaciones en cuanto</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid18" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 814.097px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 835.681px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995685);" role="presentation">la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid20" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 556.657px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08008);" role="presentation">respectiva interpretación, no pueden ser consideradas con efecto directo, pues en tales</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid21" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 583.613px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">c</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid22" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 99.0132px; top: 583.613px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1236);" role="presentation">ontroversias sirven como medio para determinar el alcance de otras disposiciones </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid23" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 610.537px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13272);" role="presentation">legales que el tribunal nacional trate</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid24" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 435.118px; top: 610.537px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14285);" role="presentation">o interprete. En tales situaciones, la di</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid25" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 792.103px; top: 610.537px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09978);" role="presentation">rect</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid26" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 826.611px; top: 610.537px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12714);" role="presentation">riz</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid27" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid28" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 637.082px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11143);" role="presentation">puede aplicarse en casos de manera indirecta, es decir, en virtud de otra disposición </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid29" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 664.007px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">(</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid30" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 97.8756px; top: 664.007px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07161);" role="presentation">nacional), tal como se interpreta.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38702 Relación Derecho privado y Derecho público: dualismo de las ramas del Derecho en la sociedad 2022-09-06T00:45:20+00:00 Kateryna Mudrytska mudritckaya@gmail.com Natalya Panova panova.ns.ua@gmail.com Olha Melnyk olgamelnik_1987@ukr.net Oleksii Kucherenko kucherenko-aleksus@ukr.net Tetiana Arifkhodzhaieva ariftabo@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid4" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 282.247px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05056);" role="presentation">El propósito de la investigación. El artículo se ocupa de investigar las relaciones entre el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 309.029px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996556);" role="presentation">derecho público y privado en Ucrania. Contenido principal. Se analiza el aspecto histórico de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 335.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01214);" role="presentation">este problema y la justificación de su relevancia actual para Ucrania</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 653.957px; top: 335.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991183);" role="presentation">. Metodología: Revisión </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 363.067px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10825);" role="presentation">de materiales y métodos sobre la base del análisis de materiales documentales sobre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02164);" role="presentation">problemas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 191.076px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01346);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 225.192px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00213);" role="presentation">relación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 306.447px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07618);" role="presentation">mutua</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 375.785px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 399.088px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03687);" role="presentation">interdependencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 558.281px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01651);" role="presentation">del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 598.622px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02409);" role="presentation">derecho</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 679.878px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02483);" role="presentation">público</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 757.16px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 781.57px; top: 389.834px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01399);" role="presentation">privado.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 416.568px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07543);" role="presentation">Conclusiones. El equilibrio óptimo de los intereses públicos y privado</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 708.027px; top: 416.568px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07436);" role="presentation">s puede lograrse </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 443.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02053);" role="presentation">considerando el problema de la relación mutua y la interdependencia del derecho público y </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 470.069px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991266);" role="presentation">privado en un aspecto dualista. La oposición de intereses públicos y privados en la regulación </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 496.804px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05051);" role="presentation">estatal por la vía legal es inaceptable, ya que es a t</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 522.48px; top: 496.804px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0305);" role="presentation">ravés de la agilización de la regulación </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02483);" role="presentation">público</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 151.952px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 159.381px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08391);" role="presentation">jurídica de las relaciones público</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 451.346px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 458.74px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01042);" role="presentation">jurídicas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 540.161px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0076);" role="presentation">cómo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 595.937px; top: 524.108px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10495);" role="presentation">es posible lograr una óptima </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 550.842px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00276);" role="presentation">relación de intereses públicos y privados.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38703 Investigación criminológica sobre estadísticas relativas al examen judicial de procesos penales utilizando algoritmos de análisis de conjuntos 2022-09-06T08:52:05+00:00 Andriy Bohatyrov bohatyrov.prosecutor@gmail.com Kateryna Buriak buriak_kate@ukr.net Dmytro Kolodchyn kolodchin92@gmail.com Olha Pavliukh pavlyuh@gmail.com Maryna Larchenko urlinka2006@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00625);" role="presentation">El propósito de la investigación es revelar la esencia de la investigación criminológica sobre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997813);" role="presentation">estadísticas relacionadas con el examen judicial de procesos penales utilizando algoritmos de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01587);" role="presentation">análisis de conglomerados. Contenido principal. El artículo demuest</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 658.587px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01055);" role="presentation">ra el uso del método de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06127);" role="presentation">análisis de conglomerados en el proceso de investigación criminológica para identificar </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01119);" role="presentation">regiones de Ucrania con índices anormales de estadísticas legales. Se aplicaron métodos del </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01422);" role="presentation">módulo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 166.775px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 200.829px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00524);" role="presentation">Minería</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 280.016px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 314.07px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01045);" role="presentation">Datos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 375.831px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03115);" role="presentation">basados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 456.144px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03466);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 490.239px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988132);" role="presentation">STATISTICA</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 616.034px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04787);" role="presentation">(St</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 642.233px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04453);" role="presentation">atSoft)</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 714.13px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04142);" role="presentation">para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 764.854px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02019);" role="presentation">identificar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01389);" role="presentation">observaciones atípicas. Metodología: El método dialéctico del conocimiento científico es la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996889);" role="presentation">base metodológica de la investigación. Mediante la aplicación de este método se consideró la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05872);" role="presentation">esencia del examen judicial de los procesos pe</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 493.17px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0606);" role="presentation">nales utilizando algoritmos de análisis de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02188);" role="presentation">conglomerados (desarrollo, relación e influencia mutua de estos aspectos).</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid7" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 718.882px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03422);" role="presentation">Resultados</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 811.822px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.965625);" role="presentation">. Los </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid9" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05677);" role="presentation">índices cuantitativos del trabajo de los tribunales de apelación se analizaron en números </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid10" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03028);" role="presentation">absolutos, se realizó una presen</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 356.621px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0198);" role="presentation">tación gráfica y visualización de las etapas individuales del </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00154);" role="presentation">análisis realizado para demostrar el método, se describieron formas de aplicación práctica de </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07004);" role="presentation">los resultados obtenidos del análisis de conglomerados para mejorar la actividad de los </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 682.588px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02971);" role="presentation">tribunales e</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 187.791px; top: 682.588px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996771);" role="presentation">n los procesos penales.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38704 Sujetos involucrados en los procesos jurídicos administrativos: la normativa jurídica y sus características 2022-09-06T09:50:24+00:00 Olesia Volodymyrivna Marchenko marchenkoalesya@ukr.net Olesia Denysivna Marchenko marchenkoalesya@ukr.net Olha Viktorivna Pokataieva pokataeva.olga1978@gmail.com Vyacheslav Viacheslavovych Tylchyk tilchikvv@ukr.net Yuliia Andriivna Halaz yuliadrozdovska@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 277.855px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00953);" role="presentation">El objeto de la investigación es la regulación jurídica y la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 570.182px; top: 277.855px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02462);" role="presentation">caracterización de los sujetos que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 304.779px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07538);" role="presentation">intervienen en los procesos judiciales administrativos. Contenido principal. El artículo </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 331.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06109);" role="presentation">considera aproximaciones científicas y normativas a la definición de “sujeto de proceso </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00275);" role="presentation">judicial</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 166.385px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01587);" role="presentation">administrativo”</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 296.278px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 315.997px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 348.188px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03572);" role="presentation">ha</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 383.758px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00533);" role="presentation">investigado</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 494.687px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 524.584px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98368);" role="presentation">clasificación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 641.88px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 677.45px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02262);" role="presentation">sujetos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 750.596px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03466);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 785.797px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0205);" role="presentation">proceso </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01569);" role="presentation">administrativo. Metodología:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 338.371px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">i</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 343.68px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02959);" role="presentation">nvestigación de materiales y métodos a partir del análisis de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03136);" role="presentation">fuentes documentales</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 272.008px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 282.247px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03174);" role="presentation">la base es el método dialéctico de conocimiento de los hechos de la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05003);" role="presentation">realidad social, en el que se basan</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 387.716px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04797);" role="presentation">en gran medida los enfoques del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.239px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 685.891px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03489);" role="presentation">erecho formal y del </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 103.564px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01882);" role="presentation">erecho comparado. Conclusiones. La condición jurídica de los sujetos intervinientes en el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03796);" role="presentation">proceso judicial administrativo depende directamente de su definición legislativa, pero su </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 519.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01936);" role="presentation">realización está aso</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 252.289px; top: 519.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00834);" role="presentation">ciada a formas activas o pasivas de ejercicio de funciones de las partes y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09861);" role="presentation">demás intervinientes procesales en el respectivo proceso judicial. Se enfatiza que los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05126);" role="presentation">participantes del proceso administrativo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 433.981px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 445.01px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05372);" role="presentation">de acuerdo con las instrucciones del Código de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00023);" role="presentation">Proce</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 136.176px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0196);" role="presentation">dimientos Legales Administrativos (CALP) de Ucrania, dependiendo de su interés</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 824.715px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.575px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 626.844px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03458);" role="presentation">dividen en personas involucradas en el caso respectivo (partes, terceros, representantes de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05399);" role="presentation">las partes y representantes de terceros)</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 422.604px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 433.222px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05114);" role="presentation">y otros participantes (testigo, perito,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 750.768px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00706);" role="presentation">especialista, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 680.313px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02338);" role="presentation">etc.).</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38705 Aplicación de los principios constitucionales en la legislación penal de Ucrania 2022-09-06T10:18:03+00:00 Viacheslav Borysov borisov_v@ukr.net Vasyl Shakun crimburau@ukr.net Viktoria Babanina v774910@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 278.992px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03062);" role="presentation">El artículo examina la importancia de los principios constitucionales para el desarrollo del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 305.916px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 103.564px; top: 305.916px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02347);" role="presentation">erecho penal. Se investigan las principales direcciones de aplicación de los principios del </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 332.872px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 103.564px; top: 332.872px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01049);" role="presentation">erecho</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 162.383px; top: 332.872px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">p</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 173.381px; top: 332.872px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.983267);" role="presentation">enal en la legislación penal de Ucrania. Se determina que los principios del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 782.243px; top: 332.872px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 796.274px; top: 332.872px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01086);" role="presentation">erecho </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 359.797px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">p</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 100.53px; top: 359.797px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03154);" role="presentation">enal de Ucrania incluyen las principales disposiciones establecidas p</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 681.34px; top: 359.797px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02257);" role="presentation">or la ley o derivadas </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 386.342px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06111);" role="presentation">directamente de ella, proporcionan una descripción clara del contenido de esta rama del </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 413.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 103.564px; top: 413.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01981);" role="presentation">erecho y se utilizan en las actividades legislativas y de aplicación de la ley de los órganos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02943);" role="presentation">estatales. Utilizando métodos dialécticos e históri</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 506.822px; top: 440.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01682);" role="presentation">cos, se analizan los principios de derecho </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991088);" role="presentation">general del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 182.861px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 196.892px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01049);" role="presentation">erecho </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 256.081px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">P</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 267.078px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00144);" role="presentation">enal. Los problemas de contradicción de algunos institutos del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 782.243px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 796.274px; top: 467.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01086);" role="presentation">erecho </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 493.707px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02103);" role="presentation">penal con los principios constitucionales se revelan utilizando el método comparativo y los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 520.632px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987478);" role="presentation">métodos de análisis y síntesi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.789px; top: 520.632px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.971583);" role="presentation">s. La conclusión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 453.352px; top: 520.632px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.964825);" role="presentation">se enfoca en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 554.635px; top: 520.632px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984262);" role="presentation">la necesidad de definir los principios </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 547.556px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998578);" role="presentation">procesales penales como regla fundamental de conducta del proceso penal y del tribunal, que </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 574.48px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01927);" role="presentation">impregna todas las etapas del proceso, sustentada en la coacción procesal del Estado, y que </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 601.057px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05743);" role="presentation">tie</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 111.527px; top: 601.057px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01653);" role="presentation">ne por objeto garantizar la obtención de pruebas idóneas y admisibles y el desempeño de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 627.981px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998965);" role="presentation">las funciones propias del proceso penal en general.</span></span></p> 2022-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38706 Experiencia extranjera en regulación jurídica de investigación de fraudes 2022-09-06T15:28:07+00:00 Mykola Yefimov efffimovnick@gmail.com Natalia Pavlova Pavlova_Natalia_vvv@ukr.net Volodymyr Fedchenko mixayluz@ukr.net Viktor Pletenets Viktor_plet@i.ua Oleksandr Kryvopusk krivopusk.and@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 269.464px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00495);" role="presentation">El propósito de la investigación. El propósito del artículo es aclarar la experiencia extranjera</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 296.199px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05703);" role="presentation">en la regulación legal de la investigación del fraude. Contenido principal. Se consideran</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 323.123px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04589);" role="presentation">métodos para detectar abusos come</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 392.946px; top: 323.123px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04669);" role="presentation">tidos por personal de empresas extranjeras y métodos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 349.858px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00195);" role="presentation">para combatir tales abusos. Metodología: Revisión de materiales y métodos sobre la base del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 376.782px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03845);" role="presentation">análisis de la experiencia extranjera en materia de regulación legal de la investigación del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 403.564px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04709);" role="presentation">fraude. Conclusion</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 252.779px; top: 403.564px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.958908);" role="presentation">es.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 284.823px; top: 403.564px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11441);" role="presentation">Se ha observado que, a pesar de los documentos legislativos y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 430.489px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02666);" role="presentation">reglamentarios, el fraude y otros tipos de delitos cometidos por empleados de varias ramas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08173);" role="presentation">son un problema generalizado tanto</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 414.941px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07029);" role="presentation">en Ucrania</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 519.447px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07243);" role="presentation">como en el extranjero.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid7" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 724.839px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09979);" role="presentation">Se r</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 760.486px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03262);" role="presentation">esalt</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid9" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 799.165px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03619);" role="presentation">an</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid10" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 828.176px; top: 457.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996259);" role="presentation">las</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 484.148px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05493);" role="presentation">principales ár</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.515px; top: 484.148px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0722);" role="presentation">eas de actividad económica donde las pérdidas por fraude representan los </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 510.883px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00158);" role="presentation">mayores montos.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38707 Actividades preventivas de la Policía Nacional de Ucrania con respecto a violaciones de derechos y libertades de los desplazados internos 2022-09-06T16:09:53+00:00 Ivan Ishchenko Ishchenko_Ivan@ukr.net Kateryna Shvets Katerynachornackp@gmail.com Liudmyla Kupina liudmila.kupina@gmail.com Mykhailo Kulyk prok_mk@ukr.net Olha Bezpalova besolgigo@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid3" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02197);" role="presentation">El propósito de la investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 360.792px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03061);" role="presentation">consiste en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 459.799px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02928);" role="presentation">realizar una generalización teórica en cuanto a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.97918);" role="presentation">develar la esencia de las actividades preventivas de la Policía</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 584.593px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990561);" role="presentation">Nacional dirigidas a la exclusión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01912);" role="presentation">de violaciones a los derechos y libertades de los desplazados internos. Contenido principal.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01311);" role="presentation">Cabe señalar que hoy Ucrania se ha enfrentado a un problema desconocido: la necesidad de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00499);" role="presentation">resolver los problemas relacionados con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 425.259px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00146);" role="presentation">los migrantes forzosos, lo que requiere el desarrollo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08711);" role="presentation">de mecanismos efectivos para la realización del derecho a la protección social de esta</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0035);" role="presentation">categoría de población,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 285.66px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00681);" role="presentation">como parte de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 407.436px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986858);" role="presentation">las actividades de la Policía Nacional. Metodología: El</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03477);" role="presentation">método dialéctico del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 278.834px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02498);" role="presentation">conocimiento científico es la base metodológica de la investigación.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09662);" role="presentation">Conclusiones. Se ha establecido que la protección de los derechos y libertades de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0025);" role="presentation">desplazados internos dentro de las actividades de las fuerzas policiales preventivas se realiza </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02355);" role="presentation">medi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 131.247px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02986);" role="presentation">ante la observación de las siguientes normas: el principio de supremacía de la ley; las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04347);" role="presentation">fuerzas policiales preventivas garantizan la protección de los derechos y libertades de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01199);" role="presentation">desplazados internos independientemente de sus creencias políticas y afiliac</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 721.537px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03166);" role="presentation">ión partidaria</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.954px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38708 Principios regulatorios de la administración pública en el campo de la política ambiental estatal y regional como parte de la estrategia para el desarrollo sostenible de Ucrania 2022-09-08T11:27:12+00:00 Anton Borysenko lawyerborisenkoa@gmail.com Yevgen Volko lawyerborisenkoa@gmail.com Olena Puskina elenapushkina111063@gmail.com Mykola Potip potip87@meta.ua Yulia Leheza legezajul@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00919);" role="presentation">El propósito del artículo científico</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 378.236px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01724);" role="presentation">consiste en</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 474.588px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02482);" role="presentation">identificar</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 565.253px; top: 306.675px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01493);" role="presentation">los fundamentos administrativos y</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid16" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03276);" role="presentation">legales de la administración pública en el campo de la política ambiental</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid17" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 704.093px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid18" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 714.711px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03219);" role="presentation">y determinar las</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid20" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01301);" role="presentation">direcciones de su desarrollo en la etapa actual. Contenido principal.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid21" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid22" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 655.553px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01279);" role="presentation">Los autores del artículo</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid23" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02341);" role="presentation">establecieron</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid24" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid25" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 205.993px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03704);" role="presentation">que los principios de la administración pública en la ejecución de la política</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid26" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03073);" role="presentation">ambiental</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 185.389px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05353);" role="presentation">estatal</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 253.129px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 275.49px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07371);" role="presentation">autonómica deben</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 448.916px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02185);" role="presentation">cumplir</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 526.608px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02215);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 569.406px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.774px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03465);" role="presentation">requisitos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 700.463px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04208);" role="presentation">de</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid27" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 721.916px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid28" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid29" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 738.602px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00309);" role="presentation">accesibilidad,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid30" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01812);" role="presentation">oportunidad y confiabilidad de la información ambienta</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid31" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 555.772px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998715);" role="presentation">l; así como velar por la rendición de</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid32" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02813);" role="presentation">cuentas de los órganos ejecutivos y de los órganos de autogobierno local. La investigación</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid33" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991336);" role="presentation">utilizó métodos científicos generales y especiales, los principales de los cuales son: abstracto</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid34" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 844.482px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid35" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98954);" role="presentation">lógico, deductivo, inductivo,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid36" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 325.857px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99072);" role="presentation">histórico, modelado y pronóstico, métodos de análisis sistémico</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid37" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 844.482px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid38" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994739);" role="presentation">estructural, sistémico y funcional, económico</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid39" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 460.178px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid40" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 467.004px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03712);" role="presentation">estadístico</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid41" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 560.702px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02961);" role="presentation">(agrupación</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid42" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 665.034px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid44" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 677.927px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02209);" role="presentation">comparación)</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid45" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 793.24px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.965132);" role="presentation">. Como</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid46" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1199);" role="presentation">conclusión, los autores fundamentaron que las áreas prioritarias de la reforma de la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid47" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05062);" role="presentation">administración p</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid48" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 234.055px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">ública</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid49" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 284.902px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid50" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid51" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 297.037px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05964);" role="presentation">en la implementación de la política ambiental estatal y regional</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid52" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 846.757px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid53" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid54" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0103);" role="presentation">incluyen la viabilidad de crear y operar un servicio de información especial, cuyo contenido</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid55" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08112);" role="presentation">es la implementación de los</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid56" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 344.818px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid57" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 358.896px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">erechos</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid58" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 431.326px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">H</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid59" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 446.906px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08373);" role="presentation">umanos a un medio ambiente seguro, entorno</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid60" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 682.588px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984399);" role="presentation">favorable y de calidad.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38709 Exención del castigo a los servidores militares no aptos para el servicio militar pero sentenciados a restricción del servicio, arresto o detención en un batallón disciplinario 2022-09-08T19:26:03+00:00 Mykhailo Shmat m-shmat@borisfen.net Serhіi Shkolа shkola_s@ukr.net Serhii Hryshchak hryshchak@gmail.com Vsevolod Knyazev notarius_kn@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid3" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 319.6px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11235);" role="presentation">El propósito de la investigación. El propósito de este artículo consiste en aclarar las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 346.145px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06065);" role="presentation">peculiaridades de la liberación de la pena de los militares condenados a restricciones de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 373.069px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.980748);" role="presentation">servicio pero que no son a</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 299.691px; top: 373.069px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999377);" role="presentation">ptos para el servicio militar por razones de salud (liberación basada</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 399.994px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995507);" role="presentation">en la salud). La práctica judicial de liberar del castigo a los servidores militares condenados a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 426.918px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04433);" role="presentation">restricciones de servicio, arresto o detención en un batallón disciplinario pero que no</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 822.061px; top: 426.918px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0234);" role="presentation">son</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 453.51px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00336);" role="presentation">aptos para el servicio militar por razones de salud, es insignificante para influir en la política</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 480.435px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02684);" role="presentation">de ejecución penal en la esfera de la ejecución del castigo. Metodología: Consideración de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 507.359px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01903);" role="presentation">materiales y métodos (basados en el análisis de la legislación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.449px; top: 507.359px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03321);" role="presentation">de Ucrania) de liberación del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 534.283px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0171);" role="presentation">castigo de los militares sentenciados a la restricción del servicio pero que no son aptos para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 560.828px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00867);" role="presentation">el servicio militar por razones de salud. Conclusiones. Se ha establecido que existe una falta</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 587.784px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05224);" role="presentation">de coordinación adecuada de la legi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 397.955px; top: 587.784px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05451);" role="presentation">slación del ciclo penal de Ucrania (disposiciones del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 614.709px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999404);" role="presentation">Código Penal de Ucrania y el Código Penitenciario de Ucrania).</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38710 Regulación legal de la educación jurídica superior: Experiencia extranjera y perspectivas en Ucrania 2022-09-06T17:47:34+00:00 Vira Halunko vera.galunko.00@gmail.com Ivan Bohatyrov vanbogatyrov@gmail.com Oleh Shkuta vanbogatyrov@gmail.com Valeriia Bondar valeriai777@ukr.net Dmytro Karbovskyi karbovskyd@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 275.579px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04575);" role="presentation">El propósito de la investigación. El objeto del artículo es esclarecer la problemática de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 302.504px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03708);" role="presentation">educación jurídica superior en relación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 427.155px; top: 302.504px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02215);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 464.35px; top: 302.504px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04133);" role="presentation">los procesos de transformación que requieren</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 329.459px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04771);" role="presentation">regulación jurídica. Contenido principal. Se determina que es la institución de educación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 356.005px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996641);" role="presentation">superior el sujeto principal de formación de un profesional del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 602.416px; top: 356.005px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">D</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 616.068px; top: 356.005px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0061);" role="presentation">erecho capaz de desempeñar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 382.929px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02874);" role="presentation">tareas complejas de la etapa</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 330.407px; top: 382.929px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01513);" role="presentation">transformacional del desarrollo estatal. Metodología: Revisión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 409.853px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06668);" role="presentation">de materiales y métodos basados en el análisis de la legislación ucraniana que regula la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 436.777px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04566);" role="presentation">educación jurídica superior. Conclusiones. Se describen problemas de educación jurídica </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01562);" role="presentation">superior que re</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 214.336px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00455);" role="presentation">quieren la aplicación de una mejor experiencia extranjera.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38711 Medidas especiales para la prevención de delitos en el ámbito del sector del transporte por carretera 2022-09-06T19:39:35+00:00 Mykola Rudyk Rudikmmn@ukr.net Igor Kopotun Ihor.kopotun@gmail.com Viktoriya Beschastna vibeschastna445@gmail.com Anton Chubenko chubegnk@i.ua Olha Kovalova kovaletva88olga@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 261.927px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00711);" role="presentation">Objetivo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 162.004px; top: 261.927px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 175.277px; top: 261.927px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09887);" role="presentation">El propósito del artículo fue identificar y explorar los principales esfuerzos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 289.231px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01216);" role="presentation">específicos de prevención del delito con miras a controlar los delitos en el ámbito del sector</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 318.083px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05226);" role="presentation">del transporte por carretera.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 333.82px; top: 318.083px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01331);" role="presentation">Metodología</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 440.427px; top: 318.083px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 449.56px; top: 318.083px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02419);" role="presentation">Las herramientas metodológicas predomi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 796.274px; top: 318.083px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05319);" role="presentation">nantes </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 347.283px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995829);" role="presentation">fueron los métodos de observación y análisis jurídico comparado.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 629.719px; top: 347.283px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00693);" role="presentation">Resultados y conclusiones</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 847.895px; top: 347.283px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">: </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 374.586px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03572);" role="presentation">El estudio demostró que para prevenir eficazmente los delitos penales relacionados con el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 401.51px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.102);" role="presentation">sector del transporte por carretera, así como para reducir la delin</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.618px; top: 401.51px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06827);" role="presentation">cuencia y mejorar la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 428.056px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01914);" role="presentation">seguridad, es conveniente prestar atención a la implementación de estrategias especiales de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 455.027px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0689);" role="presentation">prevención de la delincuencia. Las áreas prioritarias que deben abordarse deben ser los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 481.952px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02008);" role="presentation">esfuerzos para monitorear el cumplimiento de las normas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 573.595px; top: 481.952px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00984);" role="presentation">de seguridad vial, el estado de las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 508.876px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09251);" role="presentation">carreteras y el estado técnico de los vehículos. También se deben realizar los trabajos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 535.421px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09367);" role="presentation">pertinentes para mejorar el nivel de "seguridad pasiva", así como realizar actividades </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 562.345px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06185);" role="presentation">preventivas para los peatones y trabajos edu</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 472.692px; top: 562.345px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03631);" role="presentation">cativos con conductores profesionales. Debe </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 589.301px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991665);" role="presentation">prestarse especial atención a la labor de prevención que realizan los órganos de investigación, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 616.225px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999638);" role="presentation">los juzgados y los órganos penitenciarios.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38712 El reto de desarrollar la alfabetización económica de los niños y jóvenes 2022-09-11T15:43:33+00:00 Olena Budnyk olena.budnyk@pnu.edu.ua Inna Konovalchuk inna.konovalchuk@ukr.net Ivan Konovalchuk iikonovalchuk7785@gmail.com Iryna Onyschuk ionuschyk@gmail.com Lyudmila Matsuk liudmila.matsuk@pnu.edu.ua Kateryna Fomin kateryna.fomin@pnu.edu.ua <p><span id="page105R_mcid3" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 288.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12548);" role="presentation">El artículo presenta la r</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 304.621px; top: 288.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 313.722px; top: 288.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.964302);" role="presentation">leva</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 346.761px; top: 288.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1089);" role="presentation">ncia del problema de mejorar la calidad d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 723.812px; top: 288.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13883);" role="presentation">e la educ</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 806.513px; top: 288.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00594);" role="presentation">ación </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 314.67px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03022);" role="presentation">económica en instituciones educativas de diferentes tipos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 572.837px; top: 314.67px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 582.697px; top: 314.67px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01249);" role="presentation">de conformidad con los desafíos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 341.594px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03557);" role="presentation">sociales contemporáneos concerniente a la interacción de la sociedad con la naturaleza, la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06354);" role="presentation">previsión del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 213.198px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 224.195px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997502);" role="presentation">esa</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 250.393px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09755);" role="presentation">rrollo económico de las regiones, la organ</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 628.202px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08725);" role="presentation">ización d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 709.781px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08317);" role="presentation">e la fabricación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 846.757px; top: 368.519px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 395.443px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02483);" role="presentation">teniendo en cuenta las condiciones previas naturales y ecológicas y sociales y económicas. </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 421.988px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11865);" role="presentation">El estudio utilizó métodos de análisis conceptual y comparativo, así como métodos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 448.96px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01196);" role="presentation">psicodiag</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 169.209px; top: 448.96px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01836);" role="presentation">nós</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 198.03px; top: 448.96px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.15544);" role="presentation">ti</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 210.923px; top: 448.96px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01425);" role="presentation">cos. Son fundamentados los aspectos teórico</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 581.938px; top: 448.96px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987902);" role="presentation">s de la f</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 645.694px; top: 448.96px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00684);" role="presentation">ormación de las bases de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 475.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09525);" role="presentation">la alfabetización económica (financiera) a los niños que toman en cuenta los factores</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 502.808px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01467);" role="presentation">sociales y geográficos. Se determinan algunas características del desarrollo de pensamie</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 823.198px; top: 502.808px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07987);" role="presentation">nto </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 529.354px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 98.634px; top: 529.354px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09896);" role="presentation">conómico de estudiantes en el proceso de su</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 506.822px; top: 529.354px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02699);" role="presentation">capacita</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 575.871px; top: 529.354px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04292);" role="presentation">ción (racionalismo, practicismo, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 556.278px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01424);" role="presentation">variabilidad, problematismo, etc.). Se marcó la esencia de cultura económica de estudiantes </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 583.234px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08587);" role="presentation">y alumnos en vista de la realidad contemporánea y enfatizó la creación de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 755.319px; top: 583.234px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06957);" role="presentation">un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 785.656px; top: 583.234px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03618);" role="presentation">en</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 805.375px; top: 583.234px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05706);" role="presentation">torno </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 609.779px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07027);" role="presentation">educativo en las instituciones educat</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 410.469px; top: 609.779px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04288);" role="presentation">ivas para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.445px; top: 609.779px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04581);" role="presentation">el desarrollo de alfabetización económica </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 636.703px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00211);" role="presentation">eficaz en niños y jóvenes. Se presentaron los resultados de la investigación empírica sobre el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 663.627px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06488);" role="presentation">estado del problema descrito en la práctica escolar. Se descu</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 615.688px; top: 663.627px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06111);" role="presentation">bri</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 639.579px; top: 663.627px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">ó</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 657.07px; top: 663.627px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05923);" role="presentation">que la formación de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 690.552px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04188);" role="presentation">alfabetización econó</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 265.562px; top: 690.552px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14267);" role="presentation">mica en l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 351.312px; top: 690.552px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10148);" role="presentation">a escuela primaria y la preparatoria implica</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 753.043px; top: 690.552px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07721);" role="presentation">dotar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 808.409px; top: 690.552px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12703);" role="presentation">a los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 717.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00063);" role="presentation">discípulos de conocimiento general, habilidades y conocimientos necesarios para la vida.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38713 Procedimiento para medir el balance demanda y oferta en destinos turísticos 2022-09-06T20:46:17+00:00 María Rosa Naranjo Llupart mrosanaranjo@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid4" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 356.384px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02758);" role="presentation">El encuentro entre la demanda y la oferta se realiza en el mercado turístico y cuando se hacen</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 383.308px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04357);" role="presentation">coincidir demandantes y oferentes se logra un equilibrio o balance del mercado. La presente</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 410.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04303);" role="presentation">investigación se refiere a un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 336.475px; top: 410.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04423);" role="presentation">estudio analítico</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 484.448px; top: 410.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05512);" role="presentation">que aplica el método</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 671.101px; top: 410.232px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03794);" role="presentation">científico deductivo y la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 437.157px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0482);" role="presentation">valoración crítica de los documentos consultados</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 511.372px; top: 437.157px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07283);" role="presentation">, elaborado a partir de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 711.298px; top: 437.157px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03167);" role="presentation">artículos científicos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 463.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03925);" role="presentation">publicados en revistas indexadas y en otras fuentes primarias y secundarias. S</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 751.495px; top: 463.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 767.074px; top: 463.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01318);" role="presentation">desarrolla</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 855.811px; top: 463.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06957);" role="presentation">un </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 490.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01885);" role="presentation">procedim</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 169.209px; top: 490.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01566);" role="presentation">iento para medir</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 309.551px; top: 490.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.979693);" role="presentation">la demanda y la o</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 451.045px; top: 490.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01837);" role="presentation">ferta en un destino turístico, que permita establecer</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 517.598px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06255);" role="presentation">un balance o equilibrio, con la finalidad de favorecer el crecimiento del sector, posterior al </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07214);" role="presentation">significativo declive creado por la pa</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 415.02px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08302);" role="presentation">ndemia de la Covid</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 588.764px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 595.59px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.969944);" role="presentation">19. L</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 637.683px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04595);" role="presentation">as conclusiones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 780.347px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04612);" role="presentation">destacan</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 863.016px; top: 544.143px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 571.067px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09983);" role="presentation">importancia del p</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 247.707px; top: 571.067px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02252);" role="presentation">rocedimiento</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 368.376px; top: 571.067px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08592);" role="presentation">para medir</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 473.83px; top: 571.067px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09851);" role="presentation">las tendencias de ambos indicadores y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 827.37px; top: 571.067px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0787);" role="presentation">trazar </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 598.023px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06097);" role="presentation">estrategias adecuadas y mecanismos de control para el análisis del balance demanda oferta </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 624.947px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01589);" role="presentation">basado en criterios científicos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 337.613px; top: 624.947px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998074);" role="presentation">, por los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 408.953px; top: 624.947px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01777);" role="presentation">actores, gestores y grupos de inter</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 692.716px; top: 624.947px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00939);" role="presentation">és</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 714.332px; top: 624.947px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00573);" role="presentation">en los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 767.454px; top: 624.947px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02589);" role="presentation">territorios, lo </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 651.493px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01232);" role="presentation">que posibilita en un corto o mediano plazo incrementar la actividad turística y caminar hacia el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 678.417px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00584);" role="presentation">logro del éxito del sector del turismo mundial.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38714 Principios de organización y eficiencia del sistema político chino en las condiciones actuales 2022-09-06T21:35:46+00:00 Dmytro Nelipa revistadeluz@gmail.com Oleh Batrymenko revistadeluz@gmail.com Denys Yakovlev revistadeluz@gmail.com Vitalii Turenko revistadeluz@gmail.com Nataliia Perepelytsia revistadeluz@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid2" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995863);" role="presentation">Asegurar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 178.143px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984591);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.729px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985039);" role="presentation">eficiencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 298.92px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 332.442px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984591);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 361.029px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99211);" role="presentation">vida</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 410.072px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03011);" role="presentation">política</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 487.15px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00996);" role="presentation">del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 526.365px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02305);" role="presentation">país</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 574.078px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03134);" role="presentation">depende</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 658.343px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00894);" role="presentation">significativamente</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 824.642px; top: 265.862px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01733);" role="presentation">del </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 292.786px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07703);" role="presentation">establecimiento de relaciones entre las instituciones políticas y jurí</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 678.907px; top: 292.786px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09116);" role="presentation">dicas estatales y no</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 319.521px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01071);" role="presentation">estatales y las comunidades sociopolíticas de la sociedad que constituyen el sistema político</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 346.445px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00996);" role="presentation">del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 118.732px; top: 346.445px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 130.488px; top: 346.445px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993658);" role="presentation">stado. En las condiciones de intensificación de los procesos de&nbsp; globalización, cobra gran</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 373.18px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06716);" role="presentation">importancia la creación de condiciones favorables por parte del sistema político para el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 400.152px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11437);" role="presentation">funcionamiento efectivo de las principales esferas de la vida pública, asegur</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 783.618px; top: 400.152px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12879);" role="presentation">ando la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 426.886px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10839);" role="presentation">realización de los intereses de todos los miembros de la sociedad. El propósito de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 453.811px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03794);" role="presentation">investigación radica en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 293.023px; top: 453.811px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02288);" role="presentation">establecer</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 384.225px; top: 453.811px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06412);" role="presentation">los fundamentos teóricos y prácticos para estudiar los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 480.545px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09735);" role="presentation">principios de organización y eficacia del sistema político de China en l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 725.408px; top: 480.545px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0485);" role="presentation">as condiciones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 507.47px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02606);" role="presentation">actuales</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 157.223px; top: 507.47px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997157);" role="presentation">, así como en evaluar su impacto en el nivel de calidad de vida de la población. En la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 534.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05798);" role="presentation">investigación se han utilizado los métodos científicos generales y especiales del análisis</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988321);" role="presentation">económico,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 199.603px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01876);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 235.603px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04988);" role="presentation">particular,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 338.667px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991158);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 378.66px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00665);" role="presentation">siguientes:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 483.198px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996476);" role="presentation">análisis,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 565.764px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02888);" role="presentation">sín</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 590.929px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01401);" role="presentation">tesis,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 649.31px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987384);" role="presentation">analogía,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 739.064px; top: 561.129px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00728);" role="presentation">comparación,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 587.863px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06243);" role="presentation">sistematización, generalización, métodos gráficos y tabulares, y análisis de correlación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 844.103px; top: 587.863px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 614.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01676);" role="presentation">regresión. Se ha demostrado que el sistema político de China tiene un impacto significativo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 641.522px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984909);" role="presentation">en el nivel de la calidad de vida de la pobla</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 437.884px; top: 641.522px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995716);" role="presentation">ción.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38716 Estrategia de Marketing Mix para las ventas de la empresa Melaminart – Chiclayo 2022-09-06T21:55:22+00:00 Huber Ezequiel Rodríguez Nomura hub_rono@hotmail.com Alberto Calderón Gavidia betoman82@hotmail.com Nathaly Fiorella Zavala Quispe nzavala.q@gmail.com María Patricia Rodríguez Kong mprodriguez@unitru.edu.pe José Arturo Rodríguez Kong arturokong@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 451.994px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01927);" role="presentation">La presente investigación tuvo por objetivo elaborar</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid17" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 531.471px; top: 451.994px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03252);" role="presentation">una estrategia de marketing mix para las</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid18" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00306);" role="presentation">ventas en la empresa M</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid19" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 283.385px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02967);" role="presentation">elaminart</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid20" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 367.997px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid21" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid22" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 379.374px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985842);" role="presentation">Chiclayo 2020.</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid23" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 507.201px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00773);" role="presentation">Este estudio fue de enfoque mixto</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid24" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 793.24px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01248);" role="presentation">porque se</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid25" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 502.429px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09421);" role="presentation">aplica de forma cualitativa una entrevista a profundidad</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid26" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 590.281px; top: 502.429px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid27" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid28" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 604.312px; top: 502.429px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11798);" role="presentation">y a la vez cuantitativa porque</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid29" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 527.457px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03461);" role="presentation">interpreta las respuestas de cues</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid30" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 360.413px; top: 527.457px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01417);" role="presentation">tionario que se le hizo al cliente para establecer lo más exacto</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid31" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05252);" role="presentation">posibles patrones de comportamiento en una población.</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid32" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid33" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 576.629px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01739);" role="presentation">La investigación se llevó</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid34" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 792.103px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid35" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 808.03px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00498);" role="presentation">cabo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid36" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 853.915px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02304);" role="presentation">de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid37" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid38" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 577.925px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05762);" role="presentation">manera no experimental y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid39" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 323.202px; top: 577.925px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02723);" role="presentation">transversal</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid40" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 414.262px; top: 577.925px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid41" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid42" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 426.396px; top: 577.925px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07591);" role="presentation">debido a que</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 547.398px; top: 577.925px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05162);" role="presentation">las variables no fueron manipuladas y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid44" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 602.953px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0211);" role="presentation">estudiadas e</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid45" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 191.583px; top: 602.953px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">n</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid46" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.372px; top: 602.953px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00796);" role="presentation">espacio de tiempo concreto</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid47" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 432.085px; top: 602.953px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0026);" role="presentation">. Los resultados lograron diagnosticar el estado actual</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid48" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 627.981px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988548);" role="presentation">de las ventas de la empresa M</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid49" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 332.683px; top: 627.981px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02967);" role="presentation">elaminart</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid50" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid51" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 416.537px; top: 627.981px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">–</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid52" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid53" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 430.947px; top: 627.981px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995586);" role="presentation">Chiclayo 2020, a través del análisis cuantitativo de las</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid54" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01554);" role="presentation">dimensiones</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid55" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 197.65px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04208);" role="presentation">de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid56" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 222.299px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991847);" role="presentation">la variable ventas,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid57" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 374.065px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0138);" role="presentation">según</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid58" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 427.155px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00141);" role="presentation">la encuesta realizada a los</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid59" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 644.888px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02585);" role="presentation">clientes</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid60" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid61" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 713.573px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0158);" role="presentation">y trabajadores</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid62" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid63" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.954px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.983658);" role="presentation">de la</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid64" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 678.417px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08061);" role="presentation">empresa, donde se muestra que la demanda es media con tendencia a la baja</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid65" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 764.009px; top: 678.417px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid66" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid67" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 776.555px; top: 678.417px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07904);" role="presentation">debido a la</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid68" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 703.824px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987982);" role="presentation">pandemia y la situación política vivenciada</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid69" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 440.048px; top: 703.824px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.955255);" role="presentation">. Por lo cual se concluye que</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid70" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 665.034px; top: 703.824px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid71" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid72" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.997px; top: 703.824px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.976369);" role="presentation">la empresa solo consigu</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid73" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 864.912px; top: 703.824px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid74" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06964);" role="presentation">ventas suficientes para mantenerse</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid75" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 393.784px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid76" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid77" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 407.436px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid78" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 416.916px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid79" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid80" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 430.947px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">p</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid81" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 442.324px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07178);" role="presentation">or ende,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid82" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 522.37px; top: 728.884px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08169);" role="presentation">necesita de un impulso para mejorarlas, </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid83" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 754.292px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0313);" role="presentation">mediante</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid84" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 171.485px; top: 754.292px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01588);" role="presentation">estrategias de marketing mix.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38719 Gasto regional y crecimiento económico en el Perú, 1999-2020 2022-09-07T10:46:36+00:00 Rolando E. Ñañez Loza rnanezl@unmsm.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 101.289px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">l</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 113.044px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03273);" role="presentation">articulo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 184.378px; top: 333.631px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03432);" role="presentation">tiene como objetivo probar que la descentralización fiscal por el lado del gasto</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00502);" role="presentation">region</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 142.244px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989364);" role="presentation">al</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 164.659px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05811);" role="presentation">tiene efecto en el crecimiento económico. Para dicho propósito</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 719.262px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06355);" role="presentation">se utiliza</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 805.375px; top: 360.555px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0031);" role="presentation">como</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02801);" role="presentation">método de estimación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 280.351px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 300.449px; top: 387.479px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02989);" role="presentation">regresión agrupada con mínimos cuadrados ordinarios (MCO) en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997833);" role="presentation">base al análisis de datos de panel,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 367.997px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00187);" role="presentation">que incluye</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 467.763px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998676);" role="presentation">24 regiones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 567.149px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 580.8px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05314);" role="presentation">per</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 608.104px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">í</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 613.413px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01788);" role="presentation">odo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 649.107px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02719);" role="presentation">de estudio</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 739.36px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.917492);" role="presentation">1999</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 776.934px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 783.76px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00504);" role="presentation">2020</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 825.094px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 833.816px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00464);" role="presentation">analiza con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 187.032px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02859);" role="presentation">do</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 208.268px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01194);" role="presentation">s variables dependientes</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 409.711px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 418.054px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00201);" role="presentation">crecimiento económico y desigualdad intrarregional.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">R</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 102.805px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04557);" role="presentation">esultados</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 182.482px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 196.134px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03618);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 224.954px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987365);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 248.497px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03877);" role="presentation">primer</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 314.48px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994414);" role="presentation">caso</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 360.034px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03094);" role="presentation">se evidencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 473.072px; top: 467.921px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08804);" role="presentation">poca claridad para afirmar la existencia de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03421);" role="presentation">convergencia económica regional</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 374.065px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14048);" role="presentation">, pero va en la línea</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 567.149px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02304);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 596.728px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03274);" role="presentation">Oates (1993)</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 706.747px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10052);" role="presentation">, donde</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 783.001px; top: 494.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08323);" role="presentation">el gasto</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05356);" role="presentation">contribuye con el crecimiento e</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 362.309px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05273);" role="presentation">conómico bajo capacidades de respuesta de instituciones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04216);" role="presentation">locales que generen bienestar</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 340.267px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 351.691px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.916894);" role="presentation">Al</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 377.857px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01268);" role="presentation">realiza</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 433.222px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">r</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 447.664px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04133);" role="presentation">el análisis de desigualdad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.618px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05693);" role="presentation">entre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 723.433px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02195);" role="presentation">las regiones</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 822.819px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.575px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00537);" role="presentation">observ</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 144.519px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01172);" role="presentation">a divergencia entre la región Lima</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 429.43px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 436.256px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01569);" role="presentation">Callao con el resto de las regiones</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 720.778px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 730.638px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0379);" role="presentation">en este</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 794.757px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00681);" role="presentation">cas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 820.923px; top: 575.239px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01176);" role="presentation">o al</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03357);" role="presentation">incorporar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 181.723px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989355);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 200.305px; top: 602.195px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987435);" role="presentation">gasto de capital en el corto y largo plazo, se revela la existencia de convergencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0133);" role="presentation">condicional</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 186.274px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.929991);" role="presentation">; c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 204.855px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02959);" role="presentation">ontribuye con estos resultados la población ocupada con estudios superiores</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 846.757px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997156);" role="presentation">por tanto, hay evidencia de convergencia económica condicional en el largo plazo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 759.111px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38720 La globalización y sus efectos en la armonización de la información financiera para las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas 2022-09-07T11:12:11+00:00 Afonso Vagarecha Cabiço Muibo amuibo@gmail.com Germán Martínez Prats germanmtzprats@hotmail.com Casandra Ángeles Guzmán casandraangeles946@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid11" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 405.303px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06711);" role="presentation">Las pequeñas y medianas empresas representan una parte preponderante de las economías</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 431.848px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0101);" role="presentation">desarrolladas y en desarrollo. Como consecuencia de la globalización y su importancia para las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 458.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02024);" role="presentation">economías, la necesidad de armonizar y estandari</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 503.788px; top: 458.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01791);" role="presentation">zar la información financiera es fundamental</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 485.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04687);" role="presentation">para este segmento empresarial. La adopción de las Normas Internacionales de Información</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 512.668px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04669);" role="presentation">Financiera (incluidas las Normas Internacionales de Contabilidad) permitirá que los estados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 539.213px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03286);" role="presentation">financieros elaborados por las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 349.747px; top: 539.213px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04498);" role="presentation">pequeñas y medianas empresas sean comparables en distintos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 566.137px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995972);" role="presentation">países del mundo. El objetivo principal del artículo es analizar el efecto de la globalización en la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 593.093px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991973);" role="presentation">armonización de la información financiera de las pequeñas y medianas empresas, a través de una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997897);" role="presentation">revisión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 170.153px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03307);" role="presentation">documental</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 282.985px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04142);" role="presentation">para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 334.466px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02773);" role="presentation">comprobar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 440.11px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989052);" role="presentation">las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 477.564px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03266);" role="presentation">recientes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 567.276px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0054);" role="presentation">soluciones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 668.764px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02482);" role="presentation">internacionales</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 810.326px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04142);" role="presentation">para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 861.458px; top: 619.638px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 646.563px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05181);" role="presentation">consecución de su actividad.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 344.059px; top: 646.563px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06729);" role="presentation">El artículo se desarrolla desde un enfoque cualitativo, con un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 673.487px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00057);" role="presentation">alcance descriptivo.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 256.081px; top: 673.487px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.982969);" role="presentation">Para la recolección de información se destacan bases de dat</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 735.947px; top: 673.487px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.971498);" role="presentation">os como</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 803.1px; top: 673.487px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 810.684px; top: 673.487px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.935162);" role="presentation">EBSCO,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 700.411px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07896);" role="presentation">Elsevier, Emerald, Scopus, Google Scholar y Science Direct.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 640.337px; top: 700.411px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14374);" role="presentation">El estudio muestra que la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 726.988px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03909);" role="presentation">implementación de las Normas&nbsp; Internacionales de Información Financiera se observa en una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 753.912px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04174);" role="presentation">gran cantidad de países en el mundo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 399.472px; top: 753.912px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 409.711px; top: 753.912px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0422);" role="presentation">aunque muchos otros aún no las utilizan, se espera que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 780.837px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01634);" role="presentation">puedan implementarlas en un futuro cercano.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38721 Desempeño y ventaja competitiva: aspectos relacionados con la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa en México 2022-09-07T11:50:42+00:00 Afonso Vagarecha Cabiço Muibo amuibo@gmail.com Arturo Martínez de Escobar Fernández arturo.martinez@ujat.mx María del Carmen Sandoval Caraveo maria.sandoval@ujat.mx <p><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 387.1px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05464);" role="presentation">Las teorías dominantes en la gestión estratégica consideran que la ventaja competitiva es el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 414.025px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00133);" role="presentation">desempeño de la empresa, mientras que la oposición afirma que es la capacidad de las empresas </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08158);" role="presentation">para lograr un desempeño superior</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 397.576px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09003);" role="presentation">. Esta última afirma que la ventaja competitiva podría </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 467.541px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03708);" role="presentation">determinar el desempeño de la empresa, pero que muchos otros factores pueden modificar la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 494.466px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.004);" role="presentation">relación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 155.933px; top: 494.466px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02075);" role="presentation">. El propósito de este estudio fue analizar la importancia de la ventaja competitiva y el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01051);" role="presentation">desempeño emp</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 223.816px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988856);" role="presentation">resarial en el contexto de las pequeñas y medianas empresas en México. Se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 837.988px; top: 521.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.957903);" role="presentation">llevó </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.978276);" role="presentation">a cabo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 144.519px; top: 548.314px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989425);" role="presentation">desde un enfoque cualitativo, con un alcance descriptivo a través de una profunda revisión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 574.859px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997216);" role="presentation">bibliográfica. En el caso mexicano, la ventaja competitiva de las pequeñas y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 716.986px; top: 574.859px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01095);" role="presentation">medianas empresas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 601.815px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990594);" role="presentation">se ha visto afectada negativamente por la falta de acceso a financiamiento, fallas administrativas, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981129);" role="presentation">rezago tecnológico y falta de mano de obra calificada, lo que afecta negativamente su desempeño</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 873.302px; top: 628.74px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11589);" role="presentation">Por lo tanto</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 196.513px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 209.785px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08571);" role="presentation">los resultados de la invest</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 438.911px; top: 655.664px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07797);" role="presentation">igación han demostrado que el capital humano, la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999045);" role="presentation">innovación,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 198.515px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11675);" role="presentation">la tecnología de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 355.988px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00502);" role="presentation">procesos,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 445.782px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 472.649px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00187);" role="presentation">planificación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 592.607px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01968);" role="presentation">estratégica,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 699.705px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 726.572px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03178);" role="presentation">productividad,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 861.417px; top: 682.209px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987365);" role="presentation">el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 709.165px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01486);" role="presentation">aseguramiento de la calidad, la gestión de la cadena de suministro y la adaptabilidad juegan un </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 736.089px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996494);" role="presentation">papel crucial en la c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 253.047px; top: 736.089px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01037);" role="presentation">ompetitividad y el éxito del sector empresarial estudiado.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38722 Planeamiento estratégico de una industria metalmecánica 2022-09-07T12:18:55+00:00 Jesús Antonio Caicedo Déggola jeancade23@gmail.com María Raquel Maxe Malca maxer30@hotmail.com Liliana Isabel Flores Anchundia lili_isaldu@hotmail.es Henrry Wilfredo Agreda Cerna hwagredacerna@gmail.com Jury Yesenia Aquino Trujillo jaquino@usat.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996797);" role="presentation">La investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 229.884px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00261);" role="presentation">tuvo como objetivo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 394.542px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 405.54px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01175);" role="presentation">eterminar como el planeamiento estratégico mejora el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06776);" role="presentation">nivel de la competitividad de una empresa metalmecánica. La investigación fue de tipo </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05224);" role="presentation">aplicada, diseño experimental (categoría pre experimental) y de alcance explicativo.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 822.819px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.965474);" role="presentation">Las </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0301);" role="presentation">técnicas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 164.279px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0548);" role="presentation">e instrumentos son la encuesta (cuestionario), entrevista (Guía de entrevista), el </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 519.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03528);" role="presentation">análisis documentario (check list) y la encuesta para determinar la competitividad (Matriz </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03309);" role="presentation">de Perfil Competitivo).</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 292.486px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05481);" role="presentation">Los resultados utilizando la MPC (Matriz de Perfil Compet</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 805.754px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03143);" role="presentation">itivo) </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03313);" role="presentation">antes y después de aplicar el planeamiento estratégico son de 2.45 a 2.90</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 706.747px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 716.986px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04039);" role="presentation">este incremento</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00114);" role="presentation">representa un 18% de los objetivos a corto plazo y se obtuvo por aplicar las estrategias</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 800.445px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 809.167px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0243);" role="presentation">crear </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 626.844px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10318);" role="presentation">el área de marketing y ventas para el crecimiento continuo de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 654.795px; top: 626.844px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05476);" role="presentation">la empresa, desarrollar </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01458);" role="presentation">campañas publicitarias e implementar una web, capacitar a los colaboradores en la atención</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 680.313px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05138);" role="presentation">del cliente para la ventaja competitiva.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 429.809px; top: 680.313px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0482);" role="presentation">El plan estratégico implementado ha mejorado la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 707.237px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04497);" role="presentation">competitividad de la industria metalmecánica</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 478.76px; top: 707.237px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 490.516px; top: 707.237px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00502);" role="presentation">logran</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 542.847px; top: 707.237px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04812);" role="presentation">do un 18% de los objetivos de corto </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 734.193px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00728);" role="presentation">plazo, potenciando principalmente su área comercial y servicio post venta.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38723 Inclusión social, discriminación e inserción laboral en Ecuador: Más de una página pendiente 2022-09-09T16:11:08+00:00 Julia Dolores Abifandi-Cedeño julia.abifandic@ug.edu.ec Jéssica Jasmín Herrera-Ortíz jessica.herrerao@ug.edu.ec Brenda Miroslava Carrión-Ramírez brenda.carrionr@ug.edu.ec María Viviana Murillo-Párraga maria.murillo.pa@ug.edu.ec <p><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 423.126px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">N</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 105.081px; top: 423.126px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04221);" role="presentation">o son pocas las señales de discriminación y exclusión social que por diferentes motivos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 450.097px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11404);" role="presentation">siguen mostrando la profunda inequidad de derechos que viven y sufren numerosos </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01431);" role="presentation">segmentos y grupos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 259.115px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01375);" role="presentation">de la sociedad contemporánea.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 518.957px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05186);" role="presentation">Entre t</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 577.388px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00638);" role="presentation">ales desigualdades</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 735.189px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03419);" role="presentation">se encuentran </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10749);" role="presentation">la exclusión por razones étnicas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 378.236px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 393.025px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07095);" role="presentation">de género</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 489.757px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06011);" role="presentation">o discapacidades físicas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 697.267px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 712.436px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14407);" role="presentation">tres de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 785.277px; top: 503.567px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08526);" role="presentation">las más </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 530.491px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995246);" role="presentation">reconocidas por su incidencia en esferas como la inserción laboral</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 633.511px; top: 530.491px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00262);" role="presentation">y su retribución salarial,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 836.471px; top: 530.491px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00823);" role="presentation">educación,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 183.999px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04043);" role="presentation">donde s</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 249.635px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02528);" role="presentation">iguen mostrándose</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 413.882px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00968);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 449.56px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03406);" role="presentation">persistencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 555.014px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03385);" role="presentation">en las estadísticas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 711.298px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02769);" role="presentation">que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 747.734px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 770.108px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03006);" role="presentation">exhiben a </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 584.371px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.967492);" role="presentation">escala global, nacional y local. E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 350.174px; top: 584.371px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">l</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 359.654px; top: 584.371px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01081);" role="presentation">objetivo del presente artículo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.07px; top: 584.371px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01316);" role="presentation">consiste en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 700.68px; top: 584.371px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01121);" role="presentation">describir el estado </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 610.916px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05554);" role="presentation">de algunos de esos indicadores y acercarse a su manifestación concreta en determinados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 637.841px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993734);" role="presentation">espacios y sectores de la vida ecuatoriana en la act</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 501.134px; top: 637.841px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01213);" role="presentation">ualidad,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 571.699px; top: 637.841px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00679);" role="presentation">además de contraponer medidas y </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 664.765px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00767);" role="presentation">normativas que en este país se vienen adoptando para reducir brechas.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.618px; top: 664.765px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02548);" role="presentation">Con este propósito</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.575px; top: 664.765px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03987);" role="presentation">empleó como metodología el estudio de casos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 481.414px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 493.17px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02215);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 530.712px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03384);" role="presentation">un enfoque esencialmente cualitativo, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01782);" role="presentation">combinando el análisis documental y bibliográfico con variante</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 620.239px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 633.511px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 658.966px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0267);" role="presentation">entrevista,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 751.906px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00231);" role="presentation">observación </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 745.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04708);" role="presentation">directa y resultados de una encuesta a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 418.812px; top: 745.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04781);" role="presentation">400 personas habitantes de la ciudad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 739.36px; top: 745.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01996);" role="presentation">de Guayaquil </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03391);" role="presentation">objeto de discriminación racial o</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 374.444px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.927846);" role="presentation">afe</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 397.955px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03278);" role="presentation">ctados por discapacidades físicas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 677.548px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 688.924px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02384);" role="presentation">Se concluye que en </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 799.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00104);" role="presentation">Ecuador son</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 194.996px; top: 799.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989833);" role="presentation">evidentes las desigualdades y exclusiones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 536.401px; top: 799.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993585);" role="presentation">por motivos étnicos o de discapacidad</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 847.136px; top: 799.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 825.205px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992923);" role="presentation">sobre todo en lo que se refiere al acceso al ámbito laboral</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 556.91px; top: 825.205px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38724 Métodos de diagnóstico del componente motivacional y valorativo de la cultura de seguridad en la actividad profesional de los futuros ingenieros en seguridad y salud en el trabajo 2022-09-07T13:22:51+00:00 Elviza Abiltarova elviza2008@gmail.com Valentyna Radkevych mrs.radkevich@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 413.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06108);" role="presentation">El artículo pre</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 214.336px; top: 413.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07396);" role="presentation">senta los resultados del estudio, que revelan los métodos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 719.262px; top: 413.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06363);" role="presentation">de diagnóstico del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08474);" role="presentation">componente motivacional y valorativo de la cul</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 513.268px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">t</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 520.853px; top: 440.949px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1038);" role="presentation">ura de la actividad profesional entre los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 468.3px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07047);" role="presentation">futuros ingenieros en seguridad del trabajo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 464.729px; top: 468.3px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 477.243px; top: 468.3px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07224);" role="presentation">y tiene</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 544.743px; top: 468.3px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06655);" role="presentation">como objetivo estud</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 722.675px; top: 468.3px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08667);" role="presentation">iar el impacto del </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 495.603px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1319);" role="presentation">sistema pedagógico de la cultura de la seguridad de la a</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.449px; top: 495.603px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05012);" role="presentation">ctividad profesional</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 786.794px; top: 495.603px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10368);" role="presentation">en futuros </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 522.907px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06093);" role="presentation">ingenieros de seguridad</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 296.657px; top: 522.907px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 310.309px; top: 522.907px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14756);" role="presentation">en el tra</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 386.2px; top: 522.907px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">b</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 397.576px; top: 522.907px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07412);" role="presentation">ajo sobre la formación del componente motivacional y </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 550.21px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990599);" role="presentation">valorativo.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 181.723px; top: 550.21px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01498);" role="presentation">Participaron en la investigación l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 455.596px; top: 550.21px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02585);" role="presentation">os estudiantes que se especializa</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 729.121px; top: 550.21px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03068);" role="presentation">ron en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 787.552px; top: 550.21px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.887569);" role="presentation">"Seg</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 822.44px; top: 550.21px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04888);" role="presentation">uridad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 577.546px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00775);" role="presentation">civil" en el campo de conocimiento</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 382.407px; top: 577.546px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 391.888px; top: 577.546px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01348);" role="presentation">de la especi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 488.619px; top: 577.546px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01191);" role="presentation">alización "Protección laboral" (226 estudiantes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 604.849px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03875);" role="presentation">en el gru</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 164.279px; top: 604.849px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">p</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 175.656px; top: 604.849px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0448);" role="presentation">o de control y 221 estudiantes en el grupo experimental) en diferentes regiones de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 632.153px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02762);" role="presentation">Ucrania</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 156.313px; top: 632.153px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04242);" role="presentation">. Los resultados del estudio confirman cam</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 524.645px; top: 632.153px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02329);" role="presentation">bios positivos significativos en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 790.586px; top: 632.153px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00285);" role="presentation">los niveles </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 659.456px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08841);" role="presentation">de formación del componente motivacional y valorativo de la cultura de segurid</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 804.996px; top: 659.456px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 814.097px; top: 659.456px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.16484);" role="presentation">d de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 686.76px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09562);" role="presentation">actividad profesional en los futuros ingenieros de seguridad laboral. De acuerdo c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 823.577px; top: 686.76px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09743);" role="presentation">on los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 714.095px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04312);" role="presentation">resultados del experimento pedagógi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 403.644px; top: 714.095px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03031);" role="presentation">co, se comprueba la efectividad d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 687.028px; top: 714.095px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04817);" role="presentation">e las medidas de autor </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 741.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05135);" role="presentation">propuestas durante la implementación del sistema pedagógico de form</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 697.646px; top: 741.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 706.747px; top: 741.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03639);" role="presentation">ción de la seguridad </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 768.702px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01137);" role="presentation">de la cultura de la actividad profesional en los futuros ingenieros d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 642.613px; top: 768.702px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01353);" role="presentation">e seguridad en el trabajo.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38725 Creación de capital social desde el modelo de la Universidad de Servicio 2022-09-07T14:00:54+00:00 Jesús García Martínez jesusgar@unizar.es César Ramos Parra cesarramosp50@hotmail.com Betty Ramos Urdaneta bjru14@hotmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 382.55px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 101.289px; top: 382.55px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03971);" role="presentation">l artículo plantea la oportunidad</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 377.857px; top: 382.55px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01116);" role="presentation">de analizar la relación existente entre el capital social que se</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 409.474px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01105);" role="presentation">construye en las universidades públicas y su vinculación con la</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid9" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 613.034px; top: 409.474px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02482);" role="presentation">s demandas del entorno</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid10" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 815.993px; top: 409.474px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.973838);" role="presentation">social y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03605);" role="presentation">productivo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 181.723px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03265);" role="presentation">, desde</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 247.707px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03643);" role="presentation">el modelo de la Universidad de Servicio</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 589.143px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid17" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 600.52px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01457);" role="presentation">La metodología</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid18" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 738.602px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00767);" role="presentation">es</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid20" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 762.492px; top: 436.398px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05653);" role="presentation">de naturaleza</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid21" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03124);" role="presentation">descriptiv</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid22" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 173.001px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid23" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 182.103px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid24" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid25" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 195.375px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07353);" role="presentation">Los resultados apuntan cómo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid26" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid27" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 461.695px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0675);" role="presentation">el modelo de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid28" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 584.213px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04947);" role="presentation">la Universidad de Servicio</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid29" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 822.44px; top: 463.37px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00561);" role="presentation">genera</span></span> <span id="page104R_mcid31" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.018);" role="presentation">conocimiento</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid32" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 213.577px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05414);" role="presentation">e innovación</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid33" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid34" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 334.958px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11653);" role="presentation">a los stakehol</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid35" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 459.041px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03709);" role="presentation">ders</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 515.088px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12093);" role="presentation">en la producción de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid36" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid37" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 706.368px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05708);" role="presentation">valor añadido</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid38" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid39" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 835.712px; top: 489.915px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13218);" role="presentation">a las </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid40" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 516.839px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05257);" role="presentation">instituciones gubernamentales</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid41" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 350.127px; top: 516.839px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00051);" role="presentation">, a las comunidades y a</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid42" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 545.502px; top: 516.839px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01082);" role="presentation">las entidades sociales</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid44" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 722.675px; top: 516.839px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991598);" role="presentation">. Se recomienda</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid45" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid46" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 863.016px; top: 516.839px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid47" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01775);" role="presentation">necesidad</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid48" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid49" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 179.448px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06047);" role="presentation">de ir emprendiendo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid50" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid51" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 363.826px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00712);" role="presentation">cambios</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 447.887px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06149);" role="presentation">en la</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid52" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid53" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 497.721px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07167);" role="presentation">estru</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid54" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 540.572px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04632);" role="presentation">ctura organizativa</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid55" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid56" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 702.576px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0622);" role="presentation">de la univers</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid57" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 813.718px; top: 543.764px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07113);" role="presentation">idad en</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid58" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02116);" role="presentation">Venezuela</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid59" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 175.656px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid60" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid61" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 183.619px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99059);" role="presentation">para favorecer</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid62" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid63" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 303.862px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999986);" role="presentation">una gestió</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid64" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 387.716px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">n</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid65" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid66" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 401.747px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992879);" role="presentation">de impacto social</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid67" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 543.985px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid68" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid69" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 552.328px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid70" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid71" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 565.253px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996217);" role="presentation">una masa</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid72" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 645.267px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995651);" role="presentation">crítica social</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid73" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid74" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 756.046px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid75" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 762.871px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999251);" role="presentation">capital social</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid76" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 870.648px; top: 570.688px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid78" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 596.886px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00444);" role="presentation">para la promoción de un desarrollo sostenible del país.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38726 Aspectos legales de la regulación de las relaciones sociales con la participación de la Inteligencia Artificial 2022-09-15T04:04:44+00:00 Iryna Davydova divo-ira@ukr.net Serhii Zhurylo divo-ira@ukr.net Viktoriya Tomina divo-ira@ukr.net Viesna Fuchedzhi divo-ira@ukr.net Vira Tokareva divo-ira@ukr.net <p><span id="page105R_mcid2" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 279.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0404);" role="presentation">El objetivo del trabajo es estudiar los aspectos jurídicos de la regulación de las relaciones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 306.754px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01219);" role="presentation">sociales con la participación de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 353.461px; top: 306.754px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00941);" role="presentation">la inteligencia artificial, así como analizar las características</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 333.489px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02733);" role="presentation">de dicha regulación teniendo en cuenta la experiencia internacional y las recomendaciones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 360.792px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05183);" role="presentation">de las instituciones competentes. Aunque la doctrina jurídica tradicional enfatiza que las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 387.558px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05587);" role="presentation">normas ju</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 175.877px; top: 387.558px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0665);" role="presentation">rídicas regulan las relaciones entre las personas, las relaciones sociales con la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 414.293px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00712);" role="presentation">participación de la inteligencia artificial se desarrollan rápidamente. Por lo tanto, es esencial</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 441.028px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986691);" role="presentation">analizar los aspectos legales de la regulación de las relaciones sociales co</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 682.43px; top: 441.028px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01181);" role="presentation">n la participación de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 467.794px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00562);" role="presentation">la inteligencia artificial, resaltar las características y prestar atención al desarrollo ulterior de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 494.529px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990789);" role="presentation">tales relaciones. La metodología de la investigación incluye: método de comparación, método</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 521.832px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12945);" role="presentation">histórico, método de sistema, método de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 475.268px; top: 521.832px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01148);" role="presentation">análisis</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 549.704px; top: 521.832px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 571.84px; top: 521.832px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0232);" role="presentation">síntesis.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 651.396px; top: 521.832px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.14288);" role="presentation">Como resultado de la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 548.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01352);" role="presentation">investigación se estudian los aspectos legales de regulación de las relaciones sociales con la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 575.349px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08194);" role="presentation">participación de la inteligencia artificial. En particular, la regulación de la inteligencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 602.084px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01472);" role="presentation">artificial depende del pos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 298.822px; top: 602.084px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00251);" role="presentation">icionamiento de tal fenómeno en las relaciones sociales (solo como</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 628.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99829);" role="presentation">objeto; como entidad separada; posicionamiento tanto de las entidades individuales como del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 655.585px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10145);" role="presentation">posible objeto de tales relaciones jurídicas). También se enfatizó que el estudio de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 682.888px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01383);" role="presentation">personali</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 165.638px; top: 682.888px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03092);" role="presentation">dad jurídica de la inteligencia artificial requiere mayor fundamentación científica</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 709.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02548);" role="presentation">utilizando estándares internacionales.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38727 Políticas de protección social en Venezuela: entre la ilusión y la realidad del socialismo bolivariano del siglo XXI 2022-09-07T15:24:17+00:00 Raquel Sáez González raquel65.saez@gmail.com Eglée Vargas Acosta egleevargasacosta@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 370.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994835);" role="presentation">En el artículo se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 226.092px; top: 370.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01163);" role="presentation">analiza</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 284.902px; top: 370.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">n</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 300.449px; top: 370.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00248);" role="presentation">las políticas sociales que caracterizan la vida cotidiana del venezolano</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 397.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05693);" role="presentation">entre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 139.589px; top: 397.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02711);" role="presentation">el período</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 231.401px; top: 397.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04107);" role="presentation">2003 y 2022; particularmente se estudiaron los lineamientos estatales de las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 424.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00384);" role="presentation">misiones sociales. Metodológicamente</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 408.194px; top: 424.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 417.674px; top: 424.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02084);" role="presentation">se realizó un estudio de carácter descriptivo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 784.139px; top: 424.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 790.965px; top: 424.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 800.066px; top: 424.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00764);" role="presentation">nalítico y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 451.235px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03307);" role="presentation">documental</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 193.858px; top: 451.235px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02614);" role="presentation">de las políticas del Estado v</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 427.913px; top: 451.235px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02094);" role="presentation">enezolano en base a los planes y programas de acción</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 477.78px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01215);" role="presentation">social diseñados para la protección de la población</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 510.993px; top: 477.78px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 520.474px; top: 477.78px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02721);" role="presentation">en contraste con los resultados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 782.622px; top: 477.78px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 801.962px; top: 477.78px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">E</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 813.718px; top: 477.78px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0478);" role="presentation">ncuesta</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 504.704px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02046);" role="presentation">Condici</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 155.554px; top: 504.704px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993466);" role="presentation">ones de Vida,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 270.112px; top: 504.704px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989464);" role="presentation">2021. Los hallazgos señalan que las Misiones Sociales perdieron cobertura </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03663);" role="presentation">desde el 2017; la pandemia por</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 361.93px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">C</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 375.582px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0139);" role="presentation">oronavirus</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 472.313px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04167);" role="presentation">y la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 511.372px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01337);" role="presentation">escasez</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 580.421px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0549);" role="presentation">de gasolina dieron paso una nueva</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 558.553px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02849);" role="presentation">política social basada en transferencias directas y reparto de bolsas de comid</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 735.568px; top: 558.553px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 744.669px; top: 558.553px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 754.529px; top: 558.553px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00999);" role="presentation">En conclusión,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 585.13px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99521);" role="presentation">las misiones y grandes misiones sociales implementadas por el gobierno nacional para brindar el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 612.054px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02563);" role="presentation">mayor bienestar a la población venezolana, han desaparecido ante el despilfarro, corrupción y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 638.978px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00073);" role="presentation">falta de inversión, monitoreo y seguimiento</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 451.425px; top: 638.978px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987279);" role="presentation">de l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 481.035px; top: 638.978px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00318);" role="presentation">as mismas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 566.011px; top: 638.978px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38728 La Fenomenología como propuesta metodológica para las Ciencias Sociales. Una reflexión sobre la investigación científica 2022-09-08T14:15:02+00:00 Ana María Padrón Medina apadronm@ecotec.edu.ec Johan Manuel Méndez Reyes jmendezr@ups.edu.ec África Calanchez Urribarri calanchezafrica@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 425.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04326);" role="presentation">La fenomenología se ha constituido en un método científico de gran validez y confiabilidad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 873.681px; top: 425.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 451.994px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0165);" role="presentation">Husserl su precursor la entendía como un análisis descriptivo de las vivencias intencionales de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 478.918px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04491);" role="presentation">la conciencia sujeto</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 258.736px; top: 478.918px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 271.25px; top: 478.918px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">S</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 281.109px; top: 478.918px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07841);" role="presentation">in embargo, existe una resistencia por parte de quienes se aferran al </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 505.463px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01052);" role="presentation">método de las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 209.406px; top: 505.463px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">C</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 223.437px; top: 505.463px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0016);" role="presentation">iencias</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 284.902px; top: 505.463px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">N</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 300.829px; top: 505.463px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02042);" role="presentation">aturales, que procura no asumir los aportes de estos planteamientos a </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04131);" role="presentation">temáticas susceptibles de las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 339.509px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">C</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 353.54px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0016);" role="presentation">iencias</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 417.295px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">S</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 426.776px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995109);" role="presentation">ociales</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 483.31px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 493.928px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">P</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 505.305px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03465);" role="presentation">or ello, la presente investigación tiene c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 841.401px; top: 532.387px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994066);" role="presentation">omo </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 559.312px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0463);" role="presentation">objetivo analizar la fenomenología como propuesta metodológica para las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 731.776px; top: 559.312px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">C</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 745.807px; top: 559.312px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0016);" role="presentation">iencias</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 811.063px; top: 559.312px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">S</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 820.544px; top: 559.312px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0016);" role="presentation">ociales </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 586.267px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07642);" role="presentation">desde una reflexión sobre las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 354.677px; top: 586.267px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01867);" role="presentation">investigaciones científicas.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 588.764px; top: 586.267px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09044);" role="presentation">El estudio se enmarca d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 801.204px; top: 586.267px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07616);" role="presentation">esde una </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 612.813px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02423);" role="presentation">metodología hermenéutica</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.789px; top: 612.813px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00258);" role="presentation">y fenomenológica. C</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 491.274px; top: 612.813px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01919);" role="presentation">omo consideraciones finales</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 734.809px; top: 612.813px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04619);" role="presentation">se obtuvo que</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 860.741px; top: 612.813px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00767);" role="presentation">es</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 639.737px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0289);" role="presentation">crucial para las comunidades científicas reconocer que existe una diversidad de metodologías </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid9" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 666.661px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08966);" role="presentation">que deben ser utilizadas de acuerdo con la realidad abordada</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid10" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 631.236px; top: 666.661px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1146);" role="presentation">, y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid11" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 662.379px; top: 666.661px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08846);" role="presentation">que permitan respetar la </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 693.586px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02703);" role="presentation">tradición del investigador y romper definitivamente con</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 565.632px; top: 693.586px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 585.73px; top: 693.586px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0374);" role="presentation">hegemonía existente aún por parte </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 720.162px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01186);" role="presentation">de quienes controlan el saber.</span></span></p> 2022-09-06T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38729 Competencias investigativas del docente de la carrera de Derecho. Análisis y perspectivas 2022-09-07T16:46:17+00:00 Silvio José Castellanos Herrera silvio.castellanos@ucacue.edu.ec Stella Serrano-Moreno mstella.serrano@ucacue.edu.ec Daniel Jacobo Andrade dandradep@ucacue.edu.ec <p><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 406.819px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0796);" role="presentation">La actividad científica constituye un indicador esencial para posicionar ventajosamente a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 433.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0139);" role="presentation">cualquier universidad en el ámbito académico. Para que sea de calidad, requiere en los actores,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 460.336px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00703);" role="presentation">investigadores, docentes y estudiantes, de un elevado nivel de compete</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 675.273px; top: 460.336px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00815);" role="presentation">ncias investigativas para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 487.261px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01461);" role="presentation">su realización. De allí que, el propósito de este artículo es examinar el potencial existente en el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 514.185px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03551);" role="presentation">área de creación de&nbsp; conocimiento, a través de variables principales que integran la capacidad</span>&nbsp; <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 541.109px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03242);" role="presentation">investigativa del docente en la carr</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 383.924px; top: 541.109px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02274);" role="presentation">era de derecho. El levantamiento de información se realizó</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 567.654px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990866);" role="presentation">mediante un cuestionario, validado por juicio de expertos, aplicado a una muestra de 57 docentes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 594.61px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09098);" role="presentation">de derecho en la matriz, sedes y extensiones de la Universidad Católica de Cuenca, para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 621.535px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0086);" role="presentation">examinar la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 191.583px; top: 621.535px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01491);" role="presentation">situación actual relacionada con las competencias investigativas que resultaron ser</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 648.459px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01673);" role="presentation">limitadas, entre otras causas, por la abundante carga laboral impuesta a los docentes. Situación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 675.004px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0181);" role="presentation">ésta, que indujo un&nbsp; conjunto de conclusiones y recomendaciones que, de asum</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 744.669px; top: 675.004px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01313);" role="presentation">irse, impulsarán </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 701.928px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995902);" role="presentation">significativamente el quehacer científico en el área jurídica.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38730 Competencias digitales y desarrollo profesional de los docentes en una Facultad del Perú 2022-09-07T17:20:52+00:00 Karla del Pilar Berrú Zavaleta de Palma karlitabe12@gmail.com Freddy Manuel Camacho Delgado fcamacho@unibagua.edu.pe Jury Yesenia Aquino Trujillo jaquino@usat.edu.pe Henrry Wilfredo Agreda Cerna hwagredacerna@gmail.com María Raquel Maxe Malca maxer30@hotmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid9" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0059);" role="presentation">La investigación tuvo como objetivo establecer la relación de las competencias digitales con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00039);" role="presentation">el desarrollo profesional de los docentes de una Facultad del Perú. Se planteó una suposición </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11502);" role="presentation">que declaraba que las competencias digitales se relac</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 573.975px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08197);" role="presentation">ionan significativamente con el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992886);" role="presentation">desarrollo profesional de los docentes de la Facultad. La población estuvo conformada por 35</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 599.54px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03058);" role="presentation">docentes, con diseño no experimental, correlacional asociativo y de corte transversal. Esta</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 626.464px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990343);" role="presentation">investigación empleó como técnica la en</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 419.191px; top: 626.464px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999543);" role="presentation">cuesta, validando dos cuestionarios de escala ordinal</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07685);" role="presentation">tipo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 137.614px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00692);" role="presentation">Likert,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.911px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03048);" role="presentation">mediante</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 298.18px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 335.674px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00108);" role="presentation">coeficientes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 446.991px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 480.697px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00599);" role="presentation">confiabilidad</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 603.768px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.92473);" role="presentation">Alfa</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 651.091px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 684.798px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0263);" role="presentation">Cronbach.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 785.138px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00803);" role="presentation">Para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 835.493px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987365);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 680.313px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.97748);" role="presentation">procesamiento de la información se utilizó el software SPSS versión 25, los logros se muestran </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 706.858px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99295);" role="presentation">a través de tablas y los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 277.317px; top: 706.858px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01089);" role="presentation">estadísticos Rho Sperman. Los resultados muestran una existencia de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 733.814px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0498);" role="presentation">correlación positiva alta (rho 0.874) y una significancia (sig.0.000) por las competencias</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 760.738px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997189);" role="presentation">digitales y el desarrollo profesional de los docentes de la facultad.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38731 La competencia oral en educación superior: Una revisión sistemática 2022-09-07T19:38:45+00:00 Beatriz Rosa Cuestas Robladillo bcuesta@ucvvirtual.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.977006);" role="presentation">El objetivo de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 205.993px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997141);" role="presentation">esta revisión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 312.964px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03206);" role="presentation">sistemática</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 410.849px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00939);" role="presentation">es</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 432.085px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985656);" role="presentation">conocer cómo se viene dando la competencia oral en el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00324);" role="presentation">nivel superior</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.752px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987675);" role="presentation">y cuáles son los problemas relacionados que deben solucionarse para el bien de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05526);" role="presentation">estudiantes</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 185.515px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 193.479px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989243);" role="presentation">por ello el estudio</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 342.922px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0112);" role="presentation">desarrolló</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 429.809px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00825);" role="presentation">un diagrama</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 536.401px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.957021);" role="presentation">PRISMA,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 618.343px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03168);" role="presentation">una tabla</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 698.784px; top: 411.749px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996977);" role="presentation">de relación de autores</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06586);" role="presentation">e inve</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 142.623px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01315);" role="presentation">stigaciones</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 234.814px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 248.465px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10491);" role="presentation">y una tabla de distribución de artículos por repositorio</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 739.36px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 753.012px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03774);" role="presentation">la información</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02034);" role="presentation">científica se recuperó principalmente de Scopus, Scielo y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 574.354px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.974927);" role="presentation">Elsevier</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 639.579px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 650.197px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06247);" role="presentation">en un per</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 731.017px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">í</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 736.326px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04942);" role="presentation">odo meta de tres</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985452);" role="presentation">meses.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 147.932px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996626);" role="presentation">El proceso de identificación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 380.511px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00055);" role="presentation">e inclusión</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 474.209px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993311);" role="presentation">de la información</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 622.135px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992181);" role="presentation">se desarrolló</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 729.88px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988595);" role="presentation">con la recolección</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02304);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 117.595px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02996);" role="presentation">37 artículos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 216.611px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05354);" role="presentation">. S</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 238.606px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03629);" role="presentation">in embargo,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 347.851px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992016);" role="presentation">sol</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 371.41px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04496);" role="presentation">amente se incluyeron</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 561.46px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">8</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 570.941px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 583.455px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.890706);" role="presentation">Se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 610px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05986);" role="presentation">obtuvo como resultado que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 853.915px; top: 519.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01529);" role="presentation">docentes deben priorizar las actividades donde la competencia oral pueda desarrollarse, ya que </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98951);" role="presentation">es relevante para la vida profesional</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 385.82px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02304);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 410.09px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998832);" role="presentation">los alumnos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 508.339px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99937);" role="presentation">, sobre todo porque el mercado laboral actual </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05185);" role="presentation">es muy competitivo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 259.873px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 272.387px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04985);" role="presentation">A modo de conclusión,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 480.277px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07248);" role="presentation">la inclusión curricular de prácticas orales son</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 626.464px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02593);" role="presentation">componentes importantes en la educación superior, pese a no ser consideradas al momento de </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00341);" role="presentation">realizar las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 183.619px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03715);" role="presentation">asignaturas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 279.213px; top: 653.389px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00806);" role="presentation">, ya que depende netamente de la malla curricular de cada institución.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38733 El papel de los debates en línea en la formación de las competencias profesionales de los futuros filólogos 2022-09-07T20:04:59+00:00 Alla Latygina pedagogy.of224@gmail.com Iryna Zvarych irynazvarych76@gmail.com Nataliia Latygina n.latygina56@knute.edu.ua Olha Dubinina regata23olgat@gmail.com Liubov Kolot luba_kolot566@ukr.net Nataliya Strokan natastrokann@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 278.945px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09632);" role="presentation">El propósito del artículo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 317.103px; top: 278.945px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09519);" role="presentation">fue probar la efectividad de la influencia de las condiciones</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 305.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0159);" role="presentation">pedagógicas para los debates en línea en la formación de competencias profesionales de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 332.604px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02342);" role="presentation">futuros filólogos.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid9" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid10" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 242.73px; top: 332.604px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04981);" role="presentation">Métodos utilizados:</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 421.767px; top: 332.604px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04951);" role="presentation">métodos de observación pedagógica, experimento</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 359.338px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00294);" role="presentation">pedagógico y aut</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 229.836px; top: 359.338px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01472);" role="presentation">oevaluación de los estudiantes, métodos matemáticos y estadísticos para el</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 386.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01002);" role="presentation">procesamiento de resultados de investigación (criterio t</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid16" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 546.75px; top: 386.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid17" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 553.955px; top: 386.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0223);" role="presentation">Student), entrevistas, cuestionarios.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid18" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 413.045px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03753);" role="presentation">La dialogicidad (nivel comunicativo) fue estimada por la prueba de L. Michelson y por</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 836.518px; top: 413.045px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.974884);" role="presentation">el</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid20" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 439.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984857);" role="presentation">método de diagnóstico de “Tolerancia Comunicativa General” de V. V. Boyko.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid21" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid22" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 727.304px; top: 439.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02183);" role="presentation">Resultados.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid23" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid24" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 828.176px; top: 439.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995529);" role="presentation">En</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid25" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 466.704px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08538);" role="presentation">un experimento, se encontró que, después de la encuesta secundaria, el 33,75% de los</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid26" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 493.628px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09878);" role="presentation">encuestados ven los debates en línea como tecnología educativa</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid27" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 664.686px; top: 493.628px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid28" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid29" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 679.665px; top: 493.628px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11442);" role="presentation">y el 26,25% de</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid30" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid31" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 827.227px; top: 493.628px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998017);" role="presentation">los</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid32" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 520.363px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01161);" role="presentation">encuestados explican su participación en los debates por el deseo de mejorar las habilidades</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid33" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 547.287px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07446);" role="presentation">de comunicación. Al analizar los resultados de la encuesta secundaria, se encontró que</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid34" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 574.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11284);" role="presentation">cualidades como la determinación, la tolerancia y la sociabilidad están</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid35" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid36" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 743.042px; top: 574.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13561);" role="presentation">a la cabeza.</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid37" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 600.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.979199);" role="presentation">Comparando el valor de diseño y el valor crítico del Criterio t y T</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid38" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 617.095px; top: 600.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid39" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 624.3px; top: 600.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00112);" role="presentation">Critical, hemos tomado que</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid40" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 627.681px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.961834);" role="presentation">T≤T</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid41" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 124.421px; top: 627.681px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid42" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 131.436px; top: 627.681px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00456);" role="presentation">Critical, y por lo tanto aceptamos la hipótesis de diferentes valores promedio en los dos</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.4949px; top: 654.605px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996891);" role="presentation">marcos.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38734 Competencias digitales como predictores pedagógicos para aprender a aprender 2022-09-14T02:39:35+00:00 Jorge Raúl Dueñas Díaz jduenas@une.edu.pe Inés Huamani Ucharima ihuamani@une.edu.pe María Martha Sáenz Egas msaenz@une.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 414.404px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05294);" role="presentation">La investigación analiza la importancia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 437.394px; top: 414.404px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03245);" role="presentation">e influencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 545.154px; top: 414.404px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05879);" role="presentation">de las competencias digitales como</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0108);" role="presentation">predictores pedagógicos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 294.003px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.961718);" role="presentation">en el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 335.337px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01503);" role="presentation">proceso</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 403.644px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.864939);" role="presentation">aprender a aprender</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 544.396px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.97623);" role="presentation">. Se trata de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 642.613px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02169);" role="presentation">habilidades</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 741.256px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02769);" role="presentation">que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 775.417px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03769);" role="presentation">permite</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 840.642px; top: 442.845px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">n</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 106.598px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06236);" role="presentation">los estudiantes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 241.639px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04272);" role="presentation">mejorar sus</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 348.657px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04682);" role="presentation">destrezas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 435.118px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03618);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 463.212px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0612);" role="presentation">el uso de las tecnologías de la información</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 841.78px; top: 470.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0114);" role="presentation">comunicación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 205.993px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 224.177px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 247.256px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03288);" role="presentation">su</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 279.856px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.943947);" role="presentation">vez,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 325.857px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04467);" role="presentation">pueden</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 401.368px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00814);" role="presentation">promover</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.32px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987365);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 523.702px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02063);" role="presentation">aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 634.261px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987339);" role="presentation">como</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 692.601px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01694);" role="presentation">evento</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 761.877px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0157);" role="presentation">individual</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 846.757px; top: 497.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 524.045px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03196);" role="presentation">Consecuentemente</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 249.255px; top: 524.045px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 258.356px; top: 524.045px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00471);" role="presentation">se realiza un estudio de caso, considerando</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 616.826px; top: 524.045px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01981);" role="presentation">un grupo de 432 estudiantes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.967906);" role="presentation">de pedagogía a nivel</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 256.46px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01249);" role="presentation">universitarios.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 378.615px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996033);" role="presentation">Se plantea</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 465.867px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996839);" role="presentation">diseño correlaci</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 595.59px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01536);" role="presentation">onal</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 634.649px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.977799);" role="presentation">y se utiliza</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 724.95px; top: 550.969px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00839);" role="presentation">el Cuestionario</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06315);" role="presentation">de la Competencia Di</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 278.834px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04611);" role="presentation">gital del Alumnado de Educación Superior (CDAE</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 716.607px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.974015);" role="presentation">S)</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 734.809px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 747.355px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00607);" role="presentation">aplica</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 796.653px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05523);" role="presentation">ndo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 836.85px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 845.999px; top: 577.514px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">l</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 604.47px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00188);" role="presentation">cuestionario de evaluación de la competencia AaA,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 516.681px; top: 604.47px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02279);" role="presentation">para recolectar los datos.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 730.259px; top: 604.47px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01805);" role="presentation">Los resultados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 631.394px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00663);" role="presentation">evidencian</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 185.136px; top: 631.394px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04119);" role="presentation">que existe una correlación baja</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 456.007px; top: 631.394px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.926264);" role="presentation">(r=0</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 488.999px; top: 631.394px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03287);" role="presentation">,226) entre las variables</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 698.025px; top: 631.394px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00766);" role="presentation">y las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 742.773px; top: 631.394px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00458);" role="presentation">dimensiones:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 658.318px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 98.634px; top: 658.318px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08366);" role="presentation">reatividad e innovación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 307.275px; top: 658.318px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09926);" role="presentation">, pensamiento crítico</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.825px; top: 658.318px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 512.131px; top: 658.318px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08342);" role="presentation">resolución de problemas</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 729.121px; top: 658.318px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10861);" role="presentation">, modelaje de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02267);" role="presentation">ciudadanía digital</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 243.535px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00163);" role="presentation">y toma</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 303.862px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00555);" role="presentation">de decisiones</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 414.262px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993283);" role="presentation">; haberes que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 526.162px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01394);" role="presentation">benefician la educación autodidacta</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 823.577px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 832.299px; top: 684.864px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.890753);" role="presentation">Se </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 98.634px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00012);" role="presentation">oncluye</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 168.072px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02769);" role="presentation">que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 203.339px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989052);" role="presentation">las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 230.263px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01523);" role="presentation">pericias virtuales</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 376.34px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03875);" role="presentation">demuestran</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 479.139px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00936);" role="presentation">baja</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 517.819px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01943);" role="presentation">promoci</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 587.247px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99222);" role="presentation">ón de la</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 651.761px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 664.275px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0301);" role="presentation">técnicas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 736.326px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04086);" role="presentation">que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 772.004px; top: 711.788px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984704);" role="presentation">favorecen</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 738.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.971109);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 108.494px; top: 738.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03404);" role="presentation">autoenseñanza</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 232.159px; top: 738.744px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor 2022 https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38735 La enseñanza de la investigación cualitativa mediada por la tecnología. Aprendizajes del docente 2022-09-07T21:09:11+00:00 Maite Jiménez-Peralta Maite.jimenez@pucv.cl Carlos Zamora-Bugueño dr.psi.carlos.zamora.b@outlook.cl <p><span id="page104R_mcid12" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 395.822px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0626);" role="presentation">La pandemia generó un cambio disruptivo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 466.246px; top: 395.822px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0831);" role="presentation">en los procesos formativos que se dan en la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 422.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02907);" role="presentation">educación superior</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 249.255px; top: 422.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03169);" role="presentation">, afectando las respuestas emocionales y aumentando el debate sobre el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 449.339px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07497);" role="presentation">efecto de una realidad mediada por la tecnología. Ello usualmente abordado desde una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 476.263px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996232);" role="presentation">racionalidad técnica, desconoce al efecto que las percepciones de los docentes tienen sobre la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 503.188px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986248);" role="presentation">acció</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 132.384px; top: 503.188px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0748);" role="presentation">n del currículum oculto. Este texto explora la&nbsp; perspectiva docente, en cuanto a las</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00946);" role="presentation">relaciones e interdependencias entre la tecnología y el aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 641.475px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02125);" role="presentation">auto dirigido</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 749.251px; top: 529.733px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998663);" role="presentation">. Un análisis</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 556.657px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05605);" role="presentation">interpretativo fenomenológico (AFI) permite comprender</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 596.728px; top: 556.657px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 629.34px; top: 556.657px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09826);" role="presentation">retos y dilemas qu</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 793.619px; top: 556.657px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08331);" role="presentation">e debe</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 583.613px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99986);" role="presentation">resolver.</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid13" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 164.279px; top: 583.613px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01318);" role="presentation">La tensión principal se centra en la frontera entre las propias narrativas y las de los</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 610.537px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12612);" role="presentation">estudiantes, aspecto excluido de los análisis curriculares sobre los dilemas éticos y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 637.082px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998345);" role="presentation">metodológicos de la enseñanza. Todo ello, en un contexto de comun</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 647.59px; top: 637.082px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986551);" role="presentation">icación en línea donde se</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid17" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 664.007px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01069);" role="presentation">reducen los espacios con acceso a información no verbal que ayuden a la comprensión de la</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid18" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 690.931px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02984);" role="presentation">narrativa. <br></span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38736 La educación como factor de desarrollo de la sociedad conectiva en las condiciones de la transformación digital 2022-09-07T21:47:40+00:00 Vitalina Nikitenko vitalina2006@ukr.net Valentyna Voronkova valentinavoronkova236@gmail.com Roman Oleksenko roman.xdsl@ukr.net Regina Andriukaitiene regina.andriukaitiene@gmail.com Liudmyla Holovii Lyudmyla_Holoviy@nubip.edu.ua <p><span id="page105R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 284.301px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01093);" role="presentation">El propósito del estudio es conceptualizar el desarrollo cognitivo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 631.615px; top: 284.301px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996233);" role="presentation">de la sociedad co</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 771.625px; top: 284.301px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00911);" role="presentation">mo factor</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 310.846px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03809);" role="presentation">de transformación digital. La solución de este problema c</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 578.525px; top: 310.846px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04465);" role="presentation">ontribuye a la formación de una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 337.802px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03723);" role="presentation">nueva teoría que requiere la introducción de tecnologías innovadoras que juegan un papel</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 364.727px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02757);" role="presentation">muy importante en el desarrollo sostenible de la s</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 507.201px; top: 364.727px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00642);" role="presentation">ociedad. La metodo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 670.722px; top: 364.727px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990824);" role="presentation">logía de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 741.256px; top: 364.727px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00852);" role="presentation">investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 391.272px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04284);" role="presentation">utiliza</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 143.002px; top: 391.272px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02477);" role="presentation">da consiste en</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid9" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid10" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 265.562px; top: 391.272px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998775);" role="presentation">métodos y enfoques axiológicos, comp</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 584.593px; top: 391.272px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01924);" role="presentation">arativos, sinérgicos, estructural</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 844.103px; top: 391.272px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 418.196px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996907);" role="presentation">funcionales. Se explora el surgimiento de una nueva “persona digital”, cuya esencia es que la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 445.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02684);" role="presentation">revolución tecnológica ha hecho posible que</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid16" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 470.417px; top: 445.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06969);" role="presentation">tod</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid17" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 498.858px; top: 445.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03871);" role="presentation">os se con</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid18" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 576.629px; top: 445.12px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.055);" role="presentation">ecten a la red, para contribuir al</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid19" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 472.092px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11067);" role="presentation">efecto red, permitiendo que las perso</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid20" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 426.017px; top: 472.092px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12023);" role="presentation">nas trabajen en tiempo real y generen ingresos </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid21" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 498.637px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999894);" role="presentation">moviéndose en</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid22" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 217.749px; top: 498.637px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986958);" role="presentation">los mercados. Se ha</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid23" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 383.166px; top: 498.637px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05739);" role="presentation">estructurado</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid24" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid25" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.066px; top: 498.637px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998249);" role="presentation">el concepto de la formación de la economía</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid26" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03165);" role="presentation">digital</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid27" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 143.381px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid28" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid29" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 154.417px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04289);" role="presentation">como un factor en el</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid30" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 336.096px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0199);" role="presentation">desarrol</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid31" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 403.644px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03348);" role="presentation">lo cognit</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid32" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 478.76px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02302);" role="presentation">ivo de la sociedad</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid33" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 630.098px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid34" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid35" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 641.096px; top: 525.561px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02597);" role="presentation">y se han revelado nuevas</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid36" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02479);" role="presentation">estrategias digitales</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid37" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 259.115px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0064);" role="presentation">para firmas, empresas, organizaciones, empresas que enfrentan desafíos</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid38" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 579.442px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01602);" role="presentation">y oportunidades inconmensurables para la digitalización</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid39" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 563.357px; top: 579.442px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid40" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 577.388px; top: 579.442px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04142);" role="presentation">para</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid41" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 618.722px; top: 579.442px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00447);" role="presentation">lograr</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid42" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 672.239px; top: 579.442px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00219);" role="presentation">el éxito.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38737 El uso de la Tecnología de la Información en el proceso educativo durante la ley marcial 2022-09-07T22:30:12+00:00 Roksolana Patyk r_patykf@lnam.edu.ua Nataliia Benyakh benyakh_nmg4@lnam.edu.ua Olena Yakymova o_yakymova4@lnam.edu.ua Anna Yefimova av.yefimovaa@lnam.edu.ua Serhiy Danylyuk sergey.danilyukkk@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid9" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 277.855px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01853);" role="presentation">El objetivo del artículo fue evaluar la eficacia del apoyo emocional en la introducción de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 304.779px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986976);" role="presentation">tecnología de la información</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 325.098px; top: 304.779px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993582);" role="presentation">en las instituciones de educación superior durante la ley marcial.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 331.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08393);" role="presentation">Se utilizaron los siguientes métodos: teórico general; ensayo, análisis de productos de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 358.28px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02624);" role="presentation">actividad, experimento formativo, métodos estadísticos. Los componentes motivacionales,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997995);" role="presentation">cognitivos, d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 195.375px; top: 385.204px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999442);" role="presentation">e actividad y reflexivos de la competencia profesional fueron identificados en el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11856);" role="presentation">curso del análisis teórico. Se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 363.258px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12532);" role="presentation">registraron los indicadores medios de dominio de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 438.674px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0896);" role="presentation">componentes cognitivo, de actividad y reflexivo de la competencia profesional de los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05943);" role="presentation">estud</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 135.797px; top: 465.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990849);" role="presentation">iantes durante la ley marcial. El componente motivacional fue el menos desarrollado. El</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 492.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04263);" role="presentation">impacto experimental es efectivo para el desarrollo de los componentes motivacionales y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 519.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00821);" role="presentation">cognitivos, pero requiere mayor aclaración en el desarrollo de los componentes d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 760.249px; top: 519.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01378);" role="presentation">e actividad </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 546.039px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00945);" role="presentation">y reflexivos. La importancia de los cambios se confirma mediante la verificación estadística</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 572.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994389);" role="presentation">de los datos. Las perspectivas de investigación sobre el problema implican ampliar el número</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03923);" role="presentation">y la duración de la investigación sobre el uso de la tecno</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 570.941px; top: 599.919px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02082);" role="presentation">logía de la información educativa</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 626.844px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998439);" role="presentation">durante la ley marcial.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38739 Uso de herramientas tecnológicas en el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje del inglés en el sector rural ecuatoriano 2022-09-07T22:52:01+00:00 Mónica Llanos Encalada mllanos@ecotec.edu.ec Lilí Karina Criollo Quimí kchillo@mgs.ecotec.edu.ec <p><span id="page104R_mcid7" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 381.791px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05779);" role="presentation">Esta investigación tiene como objetivo explicar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 509.476px; top: 381.791px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08194);" role="presentation">de qué manera</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 647.59px; top: 381.791px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08981);" role="presentation">el uso de Herram</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 801.583px; top: 381.791px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04585);" role="presentation">ienta</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 843.344px; top: 381.791px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 408.716px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00133);" role="presentation">Tecnológica</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 189.687px; top: 408.716px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 205.993px; top: 408.716px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.980666);" role="presentation">influye</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 271.629px; top: 408.716px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0623);" role="presentation">en el desarrollo de habilidades</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 544.396px; top: 408.716px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 555.393px; top: 408.716px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07146);" role="presentation">el idioma inglés en estudiantes de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02176);" role="presentation">Educación General Básica</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.031px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03618);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 346.761px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06232);" role="presentation">una institución fiscal</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 536.401px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03466);" role="presentation">rural</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 584.593px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04935);" role="presentation">en Ecuador.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 694.233px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04018);" role="presentation">La impor</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 772.383px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04421);" role="presentation">tancia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 831.541px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 842.538px; top: 435.64px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01816);" role="presentation">desarroll</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 162.383px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04119);" role="presentation">ar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 184.378px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01804);" role="presentation">habilidades como</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 331.166px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid9" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 341.026px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.856938);" role="presentation">writing, reading, listening, and speaking</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid10" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 623.652px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 633.891px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.980499);" role="presentation">lleva a</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 692.337px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01717);" role="presentation">deci</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 726.467px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06111);" role="presentation">dir</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 756.077px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989355);" role="presentation">el</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid17" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 776.176px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00218);" role="presentation">apoy</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid18" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 815.993px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">o</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid19" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid20" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 831.541px; top: 464.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02304);" role="presentation">de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid21" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid22" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">h</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid23" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 100.53px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03395);" role="presentation">erramienta</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid24" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 191.204px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid25" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid26" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 206.372px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">t</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid27" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 213.577px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993925);" role="presentation">ecnológica</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid28" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 301.966px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid29" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid30" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 317.135px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07995);" role="presentation">bajo un contexto en</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid31" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 498.479px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05053);" role="presentation">el que</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid32" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 558.427px; top: 491.432px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06291);" role="presentation">la educación se forzó a ser virtual</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid33" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1195);" role="presentation">debido a la pandemia</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid34" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 296.278px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05078);" role="presentation">por</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid35" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid36" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 335.717px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990128);" role="presentation">Covid</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid37" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 385.82px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid38" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 392.646px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.85334);" role="presentation">19</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid39" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 410.09px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid40" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 425.259px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07802);" role="presentation">Para ello</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid41" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 514.406px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989355);" role="presentation">el</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid42" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid43" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 539.814px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00063);" role="presentation">enfoque</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid44" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid45" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 616.826px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08479);" role="presentation">de investigación es</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid46" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid47" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 796.653px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05118);" role="presentation">mixto</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid48" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 846.757px; top: 518.356px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid49" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid50" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01935);" role="presentation">cualitativo bajo una entrevista a expertos</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid51" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 431.326px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid52" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid53" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 440.427px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid54" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 454.49px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07696);" role="presentation">cuantitati</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid55" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 536.401px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">v</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid56" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 545.913px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">o</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid57" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 560.323px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01078);" role="presentation">mediante la rec</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid58" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 686.649px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00532);" role="presentation">opilación de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid59" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid60" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 792.103px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06417);" role="presentation">datos</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid61" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid62" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 842.538px; top: 545.281px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid63" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 571.826px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07445);" role="presentation">través de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid64" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 177.931px; top: 571.826px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1054);" role="presentation">un plan piloto con estudiantes de octavo de básica</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid65" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 631.236px; top: 571.826px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid66" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid67" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 644.935px; top: 571.826px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12558);" role="presentation">se parte de una prueba</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid68" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 598.782px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10021);" role="presentation">diagnóstica y posteriormente luego del uso de</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid69" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 513.648px; top: 598.782px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04284);" role="presentation">herr</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid70" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 547.809px; top: 598.782px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04531);" role="presentation">amientas tecnológicas</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid71" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 746.597px; top: 598.782px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06092);" role="presentation">se evalúa</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid72" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 836.85px; top: 598.782px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987365);" role="presentation">el</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid73" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 625.706px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01865);" role="presentation">desarrollo de habilidades del</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid74" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 334.2px; top: 625.706px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00497);" role="presentation">idioma</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid75" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid76" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 396.818px; top: 625.706px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.96902);" role="presentation">inglés. Lo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid77" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 476.105px; top: 625.706px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid78" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid79" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 489.378px; top: 625.706px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03135);" role="presentation">resultados muestran una notable diferencia</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid80" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 652.63px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01292);" role="presentation">en el desarrollo de habilidades con puntuaciones</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid81" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 496.583px; top: 652.63px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991557);" role="presentation">entre 7 y 8, seguidos de calificaciones entre</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid82" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 679.175px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07367);" role="presentation">9 y 10,</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid83" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 159.35px; top: 679.175px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09093);" role="presentation">lo cual denota</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid84" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 294.382px; top: 679.175px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04284);" role="presentation">los efectos</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid85" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page104R_mcid86" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 394.163px; top: 679.175px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10563);" role="presentation">positivos en los estudiantes ante el correcto uso de </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid87" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 706.1px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01077);" role="presentation">Herramientas Tecnológicas Ed</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid88" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 344.059px; top: 706.1px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">u</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid89" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 355.104px; top: 706.1px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00844);" role="presentation">cativas</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid90" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 412.365px; top: 706.1px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38740 La educación superior como determinante del desarrollo sostenible 2022-09-07T23:50:42+00:00 Olha Popelo popelo.olha@gmail.com Serhii Arefiev arefievso@gmail.com Oxana Rogulska oxana.rogulska@gmail.com Kateryna Rudnitska karudik29@gmail.com Denys Derevianko denisderevyanko28.04@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid10" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 232.349px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01136);" role="presentation">El propósito del artículo es estudiar la educación superior desde un enfoque sistémico como</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04656);" role="presentation">determinante</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 217.928px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02224);" role="presentation">del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 259.948px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01145);" role="presentation">desarrollo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 359.92px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02121);" role="presentation">sostenible.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 465.564px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997898);" role="presentation">Para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 518.949px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00447);" role="presentation">lograr</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 584.826px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04845);" role="presentation">este</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 635.18px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989225);" role="presentation">objetivo,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 723.767px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 764.292px; top: 259.273px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0009);" role="presentation">científicos</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 286.197px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05428);" role="presentation">fundamentaron las principales características de la educación superior como siste</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 791.344px; top: 286.197px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01741);" role="presentation">ma; las</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid14" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 313.153px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00777);" role="presentation">principales áreas de prioridad en el campo de la educación superior se destacan en un marco</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid15" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 339.698px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999246);" role="presentation">de tiempo; se esbozan las funciones de la educación en el desarrollo moderno de la sociedad;</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid16" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 366.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997152);" role="presentation">se destacan el papel y los principios de la educación superior</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid17" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 590.66px; top: 366.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990321);" role="presentation">en el crecimiento económico;</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid18" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.196px; top: 366.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid19" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 842.159px; top: 366.623px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid20" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid21" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 393.547px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03854);" role="presentation">fundamenta la relación y tendencias de la educación superior con las metas del desarrollo</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid22" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 420.471px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00425);" role="presentation">sostenible en la dirección de la solución de los problemas globales de la humanidad. La base</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid23" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07928);" role="presentation">metodológica de este estudio es un enfoqu</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid24" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 464.35px; top: 447.064px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07915);" role="presentation">e sistemático, que nos permite considerar la</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid25" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 473.988px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09109);" role="presentation">educación superior como un sistema social abierto con conexiones multivectoriales y</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid26" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 500.912px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04931);" role="presentation">heterogéneas entre los elementos, que tiene un impacto interdependiente en el desarrollo</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid27" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 527.837px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07842);" role="presentation">sostenible. Teniendo en cuenta las ten</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid28" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 422.984px; top: 527.837px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06148);" role="presentation">dencias y prioridades de la economía mundial, se </span></span><span id="page105R_mcid29" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 554.382px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995356);" role="presentation">destacan los cambios en el énfasis de la educación superior. Se ha estudiado que la educación</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid30" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 581.338px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01344);" role="presentation">superior asegura el desarrollo del potencial intelectual de la comunidad humana, contribuye</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid31" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 608.262px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.973287);" role="presentation">al logro de las metas</span></span><span id="page105R_mcid32" class="markedContent"></span><span id="page105R_mcid33" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 256.84px; top: 608.262px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990837);" role="presentation">del desarrollo sostenible y la consolidación de ciertos principios morales.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38741 Percepción y prácticas evaluativas de los docentes universitarios 2022-09-08T00:20:20+00:00 Oscar Efraín Capuñay Uceda ocapunay@gmail.com Limberg Zuñe Chero ocapunay@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid6" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 353.397px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00194);" role="presentation">La educación universitaria tiene entre sus objetivos formar a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 589.649px; top: 353.397px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00777);" role="presentation">la juventud</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 686.412px; top: 353.397px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00432);" role="presentation">en las competencias</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 380.132px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10143);" role="presentation">profesionales que aseguren su éxito en su vida laboral; actualmente, para evaluar los </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 406.898px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00849);" role="presentation">aprendizajes de estas competencias se continúa calificándose, usando exámenes escritos. En </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 433.633px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00266);" role="presentation">este trabajo de investigación se plante</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 400.104px; top: 433.633px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987792);" role="presentation">aron dos objetivos;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 557.795px; top: 433.633px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.951309);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 575.997px; top: 433.633px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0429);" role="presentation">primer</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 636.324px; top: 433.633px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00926);" role="presentation">fue</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 662.521px; top: 433.633px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98951);" role="presentation">, analizar la percepción </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 460.368px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06084);" role="presentation">que tienen los docentes sobre su práctica evaluativa realizada en la universidad; y como </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 487.134px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999393);" role="presentation">segundo objetivo, constatar si las tareas evaluativas aplicadas en su labor docente se orientan </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 514.438px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00895);" role="presentation">al aprendizaje.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 214.557px; top: 514.438px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00363);" role="presentation">En</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 243.046px; top: 514.438px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0169);" role="presentation">esta investig</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 346.635px; top: 514.438px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994878);" role="presentation">ación se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 417.785px; top: 514.438px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0075);" role="presentation">aplicó</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 472.993px; top: 514.438px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0151);" role="presentation">el enfoque cuantitativo y cualitativo, es decir, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 541.172px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02077);" role="presentation">una metodología mixta para el logro de los objetivos. El primer objetivo se logró usando el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 567.954px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03033);" role="presentation">enfoque cuantitativo a través del cuestionario ActEval</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 553.244px; top: 567.954px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03193);" role="presentation">y el cualitativo mediante el análisis</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 594.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99783);" role="presentation">documental. Los hallazgos respecto a la percepción de los docentes indican que ellos valoran </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 621.424px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05048);" role="presentation">la importancia de la evaluación y tienen las competencias para llevarlas a la práctica, sin </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 648.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05101);" role="presentation">embargo, reconocen no llevarlas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 379.058px; top: 648.19px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08245);" role="presentation">a la práctica frecuentemente. En conclusión, nuestros </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 675.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00974);" role="presentation">resultados demuestran que las prácticas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 418.923px; top: 675.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00175);" role="presentation">evaluativas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 514.517px; top: 675.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0085);" role="presentation">utilizadas por los docentes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 736.516px; top: 675.494px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02664);" role="presentation">universitarios </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05668);" role="presentation">no se orientan al aprendizaje,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 349.479px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 366.544px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03317);" role="presentation">se recomienda</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 495.177px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.951309);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 516.792px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0163);" role="presentation">diseñ</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 561.208px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07271);" role="presentation">o de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.607px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">p</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 616.984px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01653);" role="presentation">rogramas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 701.77px; top: 702.228px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05584);" role="presentation">de mejora para la </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 728.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02203);" role="presentation">utilización de prác</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 243.614px; top: 728.963px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01095);" role="presentation">ticas evaluativas orientadas al aprendizaje.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38742 Estrategia educativa Aprendo en casa y mediación virtual en aprendizaje de escolares en región Ancash de Perú 2022-09-08T00:51:45+00:00 Máximo Ramírez Julca m_ramirez_j@uap.edu.pe Jorge Luis Bringas Salvador m_ramirez_j@uap.edu.pe Johana Milagritos Ramírez Cerna m_ramirez_j@uap.edu.pe Pedro Aníbal Solís Cespedes m_ramirez_j@uap.edu.pe Víctor Daniel Hijar Hernández m_ramirez_j@uap.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid10" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986965);" role="presentation">El objetivo fue an</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 234.055px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00523);" role="presentation">alizar la estrategia educativa Aprendo en casa y la mediación virtual,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 806.513px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.977699);" role="presentation">com</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 841.401px; top: 477.022px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">o</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 503.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06211);" role="presentation">una respuesta adecuada</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 301.966px; top: 503.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 319.41px; top: 503.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0615);" role="presentation">eficiente para afrontar el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 540.572px; top: 503.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05335);" role="presentation">problema educativo generado por la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00105);" role="presentation">pandemia de COVID</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 264.045px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 270.871px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.942245);" role="presentation">19 en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 318.652px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00052);" role="presentation">la región</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 396.438px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996534);" role="presentation">Ancash</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 462.454px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02377);" role="presentation">de Perú</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 526.162px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 535.642px; top: 530.87px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997471);" role="presentation">La investigación fue aplicada, de nivel</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 557.415px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02613);" role="presentation">cuasi experimental. El universo de la población comprende a los padres de familia de siete</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 584.371px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01788);" role="presentation">instituciones públicas. La muestra del estudio fue la totalidad de 320 padres de familia, con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 611.296px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01998);" role="presentation">la aplicación del método cens</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 336.854px; top: 611.296px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.943379);" role="presentation">al.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 361.551px; top: 611.296px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.980941);" role="presentation">Se evidenció</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 470.417px; top: 611.296px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02852);" role="presentation">que los docentes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 615.309px; top: 611.296px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02665);" role="presentation">y los estudiantes,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 765.558px; top: 611.296px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02666);" role="presentation">han hecho</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 638.22px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05086);" role="presentation">uso de la plataforma oficial</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 333.062px; top: 638.22px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02224);" role="presentation">del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 366.48px; top: 638.22px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04385);" role="presentation">Ministerio de Educación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 577.008px; top: 638.22px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05705);" role="presentation">, para la enseñanza aprendizaje,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 664.765px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10321);" role="presentation">utilizando medios radiales, televisivos, aparatos móviles, que ha facilitado el trabajo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04996);" role="presentation">asincrónico. La</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 234.434px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.11151);" role="presentation">estrategia virtual, ha permitido</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 525.913px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10137);" role="presentation">la interacción docente</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 736.705px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">–</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 759.111px; top: 691.689px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04314);" role="presentation">estudiante,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 718.645px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0872);" role="presentation">facilitando el uso de las clases grabadas en videos y audios, permitiendo desarrollar y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 745.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04347);" role="presentation">controlar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 174.139px; top: 745.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00437);" role="presentation">mejor</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid11" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 229.884px; top: 745.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06199);" role="presentation">las asignaturas, lo que</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid12" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 430.568px; top: 745.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05401);" role="presentation">ha permitido conoce</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid13" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 607.346px; top: 745.57px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07858);" role="presentation">r la relación de la estrategia </span></span><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">A</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid15" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 102.805px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05031);" role="presentation">prendo</span></span><span id="page104R_mcid16" class="markedContent"> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 166.934px; top: 772.115px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99629);" role="presentation">en casa con la mediación virtual, para cumplir con el año escolar.</span></span></p> 2022-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38743 Gestión de la oferta académica y satisfacción estudiantil en tiempos de COVID-19 en Posgrado de la Universidad Señor de Sipán 2022-09-08T08:32:37+00:00 Húber Rodríguez Nomura herodriguez@crece.uss.edu.pe Erick Salazar Montoya esalazarm@crece.uss.edu.pe José Arturo Rodríguez Kong Arturokong@gmail.com María Patricia Rodríguez Kong pattykong21@gmail.com Soledad Janett Mostacero Llerena smostacero@unitru.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 451.235px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02908);" role="presentation">La presente investigación tuvo por objetivo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 462.074px; top: 451.235px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02944);" role="presentation">gestionar los elementos relevantes de la oferta</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 478.159px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995526);" role="presentation">académica y la relación con la satisfacción estudiantil en tiempos de COVID</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 716.228px; top: 478.159px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 723.054px; top: 478.159px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.957412);" role="presentation">19 en la Escuela</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 505.084px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99132);" role="presentation">de Posgrado de la Universidad Señor de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 419.191px; top: 505.084px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.972858);" role="presentation">Sipán, 2021. La investigación es de tipo básica, con el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04697);" role="presentation">propósito</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 183.095px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 215.675px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0155);" role="presentation">reforzar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 294.064px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01936);" role="presentation">conocimientos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 428.09px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03538);" role="presentation">existentes,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 529.966px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00972);" role="presentation">sobre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 587.918px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.970724);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 614.825px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992446);" role="presentation">especificación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 743.527px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04208);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 776.496px; top: 531.629px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996345);" role="presentation">variables</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 558.553px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03691);" role="presentation">determinantes de la oferta y de la demanda, para las maestrías de la Universidad Señor de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 585.509px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99419);" role="presentation">Sipán, que tomen validez</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 298.553px; top: 585.509px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986421);" role="presentation">en la propia realidad observable y en tiempos de pandemia en el año</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 612.433px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10677);" role="presentation">2021. Se utilizó el método inductivo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 419.95px; top: 612.433px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 426.396px; top: 612.433px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02997);" role="presentation">deductivo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 509.856px; top: 612.433px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 525.403px; top: 612.433px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.13799);" role="presentation">el diseño de la investigación es no</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 844.482px; top: 612.433px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 638.978px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02788);" role="presentation">experimental. Los resultados se analizaron a través de las variables estadísticas de forma y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 665.903px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03936);" role="presentation">contenido</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 177.931px; top: 665.903px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00991);" role="presentation">descriptivo. Para ello, se contrastó y probó la hipótesis de la investigación</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 790.586px; top: 665.903px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 799.687px; top: 665.903px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03091);" role="presentation">donde</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 692.827px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09436);" role="presentation">la gestión de la oferta académica formativa tiene relación positiva con la satisfacción</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 719.783px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01264);" role="presentation">estudiantil en tiempos de COVID</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 367.618px; top: 719.783px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 374.444px; top: 719.783px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995922);" role="presentation">19, en posgrado de la Universidad Señor de Sipán du</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 808.03px; top: 719.783px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04942);" role="presentation">rante </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 746.328px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.971493);" role="presentation">el año 2021, utilizándose el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, con un nivel de significación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02194);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 114.182px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">α</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 130.109px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.956383);" role="presentation">= 0.05, obteni</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 238.985px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">é</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 248.118px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02174);" role="presentation">ndose un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 327.753px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">í</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 333.062px; top: 774.39px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.961702);" role="presentation">ndice de 0.912.</span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38744 Plataforma virtual de aprendizaje basada en WordPress y Moodle para la mejora del proceso de evaluación de exámenes en el Centro de Educación Técnico Productiva “Bárbara Micarelli” 2022-09-08T09:00:35+00:00 Percy Magallán Maslucán percymagallan@gmail.com Roberto Carlos Santa Cruz Acosta roberto.santacruz@untrm.edu.pe Ítalo Maldonado Ramírez italo.maldonado@untrm.edu.pe Carlos Ríos-Campos carlos.rios@untrm.edu.pe Roberto Pérez Astonitas pperezas3072@ucvvirtual.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid8" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 491.622px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.964156);" role="presentation">La</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 118.732px; top: 491.622px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00472);" role="presentation">investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 233.676px; top: 491.622px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08894);" role="presentation">se desarrolló en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 377.857px; top: 491.622px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08124);" role="presentation">el Centro de Educación Técnico Productiva (CETPRO) </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.963876);" role="presentation">“Bárbara</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 163.142px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02303);" role="presentation">Mi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 185.895px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01891);" role="presentation">carel</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 224.954px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.971392);" role="presentation">li</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 235.193px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00714);" role="presentation">”, ubicado en el distrito de Jumbilla,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 528.437px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00913);" role="presentation">Perú. Su objetivo consistió en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 770.867px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994968);" role="presentation">mejorar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 836.85px; top: 517.408px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01136);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 543.195px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985248);" role="presentation">proceso de evaluación de exámenes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 371.031px; top: 543.195px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 381.27px; top: 543.195px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 393.405px; top: 543.195px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0622);" role="presentation">esta</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 429.051px; top: 543.195px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">i</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 434.36px; top: 543.195px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00329);" role="presentation">nstitución, mediante el uso de una plataforma virtual</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01108);" role="presentation">de aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 209.785px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01523);" role="presentation">basada en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 292.865px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02107);" role="presentation">WordPress y Moodle</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 462.833px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 471.555px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.98435);" role="presentation">para ello se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 564.494px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993603);" role="presentation">emple</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 612.655px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.977919);" role="presentation">ó la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 644.935px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.9998);" role="presentation">metodología de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 772.004px; top: 568.982px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00452);" role="presentation">ingeniería</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0166);" role="presentation">de software</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 187.412px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.943557);" role="presentation">XP</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 215.474px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01988);" role="presentation">(Programación Extrema)</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 415.02px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999334);" role="presentation">, tomando como</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 547.05px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04948);" role="presentation">muestra</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 616.826px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 629.719px; top: 594.8px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997475);" role="presentation">los 6 docentes del CETPRO</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.963876);" role="presentation">“Bárbara</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 172.511px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.972415);" role="presentation">Micarelli”</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 251.91px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 270.871px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.979757);" role="presentation">Asimismo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 350.174px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 369.135px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998173);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 399.851px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00741);" role="presentation">realizó</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 469.184px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0376);" role="presentation">una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 513.493px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00472);" role="presentation">investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 633.958px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993502);" role="presentation">aplicada,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 718.81px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03483);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 762.744px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05303);" role="presentation">un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 797.982px; top: 620.587px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0126);" role="presentation">diseño</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 646.373px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03172);" role="presentation">preexperimental, fundamentado en mediciones de preprueba y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 602.795px; top: 646.373px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04314);" role="presentation">posprueba</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 687.028px; top: 646.373px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 697.267px; top: 646.373px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04132);" role="presentation">utilizando</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 785.277px; top: 646.373px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03002);" role="presentation">técnicas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 672.16px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01586);" role="presentation">de recolección de datos como la encuesta</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 419.571px; top: 672.16px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 429.051px; top: 672.16px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995222);" role="presentation">así como</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 504.167px; top: 672.16px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04248);" role="presentation">también</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 575.112px; top: 672.16px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01512);" role="presentation">mediciones de tiempo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 751.147px; top: 672.16px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02387);" role="presentation">, obteniendo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06818);" role="presentation">como resultados</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 227.608px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 243.535px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 248.876px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08114);" role="presentation">a mitigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 366.48px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03261);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 397.576px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05303);" role="presentation">un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 430.189px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.953663);" role="presentation">58.53%</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 499.996px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 510.235px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.983652);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 535.642px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07188);" role="presentation">tiempo promedio</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 692.844px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06125);" role="presentation">de formulación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 831.884px; top: 697.947px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00398);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988835);" role="presentation">evaluaciones</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 190.445px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 199.926px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999572);" role="presentation">la mitigaci</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 283.385px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">ó</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 293.624px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">n</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 308.792px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00446);" role="presentation">en un 42.99%</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 423.742px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 433.981px; top: 723.765px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01646);" role="presentation">el tiempo promedio para organizar los materiales de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03457);" role="presentation">estudio</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 148.349px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 157.45px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 171.485px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985512);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 194.996px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02578);" role="presentation">increment</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 276.18px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">o</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 290.59px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03403);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 314.48px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0725);" role="presentation">un</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 340.267px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.921853);" role="presentation">52.10%</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 401.368px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">d</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 411.607px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00355);" role="presentation">el grado de satisfacción</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 602.795px; top: 749.551px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01316);" role="presentation">de los docentes para el proceso</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997369);" role="presentation">de evaluación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 203.339px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00122);" role="presentation">de exámenes</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 305px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 314.101px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01394);" role="presentation">concluyendo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 421.467px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987762);" role="presentation">así</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 447.664px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02859);" role="presentation">que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 482.552px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00737);" role="presentation">la plataforma</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 592.935px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03066);" role="presentation">virtual</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 651.003px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01797);" role="presentation">de aprendizaje</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 767.833px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 776.934px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988034);" role="presentation">mejor</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 822.44px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">ó</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 836.85px; top: 775.338px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01136);" role="presentation">el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 801.125px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.99352);" role="presentation">proceso de evaluación de exámenes</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 369.893px; top: 801.125px; font-size: 19.7192px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38745 Efecto de la Prueba Ser Bachiller en estudiantes del tercer año de secundaria 2022-09-08T09:32:43+00:00 Jairo Miguel Macías Dumes jmacias@ucvvirtual.edu.pe Julio César Tay León tayleon26@hotmail.com Víctor Manuel Chaname Morales machamo992709130@gmail.com Alberto Lachos Dávila alachosd1271@yahoo.com Doris Elena Delgado Tapia dedelgadot@unach.edu.pe Ángelo Guerrero García angelo.guerrero@untrm.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid18" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 468.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.944777);" role="presentation">La</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 115.699px; top: 468.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00496);" role="presentation">investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 231.021px; top: 468.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03561);" role="presentation">tuvo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 274.663px; top: 468.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01405);" role="presentation">como objetivo general determinar el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 581.18px; top: 468.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00374);" role="presentation">efecto</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 636.593px; top: 468.679px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00205);" role="presentation">de la Prueba Ser Bachiller</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 495.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998524);" role="presentation">en los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 142.661px; top: 495.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03566);" role="presentation">estudiantes del tercer</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 326.663px; top: 495.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01159);" role="presentation">año de secundaria</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 475.726px; top: 495.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 485.206px; top: 495.224px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997203);" role="presentation">Su diseño es del tipo fenomenológico dado a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 522.148px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999592);" role="presentation">que se enfoca en la esencia de la experiencia compartida y se fundamenta en el enfoque de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 549.073px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01103);" role="presentation">fenomenología hermenéutica.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 342.969px; top: 549.073px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">S</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 352.449px; top: 549.073px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04245);" role="presentation">e empleó un tipo de investigación básica, cuyo enfoque de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 575.618px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03369);" role="presentation">investigación es mixta, aplicada</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 367.618px; top: 575.618px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.960032);" role="presentation">a 337</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 418.054px; top: 575.618px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06435);" role="presentation">estudiantes del tercer</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 609.289px; top: 575.618px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03659);" role="presentation">año de secundaria.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 773.9px; top: 575.618px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05525);" role="presentation">Entre los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 602.574px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01086);" role="presentation">resultados más significativos podemos destacar que el Promedio de la Nota obtenida para la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 629.498px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03895);" role="presentation">Postulación a la Educación Superior por los estudiantes evaluados, fue de 745 ubicando a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 656.422px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06283);" role="presentation">dichos sustentant</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 239.016px; top: 656.422px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01812);" role="presentation">es en el Nivel Elemental de los saberes disciplinares. De las conclusiones</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 682.967px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0876);" role="presentation">podemos destacar que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 297.416px; top: 682.967px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09977);" role="presentation">la Prueba Ser Bachiller influyó de manera significativa en los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 710.271px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03716);" role="presentation">estudiantes del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 219.645px; top: 710.271px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01385);" role="presentation">tercer año de secundaria</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 421.119px; top: 710.271px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">. <br></span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38746 Estrategias de lectura para mejorar el nivel de comprensión de textos en los niños de primaria 2022-09-08T10:07:08+00:00 Ruth Elizabeth Avalos Hubeck rutavalos@gmail.com Juan Alberto Avalos Hubeck juanavalosh@hotmail.com Delma Diana Reynoso Canicani reynosodrc01@gmail.com Daniel Jesús Castro Vargas djcastrov@unach.edu.pe Jury Yesenia Aquino Trujillo jaquino@usat.edu.pe Antero Alexander Cabrera Torres acabrera@unf.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid14" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 445.547px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.994002);" role="presentation">Se intenta demostrar que la aplicación de estrategias de lectura mejora el nivel de comprensión de textos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 470.575px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991713);" role="presentation">en los niños.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 188.549px; top: 470.575px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00542);" role="presentation">Para conocer el nivel de comprensión de textos, se aplicó el Pre test al grupo experimental</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 495.224px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01335);" role="presentation">y grupo control. Se elaboró y ejecutó, en el grupo experimental, un programa de estrategias de lectura,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 519.873px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999338);" role="presentation">que consta de 15 sesiones de&nbsp; aprendizaje, las mismas que pre</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 553.845px; top: 519.873px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02973);" role="presentation">sentan lecturas de interés.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 759.079px; top: 519.873px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03394);" role="presentation">Posteriormente</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 544.522px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995624);" role="presentation">se aplicó el post test, en donde se evidenció que los estudiantes del grupo experimental habían mejorado </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 569.55px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.019);" role="presentation">su nivel de comprensión de textos. Los niños utilizaron estrategias como el subrayado, elaboración de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 594.231px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06936);" role="presentation">un map</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 149.828px; top: 594.231px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06036);" role="presentation">a mental de la lectura, fundamentaron sus respuestas, tuvieron una mayor concentración al</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 618.88px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.997402);" role="presentation">momento de leer, lo que les permitió obtener mejores resultados. Estas estrategias las utilizaron también</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 643.908px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02971);" role="presentation">en otras áreas mejorando así su rendimiento.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 443.082px; top: 643.908px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02123);" role="presentation">Los resultados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 561.46px; top: 643.908px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03522);" role="presentation">obtenidos, permit</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 699.922px; top: 643.908px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998482);" role="presentation">ieron</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 744.29px; top: 643.908px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04174);" role="presentation">concluir que este</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 668.557px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.984967);" role="presentation">trabajo de investigación contribuye a la educación, ya que da solución a uno de los principales problemas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 693.206px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0054);" role="presentation">como es la deficiencia en la comprensión de textos, siendo fundamental que los estudiantes conozcan y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01434);" role="presentation">aplique</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 146.415px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00565);" role="presentation">n diversas estrategias que les permit</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 422.225px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03066);" role="presentation">an</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 444.599px; top: 718.266px; font-size: 18.9608px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01729);" role="presentation">un aprendizaje óptimo y trascendental.</span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38747 El diseño gráfico como indicador de las transformaciones sociales 2022-09-14T16:11:37+00:00 Maryna Kolosnichenko kmar.design@gmail.com Oleksandra Kolisnyk kolyisnik_ov@knutd.edu.ua Yevhen Gula eivgeniy.gula@gmail.com Antonina Dubrivna dybrivna.ap@gmail.com Tetyana Nikolayeva nik.taniya@gmail.com <p><span id="page105R_mcid3" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 247.549px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.985678);" role="presentation">Objetivo: El objetivo del artículo implicó el estudio empírico de la correlación entre el uso del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 275.99px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989898);" role="presentation">diseño gráfico y la percepción de las transformaciones sociales en la sociedad.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 729.121px; top: 275.99px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.86008);" role="presentation">Metodología:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 828.697px; top: 275.99px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.980227);" role="presentation">En</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.995685);" role="presentation">la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 124.012px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00609);" role="presentation">investigación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 254.7px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981246);" role="presentation">se</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 292.195px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05365);" role="presentation">utiliza</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 346.066px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04552);" role="presentation">ron</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 395.499px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02593);" role="presentation">encuestas,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 501.246px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03123);" role="presentation">pruebas,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 592.781px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01731);" role="presentation">diagnósticos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 717.182px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04208);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 758.117px; top: 303.341px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03366);" role="presentation">adaptación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 330.644px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999199);" role="presentation">sociopsicológica, diferenciaciones semánticas privadas, Escala EPA (Evaluación</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 755.287px; top: 330.644px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 767.801px; top: 330.644px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01512);" role="presentation">Potencia</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 844.055px; top: 330.644px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 357.379px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02884);" role="presentation">Actividad). Los cálculos estadísticos se realizaron mediante análisis factorial, prueba U de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 384.145px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02631);" role="presentation">Mann</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 138.869px; top: 384.145px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">-</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 146.832px; top: 384.145px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02909);" role="presentation">Whitney y coefi</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 282.895px; top: 384.145px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02931);" role="presentation">ciente de correlación de Pearson. El grupo de expertos seleccionó 5</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 410.88px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03419);" role="presentation">artículos de publicidad social de 40 muestras. Según los expertos, estas muestras cumplen</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00344);" role="presentation">con</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 132.51px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.981727);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 168.878px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01945);" role="presentation">criterios</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 250.154px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01346);" role="presentation">de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 282.57px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02318);" role="presentation">desempeño</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 389.464px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0404);" role="presentation">artístico</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 470.719px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00446);" role="presentation">profesional</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 576.425px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 598.028px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00984);" role="presentation">incluyen</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 681.577px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03375);" role="presentation">fuertes</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 752.061px; top: 437.615px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989925);" role="presentation">significados</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 464.35px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.988074);" role="presentation">emocionales.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 198.63px; top: 464.35px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990488);" role="presentation">Las muestras seleccionadas por el grupo de expertos se utilizaron como material</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 493.391px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07781);" role="presentation">de estímulo.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 208.3px; top: 493.391px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.85691);" role="presentation">Resultados:</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 301.666px; top: 493.391px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.12011);" role="presentation">Hay una división de publicidad provocativa y publicidad no </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 520.695px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.986745);" role="presentation">provocativa sobre la base de la forma artística y la naturaleza del mensaje de información.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 821.302px; top: 520.695px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.966661);" role="presentation">Los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 547.429px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06066);" role="presentation">datos obtenidos atestiguan que el diseño de publicidad social es un indicador de cambio</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 574.212px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01962);" role="presentation">social en la sociedad. El diseño gráfico puede influir en el estado de ánimo y dar forma a la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 600.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00208);" role="presentation">percepción de la cosmovisión del producto publicitario. El diseño gráf</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 667.641px; top: 600.946px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00292);" role="presentation">ico ayuda a estudiar la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 628.25px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.10565);" role="presentation">preparación de los encuestados para la introducción de una narrativa particular en el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.3432px; top: 655.016px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00263);" role="presentation">discurso, es decir, para formar la opinión pública.</span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38748 Tunantada, pasión hecha canción 2022-09-08T10:52:08+00:00 Edwin Roger Esteban-Rivera resteban@unheval.edu.pe Sonia Fiorella Callupe Becerra scallupe@unheval.edu.pe Amancio Ricardo Rojas-Cotrina arojas@unheval.edu.pe Carlos Fernando López Rengifo cflopez@uncp.edu.pe Nicéforo Bustamante Paulino nbustamante@unheval.edu.pe <p><span id="page104R_mcid10" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.944247);" role="presentation">La</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 114.94px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">t</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 122.145px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06038);" role="presentation">unantada</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 205.235px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02355);" role="presentation">es una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 262.907px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02367);" role="presentation">expresión cultural de la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 464.35px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.999443);" role="presentation">provincia de Jauja, región Junín</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 730.638px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">(</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 738.602px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02516);" role="presentation">Perú</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 777.313px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00273);" role="presentation">),</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 793.999px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00493);" role="presentation">que e</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 838.367px; top: 406.061px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00735);" role="presentation">n los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04009);" role="presentation">últimos años se irradió en todo el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 378.236px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02678);" role="presentation">país</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 418.054px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04763);" role="presentation">y en parte del mund</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 589.143px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">o</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 599.382px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01201);" role="presentation">. M</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 628.202px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03749);" role="presentation">uchas son las razones para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 858.465px; top: 432.606px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03288);" role="presentation">su</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 459.578px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01797);" role="presentation">expansión, una de ellas</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 288.694px; top: 459.578px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00767);" role="presentation">es</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 311.447px; top: 459.578px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01626);" role="presentation">la música. El propósito del</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 539.814px; top: 459.578px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03273);" role="presentation">artículo</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 610px; top: 459.578px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01821);" role="presentation">es conocer la historia de vida de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 486.502px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03597);" role="presentation">algunos de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 188.549px; top: 486.502px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0338);" role="presentation">sus</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 222.679px; top: 486.502px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03639);" role="presentation">músicos y compositores</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 426.776px; top: 486.502px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 438.531px; top: 486.502px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.068);" role="presentation">e interpretar los sentimientos que les impulsaron a</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 513.426px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02297);" role="presentation">componer canciones en género tunantada. L</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 459.041px; top: 513.426px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02213);" role="presentation">a perspectiva</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 574.354px; top: 513.426px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01661);" role="presentation">metodológica cualitativa</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 779.968px; top: 513.426px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 789.827px; top: 513.426px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01649);" role="presentation">paradigma</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04563);" role="presentation">interpretativo,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 214.336px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02755);" role="presentation">método</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 281.868px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00336);" role="presentation">historia de vida, sirvieron de ruta para</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 598.624px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996173);" role="presentation">recog</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 643.75px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04119);" role="presentation">er</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 664.275px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00082);" role="presentation">y procesar</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 753.012px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0193);" role="presentation">in</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 769.35px; top: 539.972px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998132);" role="presentation">formación de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 566.896px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.989443);" role="presentation">los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 119.112px; top: 566.896px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02692);" role="presentation">músicos y compositores</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 321.306px; top: 566.896px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03431);" role="presentation">. Se realizó la revisión documental y la entrevista en profundidad</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 873.302px; top: 566.896px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">, </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 593.852px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998773);" role="presentation">hallándose que, como arte o como expresión interna del hombre, los compositores transmit</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 834.575px; top: 593.852px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03618);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 858.086px; top: 593.852px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03466);" role="presentation">en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 620.776px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02248);" role="presentation">las canciones sentimientos</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 317.135px; top: 620.776px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00522);" role="presentation">individuales y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 438.531px; top: 620.776px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00134);" role="presentation">colectivos</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 521.611px; top: 620.776px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">;</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 531.092px; top: 620.776px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02944);" role="presentation">por consiguiente, la tunantada gusta a la</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 869.51px; top: 620.776px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">s</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01513);" role="presentation">personas porque ref</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 253.806px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">l</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 259.115px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">e</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 267.837px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.9711);" role="presentation">ja</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 286.418px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01974);" role="presentation">su sentir, dolo</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 403.644px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">r</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 410.849px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00077);" role="presentation">, desilusión y esperanza</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 605.829px; top: 647.321px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">.</span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor https://produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/rluz/article/view/38749 Elsa Mentz and Anitia Lubbe (2021). Learning Through Assessment: An Approach Towards Self-Directed Learning. Aosis Publishing 2022-09-08T11:04:44+00:00 Roberto Carlos Dávila Morán rdavila430@gmail.com <p><span id="page104R_mcid5" class="markedContent"><span dir="ltr" style="left: 145.278px; top: 342.353px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01315);" role="presentation">La relación entre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 291.727px; top: 342.353px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01785);" role="presentation">aprendizaje y evaluación se explica a través de tres conceptos. Hay </span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 377.241px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.06224);" role="presentation">tres tipos de evaluaciones: evaluación del aprendizaje</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 556.91px; top: 377.241px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">,</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 569.803px; top: 377.241px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.05668);" role="presentation">evaluación para el aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 841.78px; top: 377.241px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif;" role="presentation">y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00235);" role="presentation">evaluación como aprendizaje.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 339.129px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993057);" role="presentation">El objetivo de</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 458.282px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00808);" role="presentation">evaluación del aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 683.995px; top: 412.128px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00353);" role="presentation">suele ser sumativo y</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 447.443px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0604);" role="presentation">se completa al final de una unidad, curso, semestre, etc. La evaluación formativa es una</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 482.331px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03113);" role="presentation">preocupación en</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 234.055px; top: 482.331px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01628);" role="presentation">la evaluación para el aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 513.268px; top: 482.331px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03077);" role="presentation">y se lleva a cabo continuamente durante</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 517.219px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02171);" role="presentation">todo el proceso de aprendizaje.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 355.104px; top: 517.219px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00337);" role="presentation">La evaluación como apren</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 572.458px; top: 517.219px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00816);" role="presentation">dizaje</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 622.135px; top: 517.219px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02521);" role="presentation">, por otro lado, cuestiona la</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09881);" role="presentation">autoevaluación, la autodirección y la autorregulación del alumno.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 691.2px; top: 552.486px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.08223);" role="presentation">Los enfoques más</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 587.405px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00174);" role="presentation">significativos en este tipo de evaluación son la&nbsp; autoevaluación y la evaluación por pares, que</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 622.293px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01293);" role="presentation">requieren que los alumnos participen activ</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 441.944px; top: 622.293px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996304);" role="presentation">amente en el proceso de aprendizaje y evaluación.</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 657.181px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00269);" role="presentation">En este sentido, existe una correlación significativa entre</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 562.219px; top: 657.181px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991751);" role="presentation">la evaluación como aprendizaje</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 823.577px; top: 657.181px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.924724);" role="presentation">y el</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 692.448px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02937);" role="presentation">aprendizaje autodirigido, que requiere que el alumno tome la iniciativa para identificar los</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 727.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.1074);" role="presentation">requisitos y recu</span><span dir="ltr" style="left: 239.743px; top: 727.367px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.09463);" role="presentation">rsos de aprendizaje, seleccionar técnicas de aprendizaje adecuadas e</span> <span dir="ltr" style="left: 89.5328px; top: 762.255px; font-size: 20.4776px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00635);" role="presentation">implementar y evaluar los resultados del aprendizaje.</span></span></p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+00:00 Derechos de autor