Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Publicación cientíca en formato digital
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185
Depósito legal pp 197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 75
2022
Recibido el 15/08/22 Aceptado el 11/11/22
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De pó si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
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Vol. 40, Nº 75 (2022), 299-311
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Public administration reform
in the forestry sector
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4075.20
Оlena Gulac *
Roman Oleksenko **
Yevhen Sobol ***
Tetiana Milova ****
Kateryna Troshkina *****
Abstract
The purpose of the research was to determine and substantiate
the content of public administration in the forestry sector of
Ukraine on the basis of sustainable development with a balance
of social, economic and environmental interests of the state in
the study area. To achieve this goal, general scientic and special
scientic methods of cognition were used, in particular, dialectical,
logical-formal, analysis and synthesis, structural-systemic, legal-
comparative, legal-formal and prognostic. Everything allows to conclude
that, it is expedient to develop and adopt the Forestry Strategy of Ukraine,
with a separate section on the denition of tools for improving re safety in
forests, based on the principles of the European Union Forestry Strategy, in
particular: sustainable and multifunctional forest management, balanced
use of various forest resources and services, ensuring the protection of
forests; resource eciency, optimizing the contribution of forests and
forestry sector to rural development, economic growth and job creation;
global responsibility for forests, promotion of sustainable (responsible)
production and consumption of forest products.
Keywords: policy reform; sustainable development; public
administration; forestry; forestry studies.
* National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://
orcid.org/0000-0001-9004-0185
** Dmytro Motornyi Tavria State Agrotechnological University, Melitopol, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://
orcid.org/0000-0002-2171-514X
*** Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central Ukrainian State Pedagogical University, Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0804-8354
**** Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central Ukrainian State Pedagogical University, Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1480-6772
***** Volodymyr Vynnychenko Central Ukrainian State Pedagogical University, Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1795-7234
300
Оlena Gulac, Roman Oleksenko, Yevhen Sobol, Tetiana Milova y Kateryna Troshkina
Public administration reform in the forestry sector
Reforma de la administración pública en el sector
forestal
Resumen
El propósito de la investigación fue determinar y fundamentar el
contenido de la administración pública en el sector forestal de Ucrania
sobre la base del desarrollo sostenible con un equilibrio de los intereses
sociales, económicos y ambientales del Estado en el área de estudio.
Para lograr este objetivo, se utilizaron métodos de cognició,n cientícos
generales y cientícos especiales, en particular, dialéctico, lógico-formal,
análisis y síntesis, estructural-sistémico, legal-comparativo, legal-formal
y de pronóstico. Todo permite concluir que, es conveniente desarrollar y
adoptar la Estrategia Forestal de Ucrania, con una sección separada sobre
la denición de herramientas para mejorar la seguridad contra incendios
en los bosques, basada en los principios de la Estrategia Forestal de la
Unión Europea, en particular: gestión forestal sostenible y multifuncional,
uso equilibrado de diversos recursos y servicios forestales, asegurando
la protección de los bosques; la eciencia de los recursos, optimizando
la contribución de los bosques y el sector forestal al desarrollo rural, el
crecimiento económico y la creación de empleo; responsabilidad mundial
por los bosques, promoción de la producción y el consumo sostenibles
(responsables) de productos forestales.
Palabras clave: reforma política; desarrollo sostenible; administración
pública; bosques; estudios forestales.
Introduction
Ukraine is on the threshold of signicant, essential challenges, in which
each of us is a direct participant. However, in our opinion, the biggest
challenge in the situation of brutal military actions, signicant economic
decline, the breakdown of old state structures and the formation of a
new essential platform for the establishment of state and self-governing
institutions is the need to observe, rst of all, legal and ideological norms
before the international community.
Because the very existence of our state currently depends to a large
extent on how, to what extent and in what manner public institutions
will respond to the threats and challenges of a global scale that have been
haunting our country recently (Gulaс, 2020). The negative interaction of
the environment and human activity has a global character, so it cannot be
resolved within the borders of one country (Mazii, 2012).
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CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 75 (2022): 299-311
The economic growth of each state inevitably leads to an increase in
the use of natural resources and wastes of consumption, and increases
the anthropogenic load on the envіronment. (Kolokolchykova et al., 2021)
Our envіronment іs constantly changіng. However, as our environment
changes, so does the need to become increasingly aware of the problems
that surround it.
The processes of globalization and social transformation have increased
the priority of environmental protection, the desire to achieve ecological
balance and ensure the sustainable development of the country (Kurylo et
al., 2020).
The main principles (strategy) of the state environmental policy of
Ukraine for the period until 2030, approved by the Law of Ukraine dated
28.02.2019, among the existing problems of the current state of the
environment in Ukraine, note that the processes of globalization and social
transformations have increased the priority of environmental protection,
and therefore, Ukraine needs to take urgent measures.
In particular, attention is focused on the fact that for a long time the
economic development of the state was accompanied by unbalanced
exploitation of natural resources, low priority of environmental protection
issues, which made it impossible to achieve balanced (sustainable)
development (On the Basic principles (strategy) of the state environmental
policy of Ukraine for the period until 2030: Law of Ukraine, 2019).
Forests of Ukraine are an extremely important natural resource, the
value of which is due to important characteristics that make it possible
to use them as an important ecological, economic and social component,
etc., which, however, requires a long time to renew. However, it is not
possible to achieve eciency in the management of forest resources only
through changes to the forest legislation. Because, as correctly stated: “...
the eect of norms establishing ideal behavior models from the point of
view of legal regulation is often leveled by their ineective implementation”
(Khludeneva, 2011: 12).
Diculties of reforming public management in the eld of forest
relations on the territory of our state in modern conditions, the inability
of previous organizational formations in this eld to eectively implement
tasks related to ensuring re safety, the limitation of nancial and material
resources of the state require a thorough restructuring of such relations, the
search for eective ways of their further development (Gulaс, 2020).
The imperfection of the nancial and economic mechanism for the
development of the forest industry; multi-departmental forest management
system; lack of an economic mechanism for stimulating the use of
environmentally friendly technologies; imperfect level of re protection
in the forest fund; a signicant amount of illegal logging; imperfect
302
Оlena Gulac, Roman Oleksenko, Yevhen Sobol, Tetiana Milova y Kateryna Troshkina
Public administration reform in the forestry sector
redistribution of forest fund lands; growth of man-made load on forest
ecosystems; legal nihilism and a relatively low level of legal responsibility
for forest violations are the existing problems that generally characterize
the most signicant shortcomings in the eld of forest use and require
optimization.
Thus, the main content should be the development of an eective
mechanism aimed at achieving a harmonious balance between the social,
economic and ecological interests of the state in the studied industry.
(Oleksenko et al., 2021) Ensuring such a balance can only be guaranteed
by the state, as an institution as a whole, through the eective distribution
of relevant powers between the entire system of state and non-state bodies.
1. Objectives
The purpose of this work is to dene and substantiate the content of
public management in the forest industry of Ukraine on the basis of
sustainable development, while maintaining the balance of social, economic
and ecological interests of the state in the researched industry.
2. Materials and methods
To achieve the purpose, general scientic and special scientic methods
of cognition were used, in particular dialectical, formal-logical, analysis
and synthesis, systemic-structural, comparative-legal, formal-legal,
prognostic. The application of the dialectical method made it possible to
investigate the directions of the formation of an eective state instrument
aimed at achieving a harmonious balance between the social, economic and
ecological interests of the state in the forest sector of Ukraine.
Taking into account the scientic theory of “person’s place in the
safety of life”, the author’s vision of a multi-component system of such an
instrument with an emphasis on its environmentalization is presented.
The theoretical and methodological basis of the study was the previous
work of the co-authors regarding: Cooperation of Ukraine and the European
Union in the Ecological Sector (Gulac, 2019a), New Approaches to Providing
of Environmental Management in Ukraine on the Way to Euro Integration
(Gulac, 2019b), analysis Ensuring Sustainable Development of Local Self
Government (Ladychenko, 2021), Formation of Ukraine’s Climate Policy
in the Context of European Integration (Golovko, 2021), Sustainable
Approaches to Waste Management (Kutsevych, 2020), Legal Regulation
of Waste Management in Ukraine on the Way to European Integration
(Kidalov, 2020), Problems and Prospects of Implementation of European
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CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 75 (2022): 299-311
Environmental Policy in Ukraine (Ladychenko, 2017), State environmental
policy on the issue of legal regulation of re safety in the forests of Ukraine
(Gulac, 2022).
3. Results and discussion
The role of the state in ensuring sustainable preservation and protection
of national forests is not only in the creation of high-quality normative
legal acts and, most importantly, their implementation. The state, as the
main driving force of social and economic development, at the same time
acts as a guarantor of ensuring social and ecological balance in the eld
of bioresources and nature management as a whole, which is realized
by the creation and eective functioning of relevant state institutions,
infrastructure development, initiating the accumulation of certain material
funds, additional investments, etc.
Given the need to increase the level of preservation and protection of
forests, the Concept of the National Environmental Policy of Ukraine for
the period until 2020 notes that the rational use and reproduction of forest
resources requires the creation of a full-edged forest monitoring system
as a complex of continuous monitoring, assessment and forecasting of their
condition.
Within the framework of the system of state monitoring of the natural
environment of Ukraine, forest monitoring should become a means of
management in the eld of forest resources by optimizing the system of
forest use and preventing critical environmental phenomena and processes
(Concept of the National Environmental Policy of Ukraine for the period
until 2020: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, 2007).
A signicant role in the reform and development of domestic forestry is
necessary. Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On approval of
the Concept of reform and development of forestry” dated April 18, 2006
No. 208. The approval of the Concept is due to signicant problems in the
eld of forest use, the main ones of which are indicated above and, to note
unfortunately, to a sucient extent, they remain unsolved even now.
At the same time, it should be noted that despite the fact that this Concept
was adopted more than ten years ago, the development of social relations in
the state as a whole and in the eld of forest relations in particular is very
rapid and requires a fairly quick response to the corresponding changes,
which must be expressed rst of all by regulatory tools, preferably of the
highest level.
In addition, this Concept is currently valid, since all other attempts
(projects) to develop and adopt concepts for reforming the sphere of
304
Оlena Gulac, Roman Oleksenko, Yevhen Sobol, Tetiana Milova y Kateryna Troshkina
Public administration reform in the forestry sector
forest relations have not been implemented. In particular, on the ocial
website of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Concept of reforming
the forestry and hunting industry of Ukraine, discussed on April 27, 2015
at the meeting of the Coordination Council of the State Forestry Agency of
Ukraine (created by the order of the State Forestry Agency dated March 30,
2015 No. 112) is presented.
In addition, it should be noted that in recent years, the problem of
forestry management in Ukraine, the development of proposals for its
solution, has been the subject of numerous studies and projects carried out
with the support, in particular, of the FLEG program (Law enforcement and
management in the forest sector of the countries of the Eastern region), the
project of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations
(FAO) “Consolidation of forest policy in Ukraine”, other international
organizations.
An extremely important step in the context of improving the eectiveness
of re safety in the forests of Ukraine is that the aforementioned concept
denes the need to develop and adopt the “Strategy for the balanced
development of the forestry and hunting industry of Ukraine”. It would, in
terms of forestry, provide, among others:
Ways to eliminate the departmental dispersion of forests in Ukraine,
strengthening the responsibility of forest users, regardless of departmental
aliation, for non-fulllment of the requirements of forest and hunting legislation,
increasing the responsibility and legal support of forest protection activities and
the eectiveness of state control in