Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Publicación cientíca en formato digital
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185
Depósito legal pp 197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 74
2022
Recibido el 05/05/22 Aceptado el 14/07/2022
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De pó si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
La re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas, es una pu bli ca cn aus pi cia da por el Ins ti tu to
de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che” (IEPDP) de la Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po ti cas de la Uni ver si dad del Zu lia.
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avan ces o re sul ta dos de in ves ti ga ción en las áreas de Cien cia Po lí ti ca y De re cho Pú bli-
co, los cua les son so me ti dos a la con si de ra ción de ár bi tros ca li fi ca dos.
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Re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas. Av. Gua ji ra. Uni ver si dad del Zu lia. Nú cleo Hu ma nís ti co. Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas. Ins ti tu to de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co
Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che. Ma ra cai bo, Ve ne zue la. E- mail: cues tio nes po li ti cas@gmail.
com ~ loi chi ri nos por til lo@gmail.com. Te le fax: 58- 0261- 4127018.
Vol. 40, Nº 74 (2022), 48-62
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Legal tools of security of the nancial
sector of Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4074.02
Volodymyr Kantsir *
Olena Ryashko **
Anastasia Baran ***
Roman Shay ****
Eduard Solovyov *****
Abstract
The structure of crimes in the nancial and economic sphere
is analyzed by means of the dialectical method. Based on the
analysis of the latest legislative and theoretical achievements,
applied to the issues of legal regulation of the studied nancial
and legal relations, scientic approaches are substantiated
and proposals for improvement of regulations in this area are
developed. In particular, economic security is viewed through
the prism of the state’s potential to ensure independent development,
stability of civil society and its institutions, sucient defense potential and
its ability to protect national economic interests from internal and external
threats. It is proposed to supplement Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine “On
National Security of Ukraine” with the term “economic security” as a state
of the national economy providing resilience to threats (exogenous and
endogenous), ensuring a high level of competitiveness in the global economic
space, to strengthen the comprehensive development. In the conclusions of
the case, the convenience of implementing macroprudential tools as one of
the dominant primary sources of information for risk assessment activities
in the policies of the Directorate of Economic Security is supported.
Keywords: nancial security; criminal violations; macroprudential
policy; nancial risks; economic and legal relations.
* Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure at Lviv
Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3689-4697
** Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure
and Criminology at Lviv State University of Internal Aairs, Lviv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0001-5550-5223
*** Doctor of Law, Assistant of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure at Lviv Polytechnic National
University, Lviv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9334-2760
**** Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Criminal Law and Procedure Lviv
Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2788-6035
***** Deputy Chief of the Investigation Department of the Main Directorate of the National Police of
Ukraine in Kyiv, Deputy Chief, Kyiv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4433-3291
49
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 74 (2022): 48-62
Herramientas legales de seguridad del sector
nanciero de Ucrania
Resumen
Mediante el método dialéctico se analiza la estructura de los delitos en
el ámbito nanciero y económico. A partir del análisis de los últimos logros
legislativos y teóricos, aplicados en los temas de regulación jurídica de las
relaciones nancieras y jurídicas estudiadas, se fundamentan los enfoques
cientícos y se desarrollan propuestas de mejora de la normativa en esta
materia. En particular, la seguridad económica se ve a través del prisma
del potencial del Estado para asegurar el desarrollo independiente, la
estabilidad de la sociedad civil y sus instituciones, suciente potencial de
defensa y su capacidad para proteger los intereses económicos nacionales
de las amenazas internas y externas. Se propone complementar el artículo
1 de la Ley de Ucrania «Sobre la seguridad nacional de Ucrania» con el
término «seguridad económica» como un estado de la economía nacional
que proporciona resiliencia a las amenazas (exógenas y endógenas),
garantizando un alto nivel de competitividad en el espacio económico
mundial, para fortalecer el desarrollo integral. En las conclusiones del
caso, se fundamenta la conveniencia de implementar herramientas
macroprudenciales como una de las fuentes de información primarias
dominantes para las actividades de evaluación de riesgos en las politicas de
la Dirección de Seguridad Económica.
Palabras clave: seguridad nanciera; infracciones penales; política
macroprudencial; riesgos nancieros; relaciones
económicas y jurídicas.
Introduction
At the present stage, Ukraine is in a state of nancial instability,
caused by some problems not only nancial but also legal, political, social,
martial law, and several external and internal factors that destroy the
state’s potential. However, government ocials, the nancial sector, and
economists characterize this stage as a path to the national economy’s
development and transformation.
In today’s conditions, the issue of choosing ways to ensure economic
security ensuring sustainable nancial and economic development is of
particular importance. In Ukraine, there is a need not just for adjustment
but for forming a new paradigm of nancial and economic security at various
levels of government. Due to the active development of the nancial system,
technological improvement of nancial transactions, and the penetration
50
Volodymyr Kantsir, Olena Ryashko, Anastasia Baran, Roman Shay y Eduard Solovyov
Legal tools of security of the nancial sector of Ukraine
of transnational crime into national economies, the problem of preventing
and combating economic crime is becoming global. By becoming a system
of threats to nancial markets, particularly national ones, economic crime
becomes a problem for national economic security.
1. Methodology of the study
The article is based on general and special methods of scientic
knowledge. Based on general scientic dialectical approach, economic
and legal nature of economic crime is considered. With the help of formal-
legal analysis of the current legislation, the content was claried, and
shortcomings of normative-legal regulation were revealed; functional
system method was used to analyze the main aspects of economic security;
formal-logical to monitor the peculiarities of legal regulation; technical
and legal analysis – in the interpretation of procedural legal norms, the
disclosure of the content of concepts, which allowed to identify certain gaps
in the legal regulation of the object of study.
2. Analysis of recent research
The category of «economic security» and its structural, functional
components in Ukraine has been the subject of scientic research recently,
since independence, the formation of a national security environment, and
the formation of national economic interests.
Despite making a signicant contribution to modern theory and practice
of economic security by legal means (Vasylevych et al., 2022; Derhaliuk
et al., 2022; Nusratullin et al., 2022; Chernyavsky et al., 2017; Savina,
2018; Orlov, 2015), the issue of implementing unied tools for regulating
economic security issues, was considered in fragments or within a separate
economic and procedural legal plane and required further investigation.
The purpose of the article is to monitor the economic and legal approach
to interpreting the essence of economic security; analyze trends in criminal
oenses in nancial and economic relations; substantiate proposals for
improving the relevant normative categorical-denitive apparatus.
3. Results and discussion
New multi-vector challenges and threats to the security environment
caused by endogenous and exogenous factors are increasingly heard in
modern society. The COVID pandemic 2019 changed the approaches to the
51
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 74 (2022): 48-62
interpretation of economic security and its level, encouraging deepening
the analysis of this phenomenon in all its manifestations. As a social
phenomenon, economic security is a platform for well-being because the
state of stability and relative condence is a certain motivator of social
development.
Article 3 of the Constitution of Ukraine (Constitution of Ukraine, 1996)
denes a person, his life and health, honor and dignity, inviolability, and
security as the highest social value. Since human activities directly aect
all sectors of the national economy, the issue of economic security in the
nancial sector is important.
Economic security is the state economy, which is determined by a
universal platform that reects the protection of socio-economic relations
at all levels of government, from the state to the citizen. Economic security
of the nancial sector should be based on certain priorities: ensuring
the economic independence of the state, guaranteeing citizens a decent
standard of living, etc.
The concept of economic security of Ukraine denes the essence of
economic security as:
...the ability of the national economy to ensure its free, independent
development and maintain the stability of civil society and its institutions, as well
as sucient defense potential of the country in case of adverse events, protection
of national economic interests from external and internal threats (Concept of
Economic Security of Ukraine, 1999: 56).
The Concept identies the main threats to Ukraine’s national security
and reveals their essence, considers the security of real and nancial sectors
of the economy, functional and reproductive aspects of economic security,
and provides integrated indicators of Ukraine’s economic security (Concept
of Economic Security of Ukraine, 1999). There is no single interpretation
of the category of «economic security» in the scientic community. This
phenomenon is considered in dierent areas (Figure 1).