Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 73
Julio
Diciembre
2022
Recibido el 14/04/2022 Aceptado el 15/06/2022
ISSN 0798-1406 ~ Depósito legal pp 198502ZU132
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Vol. 40, Nº 73 (2022), 600-613
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Problematic aspects of the serving
of sentences by specic groups of
convicted persons
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4073.34
Serhii Hrechaniuk *
Yurii Shchyhol **
Larysa Udalova ***
Oksana Khablo ****
Vitalii Terekhov *****
Abstract
The objective of the article was to analyze problematic aspects
of the execution of the sentence by certain groups of prisoners.
The research methodology includes hermeneutics, formal and
logical method, dogmatic method, synergistic method, system
method and generalization method. In the proceedings of the
investigation, the terms «serving a sentence» and «serving a sentence» are
revealed and their dierences are determined. The bodies of execution of
sentences and their classication are considered. It claries the opinions of
scientists on the classication of convicts, provides legislative consolidation
of groups of convicted on various grounds (age, sex, severity of crime,
recidivism, recidivism, illness). Decisions of the European Court of Human
Rights on improper detentions analyzed. The main problematic aspects of
the execution of the sentence by certain groups of prisoners, such as men,
women, minors and tuberculosis patients, are presented. In the practical
signied investigation, they identify some problematic issues that arise
during the serving of sentences by certain groups of prisoners.
Keywords: court decision; classication of convicts; penitentiary
institution; social and educational impact; serving a sentence.
* Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Penal Correction Department of the State Penal Enforcement
Service of Ukraine, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2000-9523
** Candidate of Legal Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Special Department No. 1 of the Institute of Special
Communication and Information Protection of the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor
Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7621-0616
*** Doctor of Law, Professor, Honored worker of science and technology of Ukraine Director of the Institute
for Leadership and Development of the National Academy of Internal Aairs, Ukraine. ORCID ID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4542-5902
**** Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure
of the National Academy of Internal Aairs, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3923-
275X
***** Lawyer, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1923-8302
601
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 73 (2022): 600-613
Aspectos problemáticos del cumplimiento de las penas
por grupos especícos de condenados
Resumen
El objetivo del artículo fue analizar aspectos problemáticos del
cumplimiento de la pena por parte de determinados grupos de reclusos. La
metodología de la investigación incluye la hermenéutica, el método formal
y lógico, el método dogmático, el método sinérgico, el método de sistema
y el método de generalización. En los resultados de la investigacion se
revelan los términos “cumplimiento de condena” y “ejecución de pena” y se
determinan sus diferencias. Se consideran los cuerpos de ejecución de las
penas y su clasicación. Se aclaran las opiniones de los cientícos sobre la
clasicación de los condenados, se proporciona la consolidación legislativa
de grupos de condenados por diversos motivos (edad, sexo, gravedad del
delito, reincidencia, reincidencia, enfermedad). Se analizan las decisiones
del Tribunal europeo de derechos humanos sobre detenciones indebidas.
Se presentan los principales aspectos problemáticos del cumplimiento de
la pena por parte de determinados grupos de reclusos, como hombres,
mujeres, menores y enfermos de tuberculosis. En el signicado práctico
de la investigación, se identican algunas cuestiones problemáticas que
surgen durante el cumplimiento de las penas por parte de determinados
grupos de reclusos.
Palabras clave: sentencia judicial; clasicación de los condenados;
institución penitenciaria; impacto social y educativo;
cumpliendo una condena
Introduction
Recently, the issue of serving a sentence has been actively studied both
by domestic and foreign scholars. Improving the institution of execution of
imprisonment is due to the fact that the correct application of all elements
of penitentiary policy will be the only way to motivate the lawful conduct of
convicts while serving their sentences, as well as the development of such
behavior after release.
But there are still problems. Dicult adaptation to the conditions
and procedures in penal institutions, as well as a number of problematic
issues that arise during serving a sentence, are a clear example of the fact
that the system does not work in some situations. Negative attitude of the
administration towards certain groups of convicts, non-provision of medical
care or its untimely provision, lack of qualied psychologists, and, as a
result, - fail to provide psychological assistance, avoidance of educational
and social work and lack of basic sanitation.
602
Serhii Hrechaniuk, Yurii Shchyhol, Larysa Udalova, Oksana Khablo y Vitalii Terekhov
Problematic aspects of the serving of sentences by specific groups of convicted persons
The number of ECHR decisions on improper detention and violation
of Article 3 of the Convention indicate the presence of problematic aspects
that arise during the serving of sentences by certain groups of convicts,
including men, women, minors, tuberculosis patients sentenced to life
imprisonment, recidivists, etc.
Thus, the aim of the article is to reveal and analyze problematic aspects
of serving a sentence by certain groups of convicts.
1. Methodology
The methodology of the article is based on general and special methods
of scientic knowledge, the use of which is determined by the purpose,
object, subject matter of the research.
The method of hermeneutics is used in the process of studying the texts
of relevant legislative acts and the views of scientists on the classication of
convicts and peculiarities of serving sentences by dierent groups.
The use of formal and logical method allows to analyze the norms of the
current penal enforcement legislation and the practice of its application.
Dogmatic method is applied to study the terms “serving a sentence” and
“execution of punishment”; logical method makes it possible to determine
the dierence between these concepts.
Synergetic method is useful in studying the ECHR judgments on
improper detention and the breach of Article 3 of the Convention.
System and structural method allow to present the classication of
dierent groups of convicts and penal institutions.
The method of generalization helps to draw relevant conclusions and
suggestions.
2. Literature Review
The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of
Prisoners (UN Oce on Drugs and Crime, 2015) along with other legal
instruments, adopted by the UN on penitentiary issues, constitute the
international law institution for the protection of the human rights of
pe