Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 73
Julio
Diciembre
2022
Recibido el 14/03/2022 Aceptado el 26/05/2022
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De pó si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
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Vol. 40, Nº 73 (2022), 454-467
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Decentralization as a global trend of
democracy development
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4073.24
Nadiia Babarykina *
Oleksandra Demianenko **
Yevhen Mahda ***
Abstract
This research examines the process of decentralization
of power as a global trend of democratization. The concept
of decentralization of power is revealed and the process of
implementation of the reform of decentralization of power
in some European countries is highlighted. The relationship
between the course of decentralization reform and the index of
democracy in countries has been studied. The aim of the research
is to identify and analyze the essence, features and experience
of decentralization as a global trend of democratization. The
realization of the goal requires the solution of the next task - to analyze
the experience of decentralization in the context of the development of
democracy in the European Union. The solution of research problems
became possible due to the use of a complex of general scientic and
special research methods. This analytical essay is based on documentary
sources. Аnalyzing the principles and results of decentralization of power
in European countries in the study we see the growth of democracy.
Decentralization causes a global shift in power, as the distance between
citizens and government institutions is reduced.
Keywords: decentralization; regional policy; democracy and citizenship;
civil society; public administration.
* PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of General Legal and Political Sciences,
National University «Zaporizhzhia Polytechnic». ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6167-3693
** PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of Public Administration and Political
Science, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-
0003-4428-3981
*** PhD in Political Science, Associate Professor of the Department of Publishing and Editing of the
National Technical University of Ukraine «Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute». ORCID ID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5792-8713
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CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 73 (2022): 454-467
La descentralización como tendencia global del
desarrollo de la democracia
Resumen
Este estudio examina el proceso de descentralización del poder
como una tendencia global de democratización. Se revela el concepto de
descentralización del poder y, al mismo tiempo, se destaca el proceso de
implementación de la reforma de descentralización del poder en algunos
países europeos. Se ha estudiado la relación entre el curso de la reforma
de la descentralización y el índice de democracia en algunos países. Mas
concretamente, el objetivo del estudio es identicar las características
y la experiencia de la descentralización como una tendencia global de la
democracia. La realización del objetivo implicó la solución de las siguientes
tareas: analizar la experiencia de la descentralización en el contexto
del desarrollo de la democracia en la Unión Europea. La solución de las
tareas de la investigación se hizo posible gracias al uso de un conjunto de
métodos de investigación cientícos generales y especiales: sistémicos,
estructural-funcionales, históricos, comparativos. Se concluye que
analizando los principios y resultados de la descentralización del poder en
los países europeos en el estudio vemos el crecimiento de la democracia. La
descentralización provoca un cambio de poder global, ya que se reduce la
distancia entre los ciudadanos y las instituciones gubernamentales.
Palabras clave: descentralización; política regional; democracia y
ciudadanía; sociedad civil; administración pública.
Introduction
Today, the process of spreading democracy in the world has spread to
all continents and has become a global trend. The urgency of the formation
and development of democracy is based on the growing popularity of
democratic values, namely - civic consciousness, human and civil rights
and freedoms, awareness, and protection of their own and public interests.
Decentralization is an important component of the democratization of
authority. At the same time, the processes of democratic transformation in
European countries are quite heterogeneous.
If in Western Europe there are quite old and stable traditions of
democratic governance, the countries of Eastern and Central Europe
are characterized by heterogeneity and instability of these processes. At
present, democracy is consolidating in most parts of the world, especially
in Central and Eastern Europe.
456
Nadiia Babarykina, Oleksandra Demianenko y Yevhen Mahda
Decentralization as a global trend of democracy development
The urgent task for most countries of the world is the implementation
of eective and ecient governance, which is able to bring together the
government and ordinary citizens, contributes to meeting their needs at a
better level and the realization of democratic values in full. The realization
of democratic values is manifested in the conscious and active involvement
of citizens in public life, the defense of rights and freedoms, the protection
of their own interests, which ensure the viability and sustainability of
democracy.
The experience of democratic countries of Europe shows that the
introduction of alternative systems of providing quality services to the
population in the context of decentralization of authority helps to solve this
problem.
In many European countries, the need for decentralization has
arisen in connection with large-scale democratization processes and the
implementation of market reforms. The collapse of the bipolar system of
international relations has led to the unication of approaches to eective
governance. The transformation of the world from unipolar to bipolar has
accelerated the process of decentralization, as the European Union has
become one of the centers of global inuence.
The principles of building civil society, eciency, transparency,
openness and accountability, exibility and subsidiarity are mandatory, as
they are the basis for all sectoral policies developed and implemented in
the European Union. Reforms in dierent countries take place in dierent
ways, but the common basis for all countries is the reason for the need for
decentralization - to manage the provision of administrative services has
the lowest level of government, which can bear the costs and dispose of the
results.
In political science, the term “decentralization” (from the Latin “de …”
- a prex meaning negation, and “centralis” - the middle) - a governing
political system designed to implement meaningful practical decisions that
are geographically or organizationally outside the direct inuence of central
government; a political process involving the delegation of certain powers
by the central government to the local level in order to optimize the practical
solution of issues of national importance, as well as the implementation of
specic regional and local programs (Decentralization. A short dictionary
of political science terms, Undated).
The transition to decentralization - is a global shift in authority that frees
the individual from state care and allows democracy to be built from the
bottom up. Democracy presupposes the existence of feedback between the
government and the citizen. Citizens should be informed about all actions
and decisions of the government, and the government - about the real
needs of specic citizens. Only under such conditions will its actions and
457
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 73 (2022): 454-467
decisions be determined by the interests of citizens, social groups and it will
be able to adequately respond to their requests (Boryslavs'ka et al., 2012).
Decentralization reduces the distance between citizens and government
institutions, allows citizens to inuence government more eectively. It is
one of the arguments for the transfer.
1. Objectives
The aim of the article is to identify and analyze the essence, features, and
experience of decentralization as a global trend of democratization. The
realization of the aim requires the solution of the next task - to analyze the
experience of decentralization in the context of the development of democracy
of European Union countries. The object of study is decentralization in the
modern political process. The subject - decentralization as a global trend of
the development of democracy.
2. Materials and methods
The solution of the research tasks became possible due to the use of a
set of general scientic and special research methods: systemic, structural-
functional, historical, comparative. The systematic method was used during
the structuring and generalization of research papers devoted to the study
of the concept and phenomenon of decentralization, its essence, as well as in
the process of analysis of decentralization through the prism of democracy.
The structural-functional method was used to dierentiate the eects
of decentralization on political institutions, political relations, political
culture, and consciousness, as well as to dene it as a global trend of
democratization. The historical method made it possible to show the
development of decentralization through the prism of time in dierent
countries. The comparative method was used when comparing the processes
of decentralization reform in European countries.
The issue of decentralization in the context of democratization in the eld
of political science is not new, but it is becoming increasingly important.
This issue was devoted to the work of Ukrainian and international scholars
and practitioners such as - M. Baymuratov, Ye. Borodin, O. Gulac, V.
Zubchenko, I. Koliushko, S. Kvitka, M. Lend'el, B. Malchev, M. Moskalets,
R. Oleksenko, T. Sergiіenko, A. Tkachuk, O. Venger, V. Yemelyanov and
others.