Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 73
Julio
Diciembre
2022
Recibido el 14/03/2022 Aceptado el 28/05/2022
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De pó si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
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de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che” (IEPDP) de la Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po ti cas de la Uni ver si dad del Zu lia.
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cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas. Ins ti tu to de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co
Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che. Ma ra cai bo, Ve ne zue la. E- mail: cues tio nes po li ti cas@gmail.
com ~ loi chi ri nos por til lo@gmail.com. Te le fax: 58- 0261- 4127018.
Vol. 40, Nº 73 (2022), 435-453
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Administrative and legal regulation
of public relations regarding the use of
human resources in Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4073.23
Mykola Turkot *
Nataliіa Shevchuk **
Yurii Shpak ***
Oleksandr Turchak ****
Dina Tereshchenko *****
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of the current problems of
administrative and legal regulation of public relations regarding
the use of human resources in Ukraine. The problematic
aspects of the functioning of the legal mechanism of the public
administration in this area are identied and the main directions
of its improvement are identied. The authors state that currently one of the
key problems of the interaction between the individual and the State is the
uncertainty and imbalance of certain components of the legal regulation of
this area, the inadequate interaction of the elements of this system. In this
regard, proposals have been made to improve the legal and organizational
support for the interaction of the issues of administrative and legal regulation
of public relations on the use of human resources in Ukraine. It concludes
on the desirability of passing a law on general administrative procedure in
the eld of legal regulation of administrative services in Ukraine, in order to
eliminate gaps in relations between public administration bodies (including
municipalities) and individuals, highlighted the prospects of widespread
application of the e-government practitioner.
Keywords: human resources; administrative and legal regulation; access
to information; administrative services; e-government.
* Candidate of legal sciences, Associate Professor, department prosecutor of Prosecutor General’s Oce,
Kyiv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9457-8871
** Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Management and Social Sciences and
Humanities, Lviv Branch of the European University, Lviv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0003-4903-1986
*** Candidate of legal sciences, deputy mayor of the Mykolaiv city council of the Lviv region, Lviv, Ukraine.
ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4769-8883
**** Doctor of Science in law, Professor at the Humanitarian Department, Lviv State University of Physical
Culture named after Ivan Boberskyj, Lviv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1806-
5289
***** Doctor of Sciences in Public Administration, Associate Professor, Professor at the Department of
sociology and public administration, National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»,
Kharkiv, Ukraine. ORСID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0633-0097
436
Mykola Turkot, Nataliіa Shevchuk, Yurii Shpak, Oleksandr Turchak y Dina Tereshchenko
Administrative and legal regulation of public relations regarding the use
of human resources in Ukraine
Regulación administrativa y legal de las relaciones
públicas con respecto al uso de recursos humanos en
Ucrania
Resumen
El artículo está dedicado al estudio de los problemas actuales de la
regulación administrativa y legal de las relaciones públicas con respecto
al uso de recursos humanos en Ucrania. Se identican los aspectos
problemáticos del funcionamiento del mecanismo legal de la administración
pública en esta área y se identican las principales direcciones de su
mejora. Los autores arman que actualmente uno de los problemas clave
de la interacción entre el individuo y el Estado es la incertidumbre y el
desequilibrio de ciertos componentes de la regulación legal de esta área, la
interacción inadecuada de los elementos de este sistema. En este sentido,
se han formulado propuestas para mejorar el apoyo legal y organizativo
de la interacción de los temas de regulación administrativa y legal de
las relaciones públicas sobre el uso de recursos humanos en Ucrania. Se
concluye en la conveniencia de aprobar una ley sobre el procedimiento
administrativo general en el campo de la regulación legal de los servicios
administrativos en Ucrania, con el n de eliminar las brechas en las
relaciones entre los organismos de la administración pública (incluidos
los municipios) y las personas, destacó las perspectivas de una aplicación
generalizada del practicante del gobierno electrónico.
Palabras clave: recursos humanos; regulación administrativa y legal;
acceso a la información; servicios administrativos;
gobierno electrónico.
Introduction
The end of the XX - beginning of the XXI century is marked by
the processes of globalization of social and economic institutions, the
signicant scale and pace of innovative development, which determine the
main directions of development of modern society. Besides, еhe COVID-19
pandemic has had a great impact on public relations, the economy, and
the nancial system of the countries of the world (Nusratullin et al.,
2021). The main source of innovative development of countries is human
resources, which are formed primarily through social investment. The rapid
development and introduction of information and computer technologies
in the context of globalization, the intellectualization of labor, lead to the
transformation of the structure and content of human resources, the nature
of its impact on innovative development.
437
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 73 (2022): 435-453
Ensuring sustainable rates of socio-economic development, attracting
investment in both xed assets and technology and human development
in accordance with the proposed by the Government of Ukraine economic
growth strategy (Strategy of economic growth), is impossible without
eective cooperation of government, business, and society (man). According
to the Strategy, “by 2024, Ukraine should move to the top group of the
human capital index, and life expectancy will grow to 75 years”. In addition,
today, at the level of ocial institutions, the system of state management
of human development is represented by separate elements, such as
management of education, health care, employment, social protection.
These elements are multi-level systems, built on a hierarchical principle,
which determines: the scope of management at each level, the sequence
and subordination of management levels, distributed functions vertically
and horizontally, duties, rights and responsibilities. At each level of
management, the placement of elements and the form of their connections
implies a certain autonomy. This leads to the lack of: rst, a comprehensive
approach to the problem of human development management; secondly,
responsibility for the available result (Pospelova, 2011).
The state and local governments also shape the sphere of labor, social,
institutional, and other mobility for citizens and employers. In market
conditions, the formation and competitiveness of human resources are
one of the main functions of the state (Libanova, 2008), which should
determine the prospects for the domestic economy to a qualitatively new
level, the orbit of innovative development.
Solving the complex problem of human resource formation requires the
cooperation of all stakeholders in a particular eld (health, education and
science, culture, environmental safety, public services, etc.), so the main
scientic task is to develop organizational and legal measures to implement
the principles of governance in the practice of government structures in
three main areas: the development of public-private partnerships, the
development of public service delivery and the creation of favorable
conditions for eective interaction between dierent levels of public
authority (central, regional, local), aimed at achieving a common goal -
meeting public needs.
An important problem for the domestic system of government is
the search for alternative concepts of public administration and their
implementation in modern state-building practice. This issue is particularly
relevant given that, having ratied the Association Agreement between
Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic
Energy Community, and their Member States, on the other, Ukraine has
dened public policy as such that aimed at bringing the standard of living
of Ukrainian citizens closer to European standards, rooting European
values in all spheres of functioning of the Ukrainian state and society
(Melnychenko, 2020).
438
Mykola Turkot, Nataliіa Shevchuk, Yurii Shpak, Oleksandr Turchak y Dina Tereshchenko
Administrative and legal regulation of public relations regarding the use
of human resources in Ukraine
In this context, the search for ways to reduce the negative impact of
transformation processes on the formation and use of human resources,
nding opportunities for its development, considering the relationship
between the level of socio-economic development of regions and the degree
of their dierentiation, on the one hand, and human quality resource - on
the other.
1. Methodology of the study
The methodological basis of the scientic article is a set of methods of
scientic knowledge and general scientic principles of research, which are
based on the fundamental principles of the science of public administration
and related sciences.
The research is based on systemic and synergetic approaches, as well
as a set of methods that ensure their implementation, in particular: logical
and semantic - to deepen the conceptual apparatus and determine the
essence and content of mechanisms of state regulation of human resource
development in Ukraine; comparative analysis - to study the existing
methodological approaches, concepts, developments and proposals and to
identify patterns, dierences, features and common characteristics of the
mechanisms of state regulation of human resource development in dierent
countries; system-analytical - for the analysis of legislative acts and other
normative-legal documents on the peculiarities of state regulation of
human resource development in Ukraine; historical - to study the genesis
and development of methodological approaches.
The evolution of mechanisms of state regulation of human resource
development in Ukraine in chronological order; analysis and synthesis - to
assess the dynamics and eectiveness of mechanisms for state regulation
of human resource development in Ukraine; observation and theoretical
generalization - to reveal the reasons that destabilize the system of state
regulation of human resource development in modern conditions; abstractly
logical - for generalization of theoretical positions, establishment of causal
relations and formation of conclusions and oers. The information base
is legislative and normative acts on issues of state regulation of human
potential development, namely: Laws of Ukraine, Decrees of the President
of Ukraine, resolutions and orders of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine,
etc.