Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 73
Julio
Diciembre
2022
Recibido el 04/03/22 Aceptado el 10/06/2022
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De pó si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
La re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas, es una pu bli ca cn aus pi cia da por el Ins ti tu to
de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che” (IEPDP) de la Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po ti cas de la Uni ver si dad del Zu lia.
En tre sus ob je ti vos fi gu ran: con tri buir con el pro gre so cien tí fi co de las Cien cias
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ti ga do res; es ti mu lar la in ves ti ga ción en es tas áreas del sa ber; y pro pi ciar la pre sen ta-
ción, dis cu sión y con fron ta ción de las ideas y avan ces cien tí fi cos con com pro mi so so cial.
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas apa re ce dos ve ces al o y pu bli ca tra ba jos ori gi na les con
avan ces o re sul ta dos de in ves ti ga ción en las áreas de Cien cia Po lí ti ca y De re cho Pú bli-
co, los cua les son so me ti dos a la con si de ra ción de ár bi tros ca li fi ca dos.
ESTA PU BLI CA CIÓN APA RE CE RE SE ÑA DA, EN TRE OTROS ÍN DI CES, EN
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Re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas. Av. Gua ji ra. Uni ver si dad del Zu lia. Nú cleo Hu ma nís ti co. Fa-
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Vol. 40, Nº 73 (2022), 27-51
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Regional leadership as an element of
Ukraine’s geopolitical strategy
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4073.01
Maryna Shulga *
Oksana Deliia **
Neonila Krasnozhon ***
Oleksandr Kuchyk ****
Olha Kravchuk *****
Inna Kostyrya ******
Abstract
The aim of the article was to identify the current status and
problems of Ukraine’s regional associations, and discuss them
in the context of supranational challenges and the COVID-19
pandemic. Observation, the comparative method and the neo-
institutional approach were the main methodological tools
involved. The investigation found that Ukraine intends to
establish various coalitions, blocs and alliances to develop the foreign policy
vector. Countries that thrive to be regional actors, as well as NATO and EU
Member States, engage in this type of cooperation. A gradual intensication
of the growth of the country’s regional leadership was revealed through a
comparative study of Ukraine’s cooperation with dierent countries and
their partnerships. The authors of the research supported the point of
view of adherents to the concept that Ukraine is interested in the political
discourse of regional leadership. It is concluded that expanding the
country’s political and economic opportunities is an appropriate context for
* Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor at the Department of Public Administration, Educational and
Scientic Institute of Public Administration and Civil Service, Taras Shevchenko National University of
Kyiv, 02000, Kyiv, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8929-8111
** PhD in History Sciences, Director of the Poltava Apllied Cooperative College, 36000, Poltava, Ukraine.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9806-5328
*** PhD in History Sciences, Assocciate Professor at the Science of Law, Teaching Methods Department,
Department of History and Social Psychology Education, Hryhorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav,
08401, Pereiaslav, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4735-0641
**** PhD in History Sciences, Assocciate Professor at the Department of International Relation and
Diplomacy, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 79000, Lviv, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0001-9767-9520
***** PhD in Political Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Social and Humanitarian
Sciences, Educational and Scientic Humanitarian Institute, Admiral Makarov National University of
Shipbuilding, 54007, Mykolayiv, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7802-1934
****** Doctor of Political Sciences, Head of the Department of International Relations, Faculty of PR,
Journalism and Cybersecurity, Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts, 01133, Kyiv, Ukraine.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2654-8472
28
Maryna Shulga, Oksana Deliia, Neonila Krasnozhon, Oleksandr Kuchyk, Olha Kravchuk y Inna Kostyrya
Regional leadership as an element of Ukraine’s geopolitical strategy
reforming the Western vectors of Ukraine’s foreign policy. It demonstrated
the great potential of regional partnerships, of which Ukraine is a member,
to improve democracy.
Keywords: political risks; geopolitical transformations; regional
leadership; consolidation of states; political platforms.
El liderazgo regional como elemento de la estrategia
geopolítica de Ucrania
Resumen
El objetivo del artículo fue identicar el estado actual y los problemas
de las asociaciones regionales de Ucrania, y discutirlos en el contexto de
los desafíos supranacionales y la pandemia de COVID-19. La observación,
el método comparativo y el enfoque neoinstitucional fueron las principales
herramientas metodológicas involucradas. La investigación encontró que
Ucrania tiene la intención de establecer varias coaliciones, bloques y alianzas
para desarrollar el vector de política exterior. Los países que prosperan
para ser actores regionales, así como la OTAN y los Estados miembros de
la UE, participan en este tipo de cooperación. Se reveló una intensicación
gradual del crecimiento del liderazgo regional del país a través de un
estudio comparativo de la cooperación de Ucrania con diferentes países y
sus asociaciones. Los autores de la investigación apoyaron el punto de vista
de los adherentes al concepto de que Ucrania está interesada en el discurso
político del liderazgo regional. Se concluye que expandir las oportunidades
políticas y económicas del país es un contexto apropiado para reformar los
vectores occidentales de la política exterior de Ucrania. Se demostró un gran
potencial de las asociaciones regionales, de las que Ucrania es miembro,
para mejorar la democracia.
Palabras clave: riesgos políticos; transformaciones geopolíticas;
liderazgo regional; consolidación de los estados;
plataformas políticas.
Introduction
In the current context, any event that is related to international relations
and the interaction of political power between dierent states and territories
is referred to as geopolitics. The evolving scope of geopolitics is undergoing
major changes in the new environment. The world has also faced the most
29
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 73 (2022): 27-51
dicult recent challenge of oering a consistent, collective and adequate
response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Among other things, this also entailed
profound changes in the global order, and countries began to struggle with
the inuence of new regional and global players. All regional and global
states are counting on the emerging geographical regions, such as the Indo-
Pacic, Eurasia and the Arctic, which requires new norms, institutions and
partnerships.
The political, economic, technological and regulatory multipolarity is
the world’s target, where each “pole” implements the necessary policies by
involving the traditional tools of power in dierent ways (Cont, 2020). A
new era requires countries which have dierent conicts on their territories
to succeed in resolving them in the short term, while states that invest in
stability may well determine the future of globalization and the new world
order (Saran and Tirkey, 2021).
The regions of the world play a crucial role in the context of global policy
trends. The regions that have multiple conicts, which are mainly overlapped
between regional competitors capable of inuencing the global security
architecture, undergo particularly noticeable transformations (Heibach,
2021). Not only by the membership in the integrational institutional
association, but also its commitment to the transformational path play an
important role in modern international relations (Dnistryansky, 2021).
In fact, a legal regime emerges between the member countries of the
association, and between the latter and third countries.
The global struggle between liberal democracy and authoritarianism set
in at the beginning of the third decade of the 21st century is very likely to
be one of the decisive conicts in the short and medium run (Freudenstein,
2021). The global geopolitical discourse suggests that the Euro-Atlantic
space covered by NATO and the Eurasian space covered by the SCO are the
two main areas of stability in the world which move towards conicts and
growing uncertainty. These “sustainability islands” can be threatened by
unstable political relations between these two groups, fragmented conicts
and threats to security ((Kukartseva) and Thomann, 2021). It is extremely
important to contain geopolitical threats that come from crisis zones with
due regard to political processes and phenomena of the past.
The geopolitical picture of the world has been signicantly changed
by the collapse of the USSR and the communist system. The states with a
similar political and legal system, which was inherited from the previous
government, emerged in the post-Soviet space. The newly established
countries attempted to promote public solidarity, while opposing Moscow’s
rule and seeking support from Europe and Asia. But Russia, which has
still been a huge nation and tried to remain the strongest player in the
post-Soviet space, had none of these options available (Weir, 2021).
Nevertheless, Russia’s inuence on the former Soviet republics has steadily