Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.40 N° 72
Enero
Junio
2022
Recibido el 22/09/2021 Aceptado el 01/12/2021
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De pó si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
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de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che” (IEPDP) de la Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po ti cas de la Uni ver si dad del Zu lia.
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cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas. Ins ti tu to de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co
Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che. Ma ra cai bo, Ve ne zue la. E- mail: cues tio nes po li ti cas@gmail.
com ~ loi chi ri nos por til lo@gmail.com. Te le fax: 58- 0261- 4127018.
Vol. 40, Nº 72 (2022), 670-689
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
International guidelines for
managing investigation and collection
of evidence of war crimes
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.4072.39
Nataliia Kononenko *
Valeriy Patskan **
Maryna Hromova ***
Halyna Utkina ****
Serebro Mykhailo *****
Abstract
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the international
regulations of the organization of the investigation and collection
of evidence of military crimes. The objective is to analyze the
eective minimization of the impact of destructive factors on the
investigation of military crimes, so it is necessary to create a special
governmental institution to cooperate with the International
Criminal Court with the appointment of national coordinators in relation
to amendments to the Code of Criminal Procedure of Ukraine, which
provides for the possibility of investigation. The methodological basis
of the research was the methods and techniques of scientic knowledge,
specically the main method of research was the dialectical method. It is
concluded that the concept of investigation of military crimes committed in
armed conict and criminal prosecution of perpetrators can be dened as
of important scientic and practical signicance, a holistic interdisciplinary
comprehensive theoretical system of activities under special conditions,
which generally combines theoretical provisions on specic patterns in
the eld of legal support, organization of investigation and collection of
evidence of military crimes. : search, arrest and transfer of ocials involved
in military crimes and implementation of international proceedings against
the accused.
* Candidate of Law, Senior Lecturer, Department of Criminology and Forensic Science of National
Academy of Internal Aairs. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0298-3958
** Chairman of the Accounting Chamber of Ukraine, Associate Professor of Administrative, Financial and
Information Law, Doctor of Law, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5104-9811
*** Candidate of Law, Leading Research Fellow, Tara’s Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. ORCID
ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2177-6468
**** Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Donetsk State University of Internal Aairs.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7513-4407
***** Candidate of Law, Associate Professor of the Department of General Theory of Law and State of
the National University "Odessa Law Academy". ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9942-3876
671
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 72 (2022): 670-389
Keywords: international humanitarian law; military oences; criminal
investigation; evidence collection; proper judicial process.
Reglamento internacional de la organización de
investigación y recolección de pruebas de delitos
militares
Resumen
El artículo está dedicado a las peculiaridades del reglamento internacional
de la organización de la investigación y recolección de pruebas de delitos
militares. El objetivo consiste en analizar la minimización efectiva del
impacto de los factores destructivos en la investigación de delitos militares,
por lo que es necesario crear una institución gubernamental especial
para cooperar con el Tribunal Penal Internacional con la designación de
coordinadores nacionales en relación con las enmiendas al Código de
Procedimiento Penal de Ucrania, que prevé la posibilidad de investigación.
La base metodológica de la investigación fueron los métodos y técnicas
del conocimiento cientíco, especícamente el método principal de
la investigación fue el método dialéctico. Se concluye que el concepto
de investigación de delitos militares cometidos en conictos armados
y enjuiciamiento penal de los perpetradores puede denirse como de
importante signicado cientíco y práctico, un sistema teórico integral
interdisciplinario holístico de actividades en condiciones especiales, que
generalmente combina disposiciones teóricas sobre patrones especícos
en el campo de apoyo legal, organización de la investigación y recolección
de pruebas de delitos militares: búsqueda, detención y traslado de
funcionarios involucrados en delitos militares e implementación de
procesos internacionales contra los imputados.
Palabras clave: derecho internacional humanitario; delitos militares;
investigación penal; recolección de pruebas; proceso
judicial adecuado.
Introduction
Prohibition of criminal oences against the peace, security of humanity
and international legal order under present-day conditions is necessitated
not so much by the incidence of criminal oences as by the extremely high
level of their social danger. For example, Article 7 of the Law of Ukraine
“On Fundamentals of National Security of Ukraine” denes that criminal
672
Nataliia Kononenko, Valeriy Patskan, Maryna Hromova, Halyna Utkina y Serebro Mykhailo
International guidelines for managing investigation and collection of evidence of war crimes
activities against the peace and security of humanity are currently the main
real and potential threats to the national security of Ukraine and social
stability (Law of Ukraine, 1993).
Soon after its independence was declared, Ukraine chose the course
towards ensuring the fundamental principles of protecting human rights
and freedoms, rmly established in the international community. In 2001,
for the rst time in the history of the national criminal legislation, the new
Criminal Code of Ukraine was supplemented by Chapter XX “Criminal
oences against peace, security of mankind and international legal order”.
Armed conicts are mainly provoked by existing contradictions that
cannot be resolved in a peaceful, non-military way. Present-day armed
conicts are usually caused by ethnic, national, religious interests of a
large group of people and contradictions originated therefrom. According
to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, a half of 205
major armed conicts taking place from 1989 to 1994 were caused by the
power struggle in the country, the rest being related to control over the
territory, struggle for autonomy, national and ethnic problems, and other
antagonistic contradictions.
According to the United Nations Organization, the conict in eastern
Ukraine has been one of the deadliest in Europe since World War II.
During the War in Donbas, 13,000 people have died, 28,000 have been
wounded, and approximately 1.8 million inhabitants of Donbas and Crimea
have become internally displaced persons. Ukraine has suered immense
nancial and economic losses. Twenty-seven percent of Donbas’s industrial
potential were illegally transferred to the Russian Federation, including the
equipment of 33 local industrial giants (The war in the Donbass, 2019).
War crimes are directly related to the international criminal law. They are
particularly dangerous to humanity, undermining the international security
and law enforcement system. Longstanding eorts of the international
community have yielded tangible results, represented in international legal
norms that establish the grounds and conditions of responsibility for crimes
against the peace, security of humanity and international legal order. After
the Rome Statute was signed in 1998, the International Criminal Justice
Authority, which is responsible for prosecuting those charged with genocide,
war crimes, crimes against humanity and aggression, has been ocially
operating on a permanent basis since July 1, 2002 (Bibik and Kulyk, 2014).
As is well known, international organizations have been created by
states to jointly solve global problems. The essence of the latter is that states
are not able to solve them on their own. The problem of armed conicts and
violations of humanitarian law that occur during armed conicts, especially
against the background of recent events in Ukraine, Syria and the Middle
East, is denitely the most vivid example of the fact that these problems
cannot be solved by only one, even the most powerful, state.
673
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 40 Nº 72 (2022): 670-389
At the 2005 World Summit, United Nations member states recognized
that genocide, criminal oences against humanity, and war crimes are
so dangerous that the world population needs collective international
protection against these actions. In this regard, the international
community, acting through the United Nations, has committed itself to
using diplomatic, humanitarian and other peaceful means to protect the
population from international and,