Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.39 N° 70
2021
Recibido el 03/06/2021 Aceptado el 14/06/2021
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
La re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas, es una pu bli ca ción aus pi cia da por el Ins ti tu to
de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co “Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che” (IEPDP) de la Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas de la Uni ver si dad del Zu lia.
En tre sus ob je ti vos fi gu ran: con tri buir con el pro gre so cien tí fi co de las Cien cias
Hu ma nas y So cia les, a tra vés de la di vul ga ción de los re sul ta dos lo gra dos por sus in ves-
ti ga do res; es ti mu lar la in ves ti ga ción en es tas áreas del sa ber; y pro pi ciar la pre sen ta-
ción, dis cu sión y con fron ta ción de las ideas y avan ces cien tí fi cos con com pro mi so so cial.
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas apa re ce dos ve ces al año y pu bli ca tra ba jos ori gi na les con
avan ces o re sul ta dos de in ves ti ga ción en las áreas de Cien cia Po lí ti ca y De re cho Pú bli-
co, los cua les son so me ti dos a la con si de ra ción de ár bi tros ca li fi ca dos.
ESTA PU BLI CA CIÓN APA RE CE RE SE ÑA DA, EN TRE OTROS ÍN DI CES, EN
:
Re vicyhLUZ, In ter na tio nal Po li ti cal Scien ce Abs tracts, Re vis ta In ter ame ri ca na de
Bi blio gra fía, en el Cen tro La ti no ame ri ca no para el De sa rrol lo (CLAD), en Bi blio-
gra fía So cio Eco nó mi ca de Ve ne zue la de RE DIN SE, In ter na tio nal Bi blio graphy of
Po li ti cal Scien ce, Re vencyt, His pa nic Ame ri can Pe rio di cals In dex/HAPI), Ul ri ch’s
Pe rio di cals Di rec tory, EBS CO. Se en cuen tra acre di ta da al Re gis tro de Pu bli ca cio-
nes Cien tí fi cas y Tec no ló gi cas Ve ne zo la nas del FO NA CIT, La tin dex.
Di rec to ra
L
OIRALITH
M. C
HIRINOS
P
ORTILLO
Co mi té Edi tor
Eduviges Morales Villalobos
Fabiola Tavares Duarte
Ma ría Eu ge nia Soto Hernández
Nila Leal González
Carmen Pérez Baralt
Co mi té Ase sor
Pedro Bracho Grand
J. M. Del ga do Ocan do
José Ce rra da
Ri car do Com bel las
An gel Lom bar di
Die ter Nohlen
Al fre do Ra mos Ji mé nez
Go ran Ther born
Frie drich Welsch
Asis ten tes Ad mi nis tra ti vos
Joan López Urdaneta y Nil da Ma rín
Re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas. Av. Gua ji ra. Uni ver si dad del Zu lia. Nú cleo Hu ma nís ti co. Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas. Ins ti tu to de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co
“Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che”. Ma ra cai bo, Ve ne zue la. E- mail: cues tio nes po li ti cas@gmail.
com ~ loi chi ri nos por til lo@gmail.com. Te le fax: 58- 0261- 4127018.
Vol. 39, Nº 70 (2021), 105-118
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Justice: between law and Conscience
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.06
Andrey I. Vinogradov *
Maiia E. Pankratova **
Anatoly N. Yashin ***
Natalya Yu. Rasheva ****
Anton V. Emelyanov *****
Oksana P. Chernykh ******
Abstract
From the philosophical perspective article deals with the
correlation between law and consciousness. To address the issue,
ideas from renowned thinkers are used. It specically describes
the experience of addressing the subject in Russian philosophy
from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century. The
article shows the reasons for preferring law or consciousness in
dierent periods of history and demonstrates the rational nature
of law and the irrational nature of consciousness, indicating that law and
consciousness are not mutually exclusive. It concludes with an attempt to
combine the two concepts in activities of people who must enforce legal
norms. Using the experience of Russian philosophy, which regards the law
as a moral minimum, people are advised to govern their actions not only
by legal rules, but by listening to the voice of their conscience. The authors
suggest understanding conscience as a spiritual and moral human law that
makes it possible to make decisions without being forced or motivated
* Dr. of Philosophy, Professor, Director of the Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, Murmansk
Arctic State University, 15 Egorov street, Murmansk, 183038, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0002-7008-1980. Email: andvinogradov00@mail.ru
** PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Civil and Financial Law Department, Institute of Social
Sciences and Humanities, Murmansk Arctic State University, 15 Egorov street, Murmansk, 183038,
Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8281-8727. Email: Pankratova.mayya@gmail.com
*** Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Criminal and Administrative
Law, Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, Murmansk Arctic State University, 15 Egorov street,
Murmansk, 183038, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4262-8894. Email: yashin58@
mail.ru
**** PhD in Law, Associate Professor at the Civil and Financial Law Department, Institute of Social Sciences
and Humanities, Murmansk Arctic State University, 15 Egorov street, Murmansk, 183038, Russia.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0063-9253. Email: Anyta_us@mail.ru
***** Senior Lecturer at the Department of Sports Development, Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical
University, 38 Lenin Avenue, 455000, Chelyabinsk Region, Magnitogorsk, Russia. ORCID ID: https://
orcid.org/0000-0001-5304-980X. Email: daryatanchuk@mail.ru
****** Ph.D., deputy Director for Scientic and Methodological Work, House of Students «Magnet», 33
Leningradskaya str., 455000, Chelyabinsk Region, Magnitogorsk, Russia. ORCID ID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0002-7508-8049. Email: cherry-100@yandex.ru
106
Andrey I. Vinogradov, Maiia E. Pankratova, Anatoly N. Yashin, Natalya Yu. Rasheva, Anton V.
Emelyanov y Oksana P. Chernykh
Justice: between law and Conscience
from