Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.39 N° 70
2021
Recibido el 16/03/2021 Aceptado el 20/08/2021
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
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avan ces o re sul ta dos de in ves ti ga ción en las áreas de Cien cia Po lí ti ca y De re cho Pú bli-
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gra fía So cio Eco nó mi ca de Ve ne zue la de RE DIN SE, In ter na tio nal Bi blio graphy of
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nes Cien tí fi cas y Tec no ló gi cas Ve ne zo la nas del FO NA CIT, La tin dex.
Di rec to ra
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OIRALITH
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Vol. 39, Nº 70 (2021), 66-79
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
Perspectives of electronic judicial
proceedings’ development: international
experience and possibilities of its
application in Ukraine
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3970.03
Oleksandr Mykolaiovych Holovko *
Irina V. Aristova **
Volodymyr Viktorovych Shulhin ***
Andrii Oleksiovych Sobakar ****
Abstract
The main directions of further development of e-justice are
identied and analysed. Particular attention is paid to the current
situation in this area in developed and democratic countries.
Considering practical experience in the implementation of
e-justice, possible ways of implementing progressive forms
and methods of e-justice emerged. At present, the development of the
judicial system has undergone signicant and, rst, positive changes in
the direction of conducting proceedings in electronic mode. That is, it is
commonly spoken of the so-called «electronic litigation», in one way or
another it exists in most countries. It is concluded that, even though the
international community has implemented measures in which electronic
judicial procedures must be carried out, their applicability has been
problematic in Ukraine, which has aected the judicial system. Processes
related to the administration of justice are one of the key elements of the
functioning of society. After all, they are meeting the constantly existing
demand for justice on the part of citizens, and this demand is one of the
basic human needs.
Keywords: electronic litigation; useful properties; adoption of experience;
eective means; international experience.
* Doctor of Jurisprudence, Professor, Honored Lawyer of Ukraine, Head of State and Legal Disciplines
Department of V. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine. ORCID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0001-8969-3517. Email: golovkoan1967@ukr.net
** Doctor of Laws, Professor, Head of the Department of Administrative and Information Law, Sumy
National Agrarian University, Sumy, Ukraine. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9211-3464.
Email: aristova07@gmail.com
*** PhD (Law), Associate Professor of the Department of Military Special Training, Faculty of Postgraduate
Education, Military Institute Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine. ORCID ID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8507-453X. Email: vshulgin@ukr.net
**** Doctor of Law, Professor, Head of the Department of Administrative Law, Process and Administrative
Activities, Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Aairs, Dnieper, Ukraine. ORCID: https://
orcid.org/0000-0002-7618-0031. Email: aasobakar77@ukr.net
67
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 39 Nº 70 (2021): 66-79
Perspectivas del desarrollo de los procedimientos
judiciales electrónicos: experiencia internacional y
posibilidades de su aplicación en Ucrania
Resumen
Se identican y analizan las principales direcciones de un mayor desarrollo
de la justicia en red. Se presta especial atención a la situación actual en
este ámbito en los países desarrollados y democráticos. Teniendo en cuenta
la experiencia práctica en la implementación de la justicia electrónica,
surgieron posibles formas de implementar formas y métodos progresivos
de justicia electrónica. En la actualidad, el desarrollo del sistema judicial
ha experimentado cambios signicativos y, en primer lugar, positivos en
la dirección de la conducción de los procedimientos en modo electrónico.
Es decir, se habla comúnmente del llamado «litigio electrónico», de una
forma u otra existe en la gran mayoría de países. Se concluye que, a pesar
de que la comunidad internacional ha implementado medidas en las que se
deben llevar a cabo procedimientos judiciales electrónicos, su aplicabilidad
ha sido problemática en Ucrania, lo que ha afectado al sistema judicial.
Los procesos relacionados con la administración de justicia son uno de los
elementos clave del funcionamiento de la sociedad. Después de todo, están
satisfaciendo la demanda de justicia que existe constantemente por parte de
los ciudadanos, y esta exigencia es una de las necesidades humanas básicas.
Palabras clave: litigio electrónico; propiedades útiles; adopción de
experiencia; medios ecaces; experiencia internacional.
Introduction
Since the earliest times of human existence, individuals have tried
to create certain bodies that would be engaged in establishing truth and
justice in the conict between members of society. It is clear that due to
the continuous development of society, the courts, as well as other public
authorities, continued to improve both organizationally and substantively.
Access to justice has become an important issue in many justice systems
around the world. Increasingly, technology is seen as a potential facilitator
of access to justice, particularly in terms of improving justice sector
eciency. The international diusion of information systems (IS) within
the justice sector raises the important question of how to ensure quality
performance (Lupo and Bailey, 2014). The regulatory act should determine
the rules, which should be obeyed by the judicial authorities of Ukraine. It a
necessary to take into account the law while interpreting the prescriptions
of normative acts by the national courts. Such interpretation should proceed
from the denitions and formulations available, rst of all, in the legislation.
68
Oleksandr Mykolaiovych Holovko, Irina V. Aristova, Volodymyr Viktorovych Shulhin y Andrii
Oleksiovych Sobakar
Perspectives of electronic judicial proceedings’ development: international experience and
possibilities of its application in Ukraine
The importance of adhering to the rules and regulations, in the course of
such interpretation, used in the law without such unreasonable extension
or distortion of their content by relevant court decisions (Lyzohub, 2019).
Numerous studies demonstrate that the application of electronic
system of judicial proceedings greatly facilitates litigation. Thus, the level
of functioning eciency of the judicial system of the country signicantly
increases in the whole. Therefore, Ukraine cannot and should not stand aside
from those processes, since modern technology development facilitates all
spheres of society’s life-sustaining activities. It should be noted that the
introduction of electronic judicial proceedings among other things will be
categorically a positive step towards the progressive development of the
judicial system. In our opinion, this will also make it possible to reduce the
level of workload that numerous courts currently have throughout Ukraine.
Besides, given the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it can be argued that the
use of electronic litigation means by the judicial agencies of the country
will, rst of all, signicantly reduce the risks of face-to-face contact between
persons involved into litigation; secondly, it will assist to administer justice
in remote parts of the country.
Changes in IT information technologies in the judiciary have become
particularly evident in the context of the pandemic in an urgent need to
le documents electronically, hold online court hearings, and the need
to respond and eorts to ensure justice are imposed (Bakaianova et al.,
2020). For example, these may be hard-to-reach places that belong to that
category due to natural disasters, settlements that are at a considerable
distance from district centers, etc. It is known that natural disasters such
as oods are extremely common phenomenon in Ukraine, especially on the
West and South-West of the country. The country’s inability to hold court
hearings during such force majeure conditions has been a serious problem
in the past. In addition, it ruined the country’s image.
The purpose of the article is to determine the perspectives of electronic
judicial proceedings’ development in Ukraine. In this regard it is planned to
solve the following tasks: to carry out the analysis of the current state of aairs
in the sphere of electronic judicial proceedings in the developed countries
of the world; to conduct a comparative analysis of the forms, methods and
means of carrying out electronic judicial proceedings in dierent countries;
to dene the possible ways of implementing the progressive forms and
methods of electronic judicial proceedings’ organization into national
judicial system.
69
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 39 Nº 70 (2021): 66-79
1. Methodology of the research
The methodological basis of the work is generally scientic and special
methods of scientic cognition, which are used to achieve the set purpose.
The comparative and legal method has been used to study international
legislation regulating the legal provision of exercising electronic judicial
proceedings. The systematic approach is the basis for the analysis of the
legislation of Ukraine, the provisions of which determine the procedure
for submission of electronic documents to the court, as well as sending
procedural documents in electronic form by such participants in parallel
with paper documents in accordance with procedural law. The application
of the method of systematic analysis and generalization allowed us to
identify legislative gaps and conicts, on the basis of which scientically
based recommendations of theoretical and applied nature have been
formulated. The selected methods have been used within interrelation and
interdependence that guaranteed the comprehensiveness and objectivity of
the obtained results of the scientic research. This is really through that
the state of Ukraine is ensuring that issue of electronic judicial proceedings
should be carry-out using the international standard put in place in other
countries which has succeeded in using the said methods of proceedings.
Our concerned here is not just looking at the methods of application in
Ukraine, but rather to look at the diculties that may have made the issue
of electronic proceedings unsuccessful in Ukraine and how it can be remedy.
Examining only the methods of application is not enough in ensuring
eective electronic Judicial proceedings, rather the issue is in making sure
that electronic judicial proceedings should be eectively implemented
so that the rationale of justice should be ensure. The question is not just
accepting that this method of proceedings should be used in the country, but
rather than to question whether it has able in solving those inconsistencies
aecting the justice system, if not of what use is the methods important.
Every country has its ways that it function, and for a foreign system to be
accepted in a given country, it should be able in accepting the various norms
of the said country. The fact that the system or proceedings succeeded
in other countries, does not necessarily mean that it will be equally be
successful in Ukraine.
2. Results and discussion
One can condently state that electronic system of judicial proceedings
is currently one of the highest priorities both in the context of improving
the eciency of the judicial system and in the context of improving the state
system in general. It is the result of the constant development of the judicial
system throughout the existence of the judicial agencies in society. Despite
the existing calls in Ukrainian society for the introduction and development
70
Oleksandr Mykolaiovych Holovko, Irina V. Aristova, Volodymyr Viktorovych Shulhin y Andrii
Oleksiovych Sobakar
Perspectives of electronic judicial proceedings’ development: international experience and
possibilities of its application in Ukraine
of electronic systems of judicial proceedings in Ukraine, we can state that it
has not been fully implemented in Ukraine (Fabri and Lupo, 2012).
Thus, we currently see that electronic system of judicial proceedings fully
operates in only few countries, namely the United States, Canada, Australia
and the European Union Member States. All other states, although claiming
to have the means to conduct electronic judicial proceedings, actually have
only few tools that are not related to each other and cannot fully ensure the
functioning of electronic judicial proceedings (Lupo and Bailey, 2014).
According to the researchers of the above processes, there were several
reasons for the creation and implementation of an electronic judicial
proceedings system in the judicial agencies. First of all, electronic judicial
proceedings will signicantly reduce the funds that the state regularly
allocates for judicial agencies. Conduction of a whole list of court cases in
electronic format is considered more eective than organizing these cases
in the traditional format (Cano et al., 2015). Secondly, as foreign analysts
and researchers point out, the specics of legal trials, the introduction of
a full-edged system of electronic judicial proceedings will signicantly
reduce the burden on both judges and the entire judicial system.
Leading scholars tend to argue that the problem of overburdening of
some judicial agencies in Ukraine is considered almost cr