Instituto de Estudios Políticos y Derecho Público "Dr. Humberto J. La Roche"
de la Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas de la Universidad del Zulia
Maracaibo, Venezuela
Esta publicación cientíca en formato digital es continuidad de la revista impresa
ISSN-Versión Impresa 0798-1406 / ISSN-Versión on line 2542-3185Depósito legal pp
197402ZU34
ppi 201502ZU4645
Vol.39 N° 69
Julio
Diciembre
2021
Recibido el 14/03/2021 Aceptado el 15/06/2021
ISSN 0798- 1406 ~ De si to le gal pp 198502ZU132
Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas
La re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas, es una pu bli ca ción aus pi cia da por el Ins ti tu to
de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co “Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che” (IEPDP) de la Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas de la Uni ver si dad del Zu lia.
En tre sus ob je ti vos fi gu ran: con tri buir con el pro gre so cien tí fi co de las Cien cias
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ti ga do res; es ti mu lar la in ves ti ga ción en es tas áreas del sa ber; y pro pi ciar la pre sen ta-
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avan ces o re sul ta dos de in ves ti ga ción en las áreas de Cien cia Po lí ti ca y De re cho Pú bli-
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Re vis ta Cues tio nes Po lí ti cas. Av. Gua ji ra. Uni ver si dad del Zu lia. Nú cleo Hu ma nís ti co. Fa-
cul tad de Cien cias Ju rí di cas y Po lí ti cas. Ins ti tu to de Es tu dios Po lí ti cos y De re cho Pú bli co
“Dr. Hum ber to J. La Ro che”. Ma ra cai bo, Ve ne zue la. E- mail: cues tio nes po li ti cas@gmail.
com ~ loi chi ri nos por til lo@gmail.com. Te le fax: 58- 0261- 4127018.
Vol. 39, Nº 69 (Julio - Diciembre) 2021, 164-181
IEPDP-Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Políticas - LUZ
The police competence to ensure the
rights and freedoms of citizens in
modern society
DOI: https://doi.org/10.46398/cuestpol.3969.09
Andrii Kubaienko *
Ivan Okhrimenko **
Olena Kryzhanovska ***
Iryna Kislitsyna ****
Maksym Hryshchenko *****
Abstract
The aim of the study is to form a systematic approach to
understanding and resolving a set of tasks of police activities
that guarantee the rights and freedoms of citizens in modern
society. It was concluded that the most typical negligence in this
area includes violations of the rights and freedoms of citizens
such as the installation of administrative actions against them without any
sign of the crime, incorrect characterization of administrative infractions,
the violation of the procedural order of administrative detention, cases of
unjustied detention without preparation of reports, as well as exceeding
the legal deadlines for administrative detention. Particular attention was
paid to the set of means of appeal in proceedings concerning administrative
oences, which may be referred to as the institution of the protection of
citizens’ rights and freedoms. Common European approaches to the
legal regulation of policing and the inuence of European Union law and
decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on the guarantee of
human rights and freedoms in policing were analyzed.
* Candidate in Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Judicial, Law
Enforcement Authorities and Advocacy, National University “Odessa Law Academy”, Odessa, Ukraine.
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6648-9764. Email: vz070779@gmail.com
** Doctor in Law, Professor, Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology, National Academy
of Internal Aairs, Kyiv, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8813-5107. Email:
ivango07@ukr.net
*** Candidate in Law, Associate Professor, Lecturer of the Department of Police Administrative Activity,
Odessa State University of Internal Aairs, Odessa, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-
0002-3423-6682. Email: kuganovska82@ukr.net
**** Candidate in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Judicial, Law Enforcement Authorities
and Advocacy, National University “Odessa Law Academy”, Odessa, Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.
org/0000-0002-7215-0791. Email: kislitsina.ira@gmail.com
***** Candidate in Law, Senior Research Fellow, Leading Inspector of the Nemyshlyany District
Department of the Probation Center Branch of the State Institution in the Kharkiv Region, Kharkiv,
Ukraine. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6516-671Х. Email: maxik_top@ukr.net
165
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 39 Nº 69 (Julio - Diciembre 2021): 164-181
Keywords: administrative law; human rights; rule of law; police;
protection of citizens’ rights.
Competencia de la policía para garantizar los derechos
y libertades de los ciudadanos en la sociedad moderna
Resumen
El objetivo del estudio es formar un enfoque sistemático para comprender
y resolver un conjunto de tareas de las actividades policiales que garantizan
los derechos y libertades de los ciudadanos en la sociedad moderna. Se
concluyó que las negligencias más típicas en esta área incluyen violaciones
a los derechos y libertades de los ciudadanos como la instauración de
acciones administrativas contra ellos sin ningún signo del delito, tipicación
incorrecta de las infracciones administrativas, la violación del orden
procesal de detención administrativa, casos de detención injusticada sin
elaboración de informes, así como por sobrepasar los plazos legales de
detención administrativa. Se prestó especial atención al conjunto de medios
de apelación en los procedimientos sobre infracciones administrativas,
que pueden denominarse la institución de la protección de los derechos y
libertades de los ciudadanos. Se analizaron los enfoques europeos comunes
a la regulación jurídica de la actividad policial y la inuencia de la legislación
de la Unión Europea y las decisiones del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos
Humanos sobre la garantía de los derechos humanos y las libertades en las
actividades policiales.
Palabras clave: derecho administrativo; derechos humanos; imperio
de la ley; policía; protección de los derechos de los
ciudadanos.
Introduction
Ensuring human rights and freedoms is a complex task of the state and
all its agencies, the content of the public authorities and administration
activities, which requires signicant nancial, material, organizational,
legal, scientic, and human resources. This necessitates the scientic
development not only of a general model of ensuring human rights and
freedoms but also of modifying the activities of individual state structures.
Therefore, special attention should be paid to the police activities, vested
with broad opportunities and powers in the public sphere. Without
maintaining the rights and freedoms of citizens, the activities of public
166
Andrii Kubaienko, Ivan Okhrimenko, Olena Kryzhanovska, Iryna Kislitsyna y Maksym
Hryshchenko
The police competence to ensure the rights and freedoms of citizens in modern society
authorities and administration, in general, and the police, in particular, do
not have any practical signicance.
To date, the main legal documents dening the rights and freedoms have
been adopted, the relevant standards, which are mainly universal, have
been established. However, the compliance with the relevant principles and
norms, in particular in law enforcement police activities, is partially reduced
in almost all countries owing to some contradictions arising in the process
of practical implementation. Thus, the application of legal norms is a legal
practice. The validity of the legal decisions is checked by practice through
the law requirements; therefore, the law, and ultimately, the practice are
the criteria for the correctness of law enforcement acts.
Administrative and legal regulation of ensuring the citizens’ rights and
freedoms in the police activities are associated with many entities, each of
which has its own competence. It must be established that the activities of
all subjects involved in the mechanism of ensuring the citizens’ rights and
freedoms in the police administrative activities are important and the law
enforcement process demonstrates their eciency. The current problems
of ensuring and maintaining the citizens’ rights and freedoms in police
activities are related to the law enforcement activities of the National Police.
An important problem of police activities in modern society is the
trust of citizens, as well as their involvement in the eld of public order
and safety. Despite the fact that this problem has been the subject of
scientic analysis, current realities and challenges make us re-evaluate the
possibilities of police activities in terms of ensuring the citizens’ rights and
freedoms to formulate proposals concerning the improvement of its legal
and organizational foundations on this basis.
1. Theoretical framework
The analysis of scientic publications shows that a signicant
contribution to the development of the theory of administrative and legal
mechanism for ensuring the citizens’ rights and freedoms, determining
the police competence to ensure the rights and freedoms of citizens in
administrative, jurisdictional and permit-based registration activities
was presented by Dodin (1985), Gorbunova (2017),), Martynenko (2019),
Shoptenko (2017).
The police aspect of ensuring the citizens’ rights and freedoms and the
legal regulation of police activities to ensure the rights and freedoms of
citizens are also presented in the works of such scholars as Aleksandrov,
Okhrimenko and Drozd (2017); Bondarenko and Yesimov (2019);
Bondarenko (2020); Dorosh and Ivasechko (2017); Fedorenko (2020);
167
CUESTIONES POLÍTICAS
Vol. 39 Nº 69 (Julio - Diciembre 2021): 164-181
Kryvolapchuk (2020); Okhrimenko (2020); Shmidt-Assmann (2009);
Shvets (2020); Yatsenko (2015).
The analysis of foreign scientic research, such as Birzu (2017); Breetzke,
Polaschek and Curtis-Ham (2019); Bufkin (2004); Hoggett (2019); Jones et
al. (2011); Mack (1969); Mendel et al. (2017); Schoeman (2002); Zeigler-
Hill (2017) established that signicant changes in modern approaches
to police activities necessitate further research on the outl