Irrigation methods affect critical period of weed competition in potato production

Abbas. Ghafori, Ashkan. Asgari, Morteza. Zahedi, Hassan. Karimmojeni, Ahmad. Ghasemi Pirbaloti


Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a relatively sensitive crop to water deficit in comparison to other cultivated, it is important employing modern irrigation methods in order to meet its sufficient water requirement. The field experiment was conducted as split plots in completely random block designs in three replicationsby two tape and furrow irrigation methods in central of Iran.Experimental treatments included two series of weed-crop competition different temporal treatments in which the first series involved elimination of weed since emergence time to 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 days after emergence and then weed presence and their competition to potato (Marphona cultivar) until season late. The second ones involved weed-crop competition since emergence to 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 days after emergence and then weed elimination until end of season. Additionally, two control treatments involved weed-less and weed presence control during growing season were considered.Results indicated that in both irrigation methods, as interference duration increased, weed dry weight increased.Tuber yield and size reduced as weed interference period was increased.While losses in weed control interference in whole season in tape method was 90 to 95%, although in furrow method it was about 40 to 45%. Beginning of weed control critical period based on 10% acceptable yield losses as a results of weeds damage in furrow and tape irrigation methods was occurred equal to 32 days (590GDD) and 25 days (480GDD) after potato emergence respectively. End of this period in furrow and tape irrigation methods was occurred at 1190 growing day degree (GDD) equals to 59 days and 980 growing day degree (GDD) equals to 50 days after potato emergence respectively.

Palabras clave

drip and furrow irrigation, tuber yield

Texto completo:



Ahmadvand, G., F. Mondani and F. Golzardi. 2009. Effect of crop plant density on critical period of weed competition in potato. Sci. Horti. 121:249-254.

Aitbaev, T., L. Buribaeva and A. Aitbaeva. 2013. Drop Irrigation of Potatoes and Vegetable Cultures in the Southeast of Kazakhstan. World. App. Sci. J. 24:914-919.

Amador-Ramirez, M.D. 2002. Critical period of weed control in transplanted Chilli pepper. Weed. Res. 42:203-209.

Awari, H.W and S.S. Hiwase. 1994. Effect of irrigation systems on growth and yield of potato. Ann. Plant. Phys. 8:185-187.

Bao, Z.Y., S. Nishiyama and Y. Kang. 2003. Effects of different irrigation regimes on the growth and yield of drip-irrigated potato. Agri. Water. Manag. 63:153–167.

Baziramkenga, R and G.D. Leroux. 1994. Critical period of quackgrass (Elytrigiarepens) removal in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum). Weed. Sci. 42:528-533.

Berti, A., C. Dunan, M. Sattin and W.D. Zanin. 1996. A new approach to determine when to control weeds. Weed. Sci. 44:496-503.

Bukun, B. 2004. Critical period for weed control in cotton in Turkey. Weed. Res. 44:404-412.

Ciuberkis, S., S. Bernotas, S. Raudonius and J. Felix. 2007. Effect of weed emergence time and intervals of weed and crop competition on potato yield. Weed. Tech. 21:612-617.

Cousens, R. 1988. Misinterpretations of results in weed research through inappropriate use of statistics. Weed. Res. 28:281-289.

Evans, S.P., S.J. Knezevic, L. Lindquist, C.A. Shapiro and E. Blankenship. 2003. Nitrogen application influence the critical period for weed control in corn. Weed. Sci. 51:408-417.

Felix, J andR.A. Boydston. 2010. Evaluation of Imazosulfuron for yellow nutsedge (Cyperusesculentus) and broadleaf weed control in potato. Weed. Tech. 24:471-477.

Foster, M.A and T.A. Coffelt. 2005. Partheniumargentatum agronomics: establishment, irrigated production, and weed control. Inds. Crop. Prod. 22:27–40.

Ghasemi-Sahebi, F., F. Ejlali, M. Ramezani and I. Pourkhiz. 2013. Comparison of tape drip irrigation and furrow irrigation systems on base of water use efficiency and yield of potato in west of Iran. Int. J. Bio. 5:52-62.

Gibson, L.R and M. Liebman. 2003. A Laboratory exercise for teaching critical period for weed control concepts. Weed. Tech. 17:403-411.

Gitsopoulos, T.K., C.A. Damalas and I. Georgoulas. 2014. Herbicide mixtures for control of water smartweed (Polygonumamphibium) and wild buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus) in potato. Weed. Tech. 28:401-407.

Gupta, J.P and S.D. Singh. 1983. Hydrothermal environment of soil, and vegetable production with drip and furrow irrigations. Indian. J. Agri. Sci. 53:138-142.

Halterman, D., J. Guenthner, S. Collinge, N. Butler and D. Douches. 2016. Biotech Potatoes in the 21st Century: 20 Years Since the First Biotech Potato. Amr. J. Potato Res. 93:1-20.

Hamill, A.S and J. Zhang. 1997. Rate and time of bentazon/atrazin application for broadleaf weed control in corn (Zea mays). Weed. Tech. 11:549-555.

Haverkort, A.J., M.V. DeWart and K.B.A. Bodlaender. 1990. Inter-relationships of the number of initial sprouts, stems, stolons and tubers per potato plan. Potato. Res. 33:269-274.

Hong, N.H., T.D. Xuan, E. Tsuzauki and T.D. Khanh. 2004. Paddy weed control by higher plant from Southeast Asia. Crop. Prot. 23:255-261.

Isık, D., A. Akca, E. Kayaalatop, N. Tursun and H. Mennan. 2015. The critical period for control (CPWC) in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobo. 43:355-360.

Karimmojeni, H., A. Barjasteh, R.S. Mousavi and A.H. Bazrafshan. 2014. Determination of the critical period of weed control in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 42:151-160.

Karimmojeni, H., H. Rahimian-Mashhadi, S. Shahbazi, A. Taab and H.M. Alizadeh. 2010. Competitive interaction between maize, Xanthium strumarium and Datura starmonium affecting som canopy characteristics. Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 4:684-691.

Mohammadi, G., A. Javanshir, F.R. Khooie, S.A. Mohammadi and S. Zahta-Salmasi. 2005. Critical period of weed interference in chickpea. Weed. Res. 45:57-63.

Monteiro, A., I. Henriques and I. Moreira. 2011. Critical period for weed control in potatoes in the Huambo province (Angola). Planta. Daninha. 29:351-362.

Pehrson, L., R.L. Mahler, E.J. Bechinsk and C. Williams. 2010. Water Management Practices Used in Potato Production in Idaho. Amr. J. Potato. Res. 87:253-260.

Portugal, J.M and R.A. Vidal. 2009. Níveis económicos de prejuízos de plantas infestantesnas culturas agrícolas: conceitos, definições e formas de cálculo. Planta. Daninha. 27:869-877.

Thakral, K.K., M.L. Pandita, S.C. Khurana and G. Kaloo. 1989. Effect of time of weed removal on growth and yield of potato. Weed. Res. 29:33-38.

Tian, Y., S. Derong, L. Fengmin and L. Xiaoling. 2003. Effect of rainwater harvesting with ridge and furrow on yield of potato in semiarid areas. Field. Crop. Res. 84:385-391.

Wang, X.F., Y. Kang, S.P. Liu and X.Y. Hou. 2007. Effects of soil matric potential on potato growth under drip irrigation in the North China Plain. Weed. Sci. 8:34-42.

Wilson, R.G and P. Westra. 1991. Wild-proso millet (panicummiliaceum) interference in corn (Zea mays). Weed. Sci. 39:217-220.

Zimdahl, R.L. 2010. The concept and application of the critical weed-free period. In: Altieri M.A. and M. Liebman (Eds.). Weed management in agroecosystem: Ecological approaches. Florida: CRC Press. 368 p.

Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía / Universidad del Zulia /Venezuela/ 

Correo:  / p-ISSN: 0378-7818 / e-ISSN: 2477-9407


Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.